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Milady ch.9 Nutrition: B vitamins, Minerals, and trace minerals
Terms in this set (21)
A necessary part of metabolic reactions. Most of these complex reactions are important in the release of energy from carbohydrates. Required by the body for manufacturing steroids as well as red blood cells. Proteins are the best sourc of niacin.
Removes carbon dioxide from cells and converts carbohydrates stored as fat.
A water soluble vitamin that works with enzymes to produce energy in cells. Cells use B2 to manufacture various amino acids and fatty acids.
It is important in the metabolism of proteins, both for breaking down and reconstructing amino acids as needed by the body. Research has shown B6 can help improve the effects of PMS and irritability. B6 is strongly connected to protein synthesis.
Involved in energy formation by cells, as well as in the synthesis of both proteins and fatty acids.
Is important in the activation of folacin, fatty acid synthesis, and DNA synthesis in conjunction with proper red blood cell formation by the bone marrow.
An important B vitamin. Involved in processing amino acids and in transporting certain molecules. B12 and vitamin C must be present for folacin to work properly.
Important in various processes involved in synthesizing fatty acids and metabolizing proteins and carbohydrates. Synthesis of hormones, cholesterol, and phospholipids. Important for barrier function of skin. Also aids in the functioning of adrenal glands.
Important in forming and maintaining teeth and bones. Helps prevent osteoporosis.
Required for energy release and protein synthesis, preventing tooth decay, and maintaining nerve and muscle movement.
Present in DNA and is involved in energy release. It is needed for bone formation and cell growth, and it assists vitamin and food energy processes.
Required for energy use, water balance, and muscular movement. Aids in maintaining blood pressure and regulates cell nutrient transfers and reactions. Also important in heart and nervous system functions.
Moves carbon dioxide, regulates water levels, and transports materials through cell membranes. Also regulates blood pH and helps in stomach, nerve, and muscle function.
Used in the production of hemoglobin and oxygenation of red blood cells. Also essential for enzymes and for the immune system.
Helps metabolize excess fat and is important in the development and thyroid health.
Important for protein synthesis and collagen formation. Also promotes wound healing and helps the immune system.
Aids in the formation of bone, hemoglobin, cells, and elastin. Involved in healing, energy production, and is essential for collagen formation.
Helps with energy and the metabolism of glucose and aids in synthesizing fats and proteins. Also stabilizes blood sugar levels.
Needed for healthy teeth and bone formation.
Vital antioxidant protecting the immune system. Works with vitamin E to produce antibodies and to maintain a healthy heart, it is also needed for tissue elasticity.
Assists protein and fat metabolism, promotes healthy nerves, and supports immune system function. Also aids in energy production and bone growth.
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