75 terms

Law Enforcement Exam

when there is constant disjunction between job demands and worker resources,loss of enthusiasm, excitement in ones work
good stress, has benefits, realistic training modules
negative results, strain that develops as a person becomes more engulfed in their job role--some people can adapt but eventually produces harmful effects
general adaption syndrome
patterened response of reaction to stress, 3 stages
Alarm reaction stage
1st stage body responds to threat and increases production of hormones and heicals, stimulates sympathetic system(heart and lungs), increase heart beat, adrenaline pumps body so it is in state of alert/readiness
Resistance Stage
2nd stage Increase in hormone production to keep up with level of threat(situation doesn't stop), final spurt of energy
final stage body runs out of fuel, physically recuperate and get replenished via sleep and relaxation
Intra-Individual sources of stress
depends on individuals perceptions and internal factors, reaction to same stressor may change,personality is factor, glass ceiling tills someone higher up gets fired or quits, Interaction btw sources of stress, how they are perceived and person characteristics determine whether coping or maladaptive behavior will result
Inter-Individual Sources of stress
stress from interaction between people, b/c come in contact with so many diff people-risk of exposure to medical conditions, not 100% of acceptance of minority officers
organizational sources of stress
shift work messes up circadian rhythm, equipment problems, citizen complaints-regarding officer misconduct/disrespect, doesnt matter how petty, effects evaluations, transfer request, promotion opportunities
rotating shift
day, evening, graveyard, messes up diurnal(day,night) pattern
circadian rhythm
human bodies 24hr cycle, patterns all our physiological fucntions
vila and kenney
police fatigue 80 hr work week
environmental sources of stress
officers feel rejected/negative feelings toward public/community, the cjs, threat of danger
officers have to make schedules accommodate to subpoenas/court appearances, officers distrust CJS, cops beaten at their own game b/c they don't know criminal laws and court procedure
twilight zone
outraged when system fails to punish criminals
Threat of arrest and punishment is devalued so...
officers find alternatives (violence)
threat of danger
consistently reminded of their vulnerability, hall of heroes-fallen comrades
symbolic assailant
young, minority males in run down areas of town(officer behaviors toward them might be due to past experiences)
consequences of police stress
many agencies ignore that police officers are not superhuman/robots, sick time abuse, officers impolite
disease and sickness
causes of death
death certificates
patient's history, physical remains, autopsy if necessary, cause of death, birth place, race, age, sex and last know occupation, used to analyze morbidity and mortality patterns
Fell, Richard, and Wallace
looked at death certificates and hospital records when seen as stress related or not-- police officers have shorter life spans
officers are __ likely to die from stress related causes than other workers
circulatory or heart disease
leading cause of death
non fatal disease
stress induced disorders, digestive tract maladies (ulcers, colon cancer)
vana and marshall
looked at people in NYPD for 5 years, officers=higher death rate from cancer(stomach types),
longer you were an officer
more likely to have circulatory/heart disease
being a police officer =
increase odds of premature death from heart disease and stomach cancer
mortality rates linked to...
dietary patterns, stress, and adrenaline
normal drinker
drinks on typical circumstances, doesn't have cravings
Alcohol dependent person
drinks daily, doesn't consider self to be hooked, drink too much but believe they can stop if they want to
lost self control, drinks excessively, alcohol dominates life
amount of officers admit to drinking on duty
officers that have a daily minimum dosage of 3 drinks
more officers die yearly by this than those that are killed by criminals
officers who will be separated or divorced in next 3 years
stress management
any attempt to control or reduce the amount of stress someone experiences
witness management units
avoid unpleasantness of waiting for court, reduce handling of witnesses, can call the night before to make sure on schedule
stand by status
officer gives phone # and will be there within 30 minutes of being notified
preventative form of coping, exercise, nutrition, no smoking, combat heart and lung problems
stress inoculation
teach people to recognize the signs of oncoming stress and to counter with relaxation techniques
post shooting trauma
emotional aftermath for an officer who uses fatal force in the line of duty(shock and second-guessing self)
policy guideline
necessary to prevent "unarticulated improvisation"
Alpert and Smith
agency needs a mission statement (guides and explains top priorities)
allegation was false(25%)
incident did take place but officer behaved in a lawful, proper manner(23%)
Not sustained
insufficient evidence to either prove or disprove claim(34%)
available evidence supports the allegation of improper behavior(8%)
Wingarten rules
guidelines formed aimed to protect employees from overzealous employer invasions/intrusions
garity rule
if an officer is the subject of an IA investigation with criminal conduct then a commanding officer cannot order that officer to respond to questions
a wrongful act that one party commits against another person, produces injury or damage
intentional torts
refers to commission of some act that carries reasonable certainty of injury to another party
negligence tort
failure to act reasonably in a situation where it is easy to see than an officers conduct may cause harm to another
studied agency self reports of civil liability lawsuits and found consistencies, departments that embraced community policing and proactive campaigns at hiring minority officers -fewer lawsuits and complaints
old established professions
tradtition careers; doctors, lawer, university professors
new professions
natural and social scientists
occupations, teachers, nurses, and social workers
would be professions
people who would like to gain recognition as professionals but lack important characteristics
marginal professions
people who may work very closely with professionals(paralegals dental techs, lab assistant) they are still in subservient role
code of ethics
emphasizes 2 virtues, integrity and responsibility to clients
dirty work
distasteful tasks that have to get done but most pepople want to avoid doing(embalming and preparing dead body for burial)
purpose is to get better gains through collective bargaining
collective bargaining
process where employer and employees, represented through a recognized union, negotiate a formal written agreement over wages, hours and conditions of employment
blue flu
mass amount of sick calls to HQ and don't report to work as scheduled(type of police strike)
work slowdown
refusal to write parking tickets or refuse to issue traffic citations(police strike)
Ticket blizzard
officers ticket as many motorists as possible and arrest all the minor violators they can find, clutter daily operations of courts, create citizen complaint
thin blue line
symbolizes the balance between democracy and anarchy(police protect peaceful citizens from those who are criminals
a law enforcement agency complies with a number of operational standards that are aimed at fighting crime more effectively, delivering police services more efficiently, promoting better cooperation with other segments of the CJSS and all while maintaining the public's support
vicarious liability
a supervisor is responsible for the actions of employees under his or her supervision
commits the wrongful act against someone
the party that the wrongful act is committed against
the state can revoke a law enforcement officer's license for such things as insubordination, gross immorality, habitual drunkenness, willful neglect of duty, incompetency, or willful misconduct
it is his or her duty to help unfortunate others who are unable to fend for themselves