45 terms

ACT Academic Vocabulary

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Explain
to clarify or to give a reason, to account for
Analyze
to examine carefully and in detail so as to identify causes, key factors, possible results, etc. ;break down
Infer
to arrive at a conclusion, to deduce, to guess
Deduce
to come up with a conclusion based off of something you already know; conclude, reason, gather, determine.
Determine
to come to a decision, to realize
Hypothesize
come up with a possible conclusion/solution/outcome based off of what you already know
Synthesize
the combining of often very different ideas into an ordered whole; putting things together
Observe
a : to watch carefully <observed how the food was prepared> b : to make a scientific observation of <observe an eclipse>
Explore
a : to search through : look into <exploring new ideas> b : to go into or travel over for purposes of discovery or adventure <explore a cave> <explore the moon>
Identify
point out, pick out, know
Summarize
expressing or covering the main points briefly
Locate
a : to look for and find the position of <trying to locate the problem with the engine> b : to find or fix the place of in a series <locate an event in history>
Paraphrase
a way of stating something (as a written work) again by giving the meaning in different words; retell something in your own words
Draw conclusions
to form an opinion : decide by reasoning <conclude that they are right>
Weigh outcomes
figure out the possible outcomes of different situations
Understand
to get/comprehend the meaning of something
Interpret
to explain the meaning of <interpret a dream>
Recognize
to know and remember upon seeing <I didn't recognize you in that new hairdo>
Distinguish
to know or point out the difference <distinguish between right and wrong>
Support
to provide evidence for : VERIFY <they cannot support the claim>
Evaluate
to find the value of <evaluate a mathematical expression>
Develop
to create or produce especially by effort <develop new ways of doing business>
Correspond
have a close similarity; match or agree almost exactly.
Proof
a : evidence of truth or correctness <gave proof of her statement> b : an act or process of showing or finding out that something is true especially by reasoning or by experiment <a proof that the theorem is true> <put a theory to the proof>
Conclusion
to form an opinion : decide by reasoning <conclude that they are right>
Evidence
1 : an outward sign : INDICATION <evidence of the life of ancient people> <gave no evidence that he was going to bunt>
Detail
1 a : a dealing with something item by item <go into detail about an event> b : a small part or feature : ITEM <the details of a story>
Statement
2 a : something stated : REPORT
Topic
1 : a heading in an outline of a subject or explanation
2 : the subject or a section of a subject (as of a speech or a report)
Central Idea (Main Idea)
3 : a central meaning or purpose <the idea of the game is to keep from getting caught>
Relationship/Relate
2 : to show or establish a relationship between <relate cause and effect>
3 : to have relationship or connection : REFER <the readings relate to the class discussions>
Implication (Imply)
1 : to include or involve as a natural or necessary part even though not put clearly into words <rights imply obligations> <an implied warranty>
Tone
3 : style or manner of expression <reply in a friendly tone> <the author's tone shows his or her attitude toward the subject>; HOW you say something
Intent/Purpose
1 : PURPOSE 1, intention <with intent to injure; to do something on purpose
Objective
3 : dealing with facts without letting one's feelings interfere with them <an objective judgment>
Claim
3 a : to state as a fact : MAINTAIN <claimed to have been cheated> b : to make a claim <claimed to know nothing about it>
Position
2 : a stand taken on a question; what "side" do you take?
Subtle
1 a : DELICATE 1, elusive <a subtle fragrance> b : difficult to understand or distinguish <subtle differences in vowel sounds>
Logical
4 : being in agreement with what may be reasonably expected <a logical result of an action>
Implied
1 : to include or involve as a natural or necessary part even though not put clearly into words <rights imply obligations> <an implied warranty>
Complex
2 : having many parts, details, ideas, or functions often related in a complicated way <a complex problem> <a complex animal like a human being>
Cause-effect
noting a relationship between actions or events such that one or more are the result of the other or others; doing one thing causes another to happen
Figurative
: expressing one thing in terms normally used for another : METAPHORICAL <the figurative use of "foot" in "the foot of the mountain">
Connotative
emotional meaning to a word; can be positive or negative
Comparative
of or involving comparison between two or more branches of science or subjects of study.