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belief that both heredity and / or chemicals of the body influence criminal behavior
belief that focuses on the psychological aspects of crime, including the associations among intelligence, personality, learning, and criminal behavior
Social Causes of Crime
the belief that influences from social groups/ peers influence criminal behavior
Economic Causes of Crime
the belief that financial successes/failures plays a part in influencing criminal behavior
unlawful killing of another human being with malice aforethought and with premeditation and deliberation
intentional killing committed under extenuating circumstances that mitigate the killing, such as killing in the heat of passion after being provoked
wrongful taking and carrying away of personal property from a person by violence or intimidation
Second Degree Murder
requires the person to have malice aforethought but not premeditation or deliberation
Voluntary or Non-Negligent Manslaughter
killing committed in the heat of passion or during a sudden quarrel that provokes violence
Involuntary or Negligent Manslaughter
killing that occurs when a person's acts are negligent and without regard for the harm they may cause others (like motor vehicle deaths)
Serial murder occurs when one or more individuals commits a second murder and/or subsequent murder; it lacks a relationship (victim and attackers are strangers); occurs at a different time and has no connection to the initial (and subsequent) murder; and is frequently committed in a different geographic location.
a single event with 2 or more locations and no emotional cooling-off period between murders
uses violence to frighten those in power with the ultimate goal to replace the existing government (PLO)
directed at people or groups who oppose this terrorists' political ideology (white supremacy, Waco)
promotes interests of a minority ethnic or religious group that has been persecuted under majority rule
government may actually cause this type against their own people to control them (genocide)
Comprehensive case material, victimology, forensic information, preliminary police report, photographs
homicide type and style, primary intent, victim risk, escalation, time factors, location factors
reconstruction, crime classification, organized vs disorganized, victim selection, sequence of crime, staging, motivation, crime scene dynamics
The Criminal Profile
-demographics, physical characteristics, habits, pre-offensive behavior, post-offensive behavior
the profile is given to investigators and to organizations that may have data leading to the identification of a suspect; profile may be reassessed
The choices an offender makes and the acts an offender committed that establish the theme of the crime; they are committed to satisfy psychological and emotional needs
Low Risk of Becoming a Victim
maybe someone with a steady job (would be missed easily), lots of friends, rarely travels alone
travels alone, out late at night, in contact with drugs or drug users, may be a low priority to police or anyone else checking on them
sexual relationship with a near-relative (parent-child, grandparent-grandchild, sibling-sibling, uncles/aunts/1st or 2nd cousins [but not in every state], step-parents, and half-relatives.
regarded as incurable; may be adult male or female, heterosexual, homosexual, bisexual, married or single; child is object of sexual interest.
Murdered 5 children by drowning in bathtub; plead guilty to charge via insanity and was committed
killed a man in a daycarc parking lot; mentally ill but in prison for life without parole and mental health treatment is available
an environmental psychologist, who was asked by New Scotland Yard in 1985 to integrate investigative and psychological concepts
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