Upgrade to remove ads
Terms in this set (32)
Name 3 pairs major salivary glands?
Where are the 4 minor salivary glands?
submuccous layer of:
lips - labial
cheeks - buccal
palate - palatine
tongue - lingual
Salivary glands can be serous or mucous. Describe?
Serous produces thin, watery saliva
Mucous produces thick mucous saliva
The major glands are compound racemose glands consisting of?
lobules - made up of acini or alveoli
What does the gland resemble?
bunch of grapes
Which gland is the largest? where would you find it? list 5 points
below & slightly infront of the ear
overlaps post border ascending ramus
reaching internally nearly to styloid process
immediately under skin
Where would you find the Stensons duct? describe 3 things
parotid duct runs on surface massester muscle
turns inwards pierces buccinator
opens by papilla in cheek opp upper 2nd molar
Gland is covered by...
Embedded in it is the...
external carotid artery
thin watery saliva
The maxillary artery branches within the gland as does the.....nerve
facial nerve - branches to muscles facial expression
stain dark purple
The parotid saliva contains....which acts on cooked starches and begins the digestion of....
ptyalin - salivary amylase
carbohydrates - breaks into maltose
Where is the submandibular gland situated? (4)
below & inside angle of mandible
in submandibular fossa
under mylohyoid muscle - bulk
above post border of muscle - small part
Which duct arises from the submandibular gland? describe position (3)
Whartons duct -
arises from upper surface
runs above mylohyoid on floor mouth
opens on side frenum of tongue
Secretion of the submandibular gland is?
mixed saliva - both mucous & serous acini
Describe 4 things about acini in the submandibular gland
stain pale pink
serous arranged outside mucous in demilunes/crescents
Which artery is the submandibular gland close to?
crosses lower border of mandible supplies it with branches
Which gland is the smallest of all the glands?
Where is the sublingual gland situated?
anterior part of mouth
under mucous membrane behind anteriors
The sublingual gland is made up of lobules which have a seperate duct with up to how many?
10 on each side of frenum
joining whartons or opening into oral cavity
Name the saliva produced by sublingual gland
Minor salivary glands produce mostly which saliva?
mucous but some serous
Labial glands are situated on the inside of the...
produce what saliva?
inside of the upper & lower lips feel to the tongue like small bumps - produce mucous - sometimes mixed
Palatine glands are situated in the...
produce what saliva?
hard & soft palate
Lingual glands also known as the glands of?
produce which saliva?
area of vallate papillae & tip of tongue undersurface
Buccal gland is situated in?
lots around molar region , few anteriorly
Buccal gland has a nerve supply which is?
parasympathetic & sympathetic
secretion controlled by nervous reflex
stimulus mechanical or chemical (food/acid)
What are conditioned reflexes? associated with buccal gland
thought of food stimulates glands - depends which nerves stimulated & stimuli on saliva amount/compostion
Name 9 functions of saliva?
Brief description of saliva
Colourless, opalescent, sticky, contains mucins which help to lubricate mouth and enzyme salivary amylase breaks down/digests carbohydrates
Saliva pH is?
6.9 - slightly acidic
Average person produces how much saliva?
600ml - dependent on physiological status of pt
Flow rates are lowest during what and highest during what?
eating usually around 3pm
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
ch 23 digestive system
star second week test 2
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
A&P Chapter 16: Digestive System
Digestive System I
Digestive System; Chapter 17
Head and Neck Anatomy - Salivary Glands
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Opoids & Benzodiazipines
Gate Control Theory
NSAIDS - Non steroid inflammatory used for pain co…
Analgesics - paracetamol