Flashcards: AP Human Geography Barron's Book AP Exam Vocabulary Chapter 3: Cultural Geography
Chapter 3: Geography,Cultural Geography Vocabulary of AP Human Geography Barron's Book, 2012 4th Edition
Terms in this set (62)
The adoption of cultural traits, such as language, by one group under the influence of another.
Most prevalent in Africa and the Americas, doctrine in which the world is seen as being infused with spiritual and even supernatural powers.
Any item that represents a material aspect of a culture.
System of belief that seeks to explain ultimate realities for all people- such as the nature of suffering and the path toward self realization.
System n India that gives every Indian a particular place in the social hierarchy from birth. Individuals may improve the position they inherit in the caste system in their next life through their actions, or karma. After many lives of good karma, they may be relieved from the cycle of life and win their place in heaven.
The world's most widespread religion. Christianity is a monotheistic, universalizing religion that uses missionaries to expand its members worldwide. The three major categories of Christianity are Roman Catholic, Protestant, and Eastern Orthodox.
A pidgin that evolves to the point that it becomes the primary language to the people who speak it.
The group of traits that define a particular culture.
Obliteration of an entire culture by war, disease, acculturation or a combination of the three.
The subfield of human geography that looks at how cultures vary over space.
Locations on Earth's surface where specific cultures first arose.
The dominance of one culture over another.
The specific customs that are part of the everyday life of a particular culture, such as language, religion, ethnicity, social institutions, and aspects of popular culture.
A total way of life held in common by a group of people, including learned features such as language, ideology, behavior, technology, and government.
Practices followed by the people of a particular cultural group.
A particular religious, usually associated with differing Protestant belief systems.
Geographically distinct versions of a single language that vary somewhat from the parent form.
People who come from a common ethic background but who live in different regions outside of the home of their ethnicity.
The proportion of the earth inhabited by humans.
A doctrine that claims that cultural traits are formed and controlled by environmental conditions.
A constructed international auxiliary language incorporating aspects of numerous linguistic traditions to create a universal means of communication.
The systematic attempt to remove al people of a particular ethnicity from a country or region either by forced migration or genocide.
An area within a city containing members of the same ethnic background.
Religion that is identified with a particular ethnic or tribal group and does not seek new converts.
Refers to a group of people who share a common identity.
Religion in which an effort is made to spread a particular belief system.
Refers to a constellation of cultural practices that form the sights, smells, sounds, and rituals of everyday existence in the traditional societies in which they developed.
The strict adherence to a particular doctrine.
A premeditated effort to kill everyone from a particular ethnic group.
A segregated ethnic area within a city.
Religion in which members are numerous and widespread and their doctrines might appeal to different people from any religion of the globe.
A cohesive and unique society, most prevalent in India, that integrates spiritual beliefs with daily practices and official institutions such as the caste system.
Language family including the Germanic and Romance languages that is spoken by about 50% of the world population.
A monotheistic religion based on the belief that there is one God, Allah, and that Muhammad was Allah's prophet. Islam is based in the ancient city of Mecca, Saudi Arabia, the birthplace of Muhammad.
Geographical boundary lines where different linguistic features meet.
The first major monotheistic religion. It is based on a sense of ethnic identity, and it's adherents tend to form tight-knit communities wherever they live.
This occurs when a language is no longer in use by any living people. Thousands of languages have become extinct over the eons since language first developed, but the process of language extinction has accelerated greatly during the last 300 years.
A collection of many languages, all of which came from the same tongue long ago, that have since evolved different characteristics.
A set of languages with a relatively recent common origin and many similar characteristics.
An extremely simple language that combines aspects of two or more other, more-complex languages usually used for quick and efficient communication.
The ability to read and write.
A set of common experiences or customs that shape the identity of a place and the people who live there. Local cultures are often the subjects of preservation or economic development efforts.
Religions that are spiritually bound to particular regions.
A racial or ethnic group smaller than and differing from the majority race or ethnicity in a particular area or region.
A person of particular faith that travels in order to recruit new members into the faith represented.
The worship of only one god.
Having to do with many cultures.
Language in which all government business occurs in a country.
Language that may develop when two groups of people with different languages meet. The pidgin has some characteristics of each language.
A journey to a place of religious importance.
A multilingual state.
The worship of more than one god.
Pop Culture ( Popular Culture)
Dynamic culture based in a large, heterogeneous societies permitting considerable individualism, innovation, and change; having a money-based economy, division of labor into professions, secular institutions of control, and weak interpersonal ties, and producing and consuming machine-made goods.
A group of humans being distinguished by physical traits, blood types, genetic code patterns or genetically inherited characteristics.
Any of the languages derived from Latin including Italian, Spanish, French, and Romanian.
The single person who takes on the roles of priest, counselor, and physician and acts as a conduit to the supernatural world in a shamanist culture.
Language area that spreads through most of the Southeast Asia and China and is comprised of Chinese, Burmese, Tibetan, Japanese, and Korean.
Traditions that borrow from both the past and present.
Place names given to certain features on the land such as settlements, terrain features, and streams.
A cohesive collection of customs within a cultural group.
The expansion of cultural traits through diffusion, adoption, and other related processes.
Religion that seeks to unite people from all over the globe.
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