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Terms in this set (53)
The two divisions of the skeleton are the ____ skeleton and the appendicular skeleton
The ______ bone supports the tongue.
The ______ at the inferior end of the sacrum is composed of several fused vertebrae.
The ribs are attached to the _____ posteriorly.
The thoracic cage is composed of _______ pairs of ribs.
The scapulae and clavicles together form the ________
The humerus, radius, and ______ articulate to form the elbow joint.
The wrist is composed of eight bones called _______.
The coxal bones are attached posteriorly to the ________.
The pelvic girdle (coxal bones), sacrum, and coccyx together form the _______.
The ______ covers the anterior surface of the knee.
The bones that articulate with the distal ends of the tibia and fibula are called _____.
All finger and toe bones are called ______.
small, nearly flat surface
opening or passageway
interlocking line of union
narrow, ridgelike projection
soft region between bones of skull
tiny pit or depression
small, knoblike process
rounded enlargement at the end of bone
air filled cavity within bone
relatively large process
the end of a long bone
the shaft of a long bone
found in the ends of long bones; smooth, slippery, and bloodless
fibrous, vascular sensitive life support covering the bone- provides nutrient rich blood for bones cells and a source of bone developing cells during growth after a fracture
cancellous bone and marrow
appears as a tiny beams of bone arranged like a lattice-red marrow packs the spaces between beams
medullary cavity, yellow marrow
serves to lighten bone weight and provide space for its marrow
each long bone contains a tunnel inits shaft for the passage of nutrient artery, which supplies the shaft
dense bone tissue in which the cells are organized in osteons without apparent spaces
shaft of the long bone
dense connective tissue covering the surface of a bone
either end of a long bone
hyaline cartilage that covers the ends of bones in synovial joints
cavity containing marrow in the diaphysis of a long bone
mature bone cell
small chamber of cavity
layer of matrix in bone tissue
tiny longitudinal tubes near capillaries (central)
microscopic canal that connects lacunae of bone tissue
cylinder shaped unit containing bone cells that surround a central canal
bone forming cell
cell that dissolves bone matrix
part of skeleton that supports and protects the organs of the head, neck, and trunk
pertaining to the upper and lower limbs
bone formation and development
the study of bones
the study of joints