Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account


enforceable rules of conduct in a society


laws grouped into an organized form

common law

law based on current standards or customs of the people

positive law

law based on the dictates of a central political authority


power of a court to decide a case


basic fairness


document that sets forth the framework of a government and its relationship to the people it governs


laws enacted by state or federal legislatures


legislation enacted by a town, city, or county board or commission

case law

made when appellate (pertaining to appeals) court endorses a rule to be used in deciding court cases

stare decisis

doctrine that requires lower courts to follow existing case law in deciding similar cases; "let the decision stand"

administrative agencies

government bodies formed to carry out particular laws

civil law

group of laws used to provide remedy for wrongs against individuals

criminal law

group of laws that defines and sets punishments for offenses against society

procedural law

group of laws that define the methods for enforcing legal rights and duties

substantive law

group of laws that define rights and duties


powerful leader or authority


panel of citizens sworn by a court to decide issues of fact in court cases (unique to common law system)


court order for a person to do or not do a particular act

constitutional law

law made when fundamental, supreme law of the land is adopted, amended or interpreted

Bill of Rights

first ten amendments to the U.S. Constitution

interstate commerce

trade and other commercial intercourse between or among businesses in different states

intrastate commerce

commerce conducted wholly within one state


punishable offense against society


practice of deciding what is right or wrong in a reasoned, impartial manner

civil disobedience

open, peaceful, violation of a law to protest its alleged, or supposed, injustice

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording