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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Systematic Desensitization
  2. Cognitive Therapies
  3. Free Association
  4. Unconditional Positive Regard
  5. Counterconditioning
  1. a Used by psychoanalysts to uncover unconscious conflicts. Involves saying whatever comes to mind withouth thinking. Based on the idea that we all constantly censor what we say, thereby allowing us to hide some of our thoughts from ourselves. If we force ourselves to say whatever pops into our minds, we are more likely to reveal clues about what is really bothering us by eluding the ego's defenses.
  2. b Locate the cause of psychological problems in the way people think. Concentrate on changing unhealthy thought patterns. Involves challenging the irrational thinking patterns of patients.
  3. c Type of behavioral therapy. Involves teaching the client to replace the feelings of anxiety with relaxation. Used to treat specific phobias.
  4. d Important element of client-centered therapy developed by Carl Rogers. Blanket acceptance and support of a person regardless of what the person says or does.
  5. e A type of behavioral therapy. A kind of classical conditioning developed by Mary Cover Jones in which an unpleasant conditioned response is replaced with a pleasant one.

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Created client-centered therapy, also known as person-centered therapy. Hinges on the therapist providing the client with what Rogers termed unconditional positive regard.
  2. The most intrusive and rarest form of somatic therapy.
  3. Cognitive behavioral therapy developed by Albert Ellis. Therapists look to expose and confront the dysfunctional thoughts of their clients.
  4. Medical treatments for psychological disorders, including drug treatment (psychopharmacology), psychosurgery, and electroconvulsive shock therapy.
  5. An example of this is attributing failures to internal, global, and permanent aspects of the self.

5 True/False questions

  1. Psychodynamic TheoristsRefers to all forms of talk therapy. This is not the same as psychoanalysis, a specific kind of therapy pioneered by Sigmund Freud.

          

  2. Anxiety HierarchyPart of the process of systematic desensitization. Therapist and client work together to construct an anxiety hierarchy, a rank-ordered list of what the client fears, starting with the least frightening and ending with the most frightening.

          

  3. Aversive ConditioningA type of behavioral therapy. A kind of classical conditioning developed by Mary Cover Jones in which an unpleasant conditioned response is replaced with a pleasant one.

          

  4. Manifest ContentA term used by psychoanalysts when using dream analysis in order to uncover unconscious conflicts. Revealed only as a result of a therapist's interpretive work.

          

  5. Token EconomyA term used by psychoanalysts when using dream analysis in order to uncover unconscious conflicts. Revealed only as a result of a therapist's interpretive work.