World History: Chapter 2.4 (River Dynasties In China)
World History Patterns Of Interaction River Valley Civilizations Ancient China
Terms in this set (12)
Fine, light silt deposited by wind and water that constitutes the fertile soil of the Yellow River Valley in northern China.
An animal bone or tortoise shell used by ancient Chinese priests to communicate with the gods; the earliest known Chinese writing is found on these ritualistic artifacts.
Mandate Of Heaven
A political theory developed during the Zhou Dynasty of ancient China in which those in power were believed to have the right to rule from divine authority.
The rise and fall of ruling families; In China, a dynasty would remain in power only as long as it was providing good government. When a dynasty went into decline, and began to abuse its power, it was said to lose the Mandate of Heaven, or the favor of the gods. A strong leader would usually emerge to claim the Mandate, and establish a new dynasty.
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land.
The first state to unify most of the Indian subcontinent. It was founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 324 B.C.E. and survived until 184 B.C.E.
Leader of the Mauryan dynasty of India who conquered most of India but eventually gave up violence and converted to Buddhism.
(320-550 CE) The decentralized empire that emerged after the Mauryan Empire and restored Hinduism; founded by Chandra Gupta this was considered the Golden Age of India.
Society in which fathers and husbands had great legal and moral authority.
1045-256 BCE. Lasted longer than any other dynasty in China. Began to use iron instead of bronze and writing improved from ancient forms. Beginnings of Chinese philosophy were founded such as Confucianism and Taoism. Believed in the Mandate of Heaven which said that heaven would grant the Zhou power only as long as the rulers governed wisely.
(221-206 BCE) Shih huang-ti became China's first emperor, unified China, built roads, canals and the great wall.
Also known as the Yellow River, the second longest river in China; the majority of ancient Chinese civilizations originated in its valley.
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