28 terms

Health 8 - Types of Drugs

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Terms in this set (...)

controlled drug
drug whose possession, manufacture, distribution, and sale are controlled by law
illegal drug use
use of a controlled drug without a prescription
stimulant
group of drugs that creates alertness, raises heart rate, and blood pressure
caffeine
legal drug found in coffee, tea, pop, chocolate, and medicine
caffeinism
kind of poisoning due to heavy caffeine intake. causes difficulty sleeping, anxiety, muscle twitches, restless, headaches
cocaine
highly addictive stimulant obtained from the leaves of the coco bush
crack
purified form of cocaine with effects 10 times greater than cocaine
amphetamines
chemically manufactured stimulant drug an example is ritalin or adderall
methamphetamines
stimulant drugs within the amphetamine family examples are crystal meth and speed
look-alike-drug
tablet or capsule manufactured to resemble amphetamines and mimic their effects
crank
an amphetamine-like stimulant effects last longer than crack or cocaine
sedatives
drugs that have a calming effect of behavior
hypnotic drugs
drugs that promote drowsiness or sleep
barbiturates
type of drug prescribed by physicians to help people sleep sometimes called downers
tranquilizers
sedatives that are prescribed by physicians to treat anxiety examples are Valium and Xanax
narcotics
group of drugs that slow down the central nervous system
morphine
narcotic used to control pain
codeine
narcotic painkiller used to control pain and sometimes used in cough syrup
heroin
an illegal narcotic drug and is never used for medical use it is 3 times stronger than morphine
marijuana
an illegal drug containing THC that impairs short-term memory and changes mood
hallucinogens
group of drugs that interfere with the senses, causing people to see and hear things that aren't real
LSD
hallucinogen that is sold in powder, tablet, or capsule form and the user has a false sense of power that often leads to behavioural deaths
PCP
hallucinogen that can act as a stimulant or depressant
mescaline
hallucinogen made from the peyote cactus plant
MDMA (Ecstasy)
chemically manufactured drug that can interfere with body's ability to regulate temperature. It causes liver, kidney, and heart failure
inhalants
chemicals that when inhaled produce hallucinogenic effects
Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome
unexpected disturbance of the heart's rhythm caused by sniffing inhalants that may cause heart failure
Anabolic steroids
synthetic drug made from the male hormone testosterone. It is used to enhance performance and physical appearance

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