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corrupt military ruler of Nigeria 1993-1998


the winner in 1993 Nigerian elections, overruled and imprisoned by Abacha


the neutral capital of Nigeria

All Nigeria People's Party

ANPP; household party in the extreme north of Nigeria with mass appeal


president of Nigeria 1963-1966; leader of colonial opposition


military ruler of Nigeria 1985-1993; famous for his "custodial theory" of government


area that tried to break away from Nigeria in a civil war that lasted from 1967 to 1970.


system of government favoring groups for their support

Economic and Financial Crimes Commission

EFCC; organization set up by Obasanjo to prevent, investigate, prosecute and penalize economic and financial crimes

Economic Community of West African States

ECOWAS; organization established in 1975 among the sixteen governments in West Africa to strengthen and broaden the economies in the region through the removal of trade barriers


the largest ethnic group that lives in northern Muslim Nigeria


the largest ethnic group in southeast Nigeria

Independent National Election Commission

INEC; body set up by the Abubakar regime for the purpose of the 1999 elections

Kaduna Mafia

very powerful interest group of northerners that was very influential in Babangida years


former capital, chief port, and economic center of Nigeria

Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta

MEND; militant specialist group from the Niger Delta


Nigerian money

National Union of Petroleum and Gas Workers

NUPENG; Intrest group that caused strike in 1994


relations of domination by a foreign power, even though the dominated nation is formally recognized as an independent nation with its own government

Nigerian National Oil Corporation

NNOC; post-Biafra group that drills for oil in the delta


1976-1979 military head and 1999-2007 president of Nigeria; retired Nigerian Army genera

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

OPEC; an economic organization consisting primarily of Arab nations that controls the price of oil and the amount of oil its members produce and sell to other nations.

patron-client network

the system of powerful Nigerian political figures mobilizing support through personal "connections" with subordinates


founded the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People against oil drilling in the delta area

Structural Adjustment Program

SAP; economic policies imposed on LDCs by international agencies to create conditions encouraging international trade.


the PDP winner of 2007 Nigerian presidential elections


the largest ethnic group in southwest Nigeria mixed religions

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