Study sets, textbooks, questions
Upgrade to remove ads
Moses and the Exodus: Articles 38-42
Terms in this set (70)
ruler of ancient Egypt
one of the most sacred OT names for God, which he revealed to Moses, translated as "IAM" or "LORD who am"
NIGHT Lord passed over Israelites' houses w/ blood of lamb and spared firstborn sons from death, also FEAST that celebrates the deliverance of the Chosen People from bondage in Egypt and the Exodus from Egypt to the Promised Land
bread-like food that God miraculously provided for the Chosen People during their wandering in the desert
(Decalogue, list of 10 norms, rules of moral behavior) God gave Moses, basis of ethical conduct
covenant established w/ the Israelites @ Mount Sinai that renewed God's covenant w/ Abraham's descendants, establishes Israelites = God's Chosen People
After being welcomed and a period of peaceful living in Egypt, why does Pharaoh enslave the Israelites?
saw increasing number of Israelites as a threat
What action by Pharaoh results in Moses being adopted into the courts of Pharaoh?
Pharaoh ordered the deaths of all male Israelite (Hebrew) babies; hoped to eradicate them
Who finds Moses after his mother puts him in a basket and sends him down the Nile River to save him?
Pharaoh's daughter (princess)
Pharaoh's daughter adopts Moses and raises him in the palace but who does she get to help care for him?
Why does Moses flee to the land of Midian?
feared for life after people knew he killed an Egyptian to defend slave that was being whipped
What do the early years of Moses reveal about God?
mysterious & glorious work of God
During what event does God reveal God's name to Moses?
BURNING BUSH: revealed sacred, divine, name, Yahweh
Moses tending sheep for wife's family near Mt. Horeb
What does God call Moses to be for God?
God's voice of truth and arm of justice
Who assists Moses in standing up to Pharaoh?
What does Egyptian culture consider Pharaoh to be?
What wondrous deed does God do through Moses and Aaron and Pharaoh still won't back down? Why won't Pharaoh back down?
staff into snake
could not let his own perceived divine status be challenged
What does God do to show that God is the true God?
unleashed 10 plagues on Pharaoh and Egypt
What is the purpose of the ten plagues?
dismantle authority of Egypt and bring about Israelites' freedom
What did God direct the Israelites to do on the night of the tenth plague?
-slaughter 1 y/o male lamb (Paschal lamb) & to place lamb's blood on Israelites' door post
-roast lamb and eat w/ bitter herbs and unleavened bread
-Lord would strike down every firstborn human and beast, but pass over Israelites' houses w/ blood (Passover)
The Israelites are commanded to celebrate the Passover meal every year to remind them of what?
escape from slavery through His power
After the tenth plague, Pharaoh sets the Israelites free but then sends his army to pursue them. How do the Israelites escape? What happens to the Egyptians?
-Moses stretched arms out over Red Sea & Lord parted it, and eastern wind, turning it into dry ground
-sea went back into place as Egyptians attempted to cross, drowned
What does the account of the Israelites' escape from Egypt in the Book of Exodus tell?
saving power of God
When the Israelites are in the wilderness, they face less than ideal conditions. What two things do they forget?
1. God's liberating action
2. his promise to protect them even in the darkest times
God does not forget the promises God made to the Israelites. What does God do for them?
hungry: God rained down manna
thirsty: God drew water from a rock
afraid: God protected them
After all God does for the Israelites in the wilderness, do they question the presence of God?
In all their struggles and complaints, the Israelites were forced not only to _____ __________ but also to build a ________ based on trust in _______ _________ _________.
God's saving power
God brought the Israelites from the depths of slavery and called them to what?
new land to be his Chosen People
What does God do at the sacred ground of Mount Sinai?
God formed covenant w/ his chosen people (10 Commandments)
What will govern the people's relationship with God and with one another?
laws & oblig: Ten Commandments
In the Sinai Covenant, what does God declare Godself to be?
their God, God of fidelity, love, justice
In the Sinai Covenant, what must the Israelites be in return to God's promise?
righteous, moral people who live according to his Law
By agreeing to the terms of the Covenant, where will the Israelites dwell and what will they know of God?
whose "mercy is age to age" (forever)
What do the Ten Commandments convey?
God's expectations of his people
What do the Ten Commandments summarize?
Law of God in Torah (books of law, first 5)
What do the Ten Commandments lay the framework for?
-help us build a more just society and teach us how to live in right relationship with God & community
-what it means to be God's people and follow his Covenant
What is the heart of the Ten Commandments?
-reverence and love for God
-love of neighbor
What is the Old Law given to Moses a preparation for?
Gospel, the New Law, revealed through Jesus Christ
Did Jesus come to abolish the Old Covenant and Law?
no, he came to fulfill it
What is the New Law based in?
love of God and neighbor
What does the New Law call us to share freely?
God's love in acts of charity and justice
List the reasons that Scripture gives us as reasons for suffering:
1. punishment for one's sins (or an ancestor's)
2. kind of purification
3. enables us to participate in Jesus' life (who suffered). Likewise, Jesus who understands suffering can be our companion in our pain
4. part of human condition in an imperfect world
5. enables us to experience God in new and unexpected ways
6. suffering is a mystery
T/F: Birth stories often occur in the Bible.
What does a birth story indicate?
person born = important
What Hebrew word does the name Moses come from and does the name "Moses" mean?
"to draw out"
What are the two references to the meaning Moses name?
drawn out of Nile
draws Hebrews out of slavery in Egypt
What is the main theme of the entire Moses tradition?
slavery and liberation of Hebrews
What does Moses intervention in fights between Hebrews and Egyptians show?
-violence will not lead to success for Moses and that Moses will not defeat the Pharaoh or free slaves by force of arms
-God liberates God's people but Moses is God's instrument to bring this about
T/F: Moses meets God in a fiery bush
T: Exodus 3
How does God identify himself?
"I am who I am" comes from Hebrew verb "is" (YAHWEH)
Jewish use Adonai which means LORD
What is the name for God that comes from the Hebrew verb "is"?
What are some of the reasons for Moses' reluctance?
Who am I? (Exodus 3:11)
Who are you? (Exodus 3:13)
They won't believe me. (Exodus 4:1-9)
I'm not a good speaker/send someone else. (Exodus 4:13)
What are the religious truths in the Call of Moses?
-God does not need the mighty, only the willing (not even willing sometimes like Moses)
-Moses finally goes w/ his staff in hand as a reminder that he does not go alone
-through human weakness, God can prove God's strength
List the plagues:
1. blood - Exodus 7:14-25
2. frogs - Exodus 7:14-25
3. gnats - Exodus 8:16-19
4. flies - Exodus 8:20-32
5. livestock - Exodus 9:1-7
6. boils - Exodus 9:8-12
7. hail - Exodus 9:13-35
8. locusts - Exodus 10:1-20
9. darkness - Exodus 10:21-29
10. death of firstborn - Exodus 11:1-12:30
In the Biblical portrayal, who are the plagues directed against?
What are the religious truths of the Plagues?
1. God acts to save His people
2. God wills the liberation of slaves, even when earthly powers (like Pharaoh) seek to oppress
3. God remains faithful to His covenant to make the Israelites his people
What are the religious truths of Passover?
1. The Passover is related to the beg. of story of Moses (when all of the first born Hebrew boys were ordered to be killed)
2. Passover is the night the Lord passed over the houses of the Israelites marked by the blood of the lamb and spared firstborn sons from death
3. Passover is the feast that commemorates the deliverance of the Chosen People from slavery in Egypt and the Exodus from Egypt to the Promised Land
T/F: The people never complained or opposed the leadership of Moses on the way to Mt. Sinai
stories in the book of Exodus of the complaints in the desert
What were some of the murmurs that the Israelites had against Moses?
food - Exodus 16: 1-4
water - Exodus 17:1-3
dangers in desert - Exodus 17:8-16
even wished they were back in Egypt
When do the Israelites become a people who will be saved?
when Israelites made an agreement w/ God and Mt. Sinai (Horab)
What are the two parts to the agreement with God?
liberation from Egypt
learning and keeping responsibilities of the Law
The 10 Commandments summarize the obligations of all who _____ God.
Write out the 10 Commandments:
1. You shall not have other Gods before me.
2. You shall not take the name of the Lord, Your God in vain.
3. Remember to keep holy the Sabbath.
4. Honor your father and mother.
5. You shall not kill.
6. You shall not commit adultery.
7. You shall not steal.
8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
9. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife.
10. You shall not covet your neighbor's goods.
(look at SG)
What are the three different collections of the Law in the "Books of Moses"?
1. the Covenant Code
3. The Deuteronomic Code
3. Levitical Code (Priestly)
Define Punitive Justice:
laws that rely on punishment as a deterrent to criminal activity
Define Restorative Justice:
laws that are concerned primarily w/ restoring community after an offense occurred.
goal: keep community together, as the survival of the society depended upon everyone fulfilling role
Who were the last words of Moses directed to?
Jews in Exile as approached Canaan
What does Moses remind people to do?
keep covenant God made w/ them @ Mt. Sinai
Some scholars believe the five books of Moses end while ______________________. They are laws for _____________, like all people are throughout their lives.
"we are still in the wilderness"
Sets with similar terms
Unit 4 Test Study Guide
Chapter 9 Religion Quiz
Exodus 1-20 Quiz
Hill semester exam
Sets found in the same folder
Joshua and Judges: Articles 43-44
Monarchy and Prophets - Articles 45-50
Chapter 1: Written on our hearts
Morality chapter 1
Other sets by this creator
AP Lit Brown Book
Recommended textbook solutions
John Lund, Paul S. Vickery, P. Scott Corbett, Todd Pfannestiel, Volker Janssen
Ways of the World: A Global History
Robert W. Strayer
America's History for the AP Course
Eric Hinderaker, James A. Henretta, Rebecca Edwards, Robert O. Self
The Language of Composition: Reading, Writing, Rhetoric
Lawrence Scanlon, Renee H. Shea, Robin Dissin Aufses
Other Quizlet sets
Cengage Chapter 19-Wigs and Hair Additions
How is Jesus related to God the Father?
What four criteria does Dean Flemming suggest should guide us as we consider the possibilities and parameters of a category of difference?
How did saul fail as a king?
What happened in the resurrection of Jesus?