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27 terms

Nigeria

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Abacha
corrupt military ruler of Nigeria 1993-1998
Abiola
the winner in 1993 Nigerian elections, overruled and imprisoned by Abacha
Abuja
the neutral capital of Nigeria
All Nigeria People's Party
ANPP; household party in the extreme north of Nigeria with mass appeal
Azikiwe
president of Nigeria 1963-1966; leader of colonial opposition
Babangida
military ruler of Nigeria 1985-1993; famous for his "custodial theory" of government
Biafra
area that tried to break away from Nigeria in a civil war that lasted from 1967 to 1970.
clientelism
system of government favoring groups for their support
Economic and Financial Crimes Commission
EFCC; organization set up by Obasanjo to prevent, investigate, prosecute and penalize economic and financial crimes
Economic Community of West African States
ECOWAS; organization established in 1975 among the sixteen governments in West Africa to strengthen and broaden the economies in the region through the removal of trade barriers
Hausa-Fulani
the largest ethnic group that lives in northern Muslim Nigeria
Igbo
the largest ethnic group in southeast Nigeria
Independent National Election Commission
INEC; body set up by the Abubakar regime for the purpose of the 1999 elections
Kaduna Mafia
very powerful interest group of northerners that was very influential in Babangida years
Lagos
former capital, chief port, and economic center of Nigeria
Movement for the Emancipation of the Niger Delta
MEND; militant specialist group from the Niger Delta
naira
Nigerian money
National Union of Petroleum and Gas Workers
NUPENG; Intrest group that caused strike in 1994
neocolonial
relations of domination by a foreign power, even though the dominated nation is formally recognized as an independent nation with its own government
Nigerian National Oil Corporation
NNOC; post-Biafra group that drills for oil in the delta
Obasanjo
1976-1979 military head and 1999-2007 president of Nigeria; retired Nigerian Army genera
Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
OPEC; an economic organization consisting primarily of Arab nations that controls the price of oil and the amount of oil its members produce and sell to other nations.
patron-client network
the system of powerful Nigerian political figures mobilizing support through personal "connections" with subordinates
Saro-Wiwa
founded the Movement for the Survival of the Ogoni People against oil drilling in the delta area
Structural Adjustment Program
SAP; economic policies imposed on LDCs by international agencies to create conditions encouraging international trade.
Yar'Adua
the PDP winner of 2007 Nigerian presidential elections
Yoruba
the largest ethnic group in southwest Nigeria mixed religions