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23 terms

Government

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government
a system of laws and leaders that help keep people safe and protect their rights
popular sovereignty
the power and authority of the government comes from the people
constitution
the highest law of our land and the document that describes how our government is organized
Preamble
introduction to the constitution
laws
statements that define how citizens should behave
rule of law
principle that everyone, including government officials, must obey the laws
separation of powers
power is separated, or divided, among three branches of government
Branches of Government
Three different sections in government
Legislative Branch
Makes the laws
Judicial Branch
Interprets the laws or decides what laws mean
Executive Branch
Enforces the laws or carries them out
Articles
Parts of the Constitution
Checks and Balances
The way in which different branches of government keep the others from having too much power
Veto
When the president turns down a bill or refused to sign it into a law
Override
When Congress votes to cancel a presidents veto
Limited Government
The government can only do what the people have given them power to do
Federalism
Power is divided between Federal (National) and State Governments
Federal Government
The government of our entire country (Also known as National Government)
State Governments
Governments of each state
Individual Rights
Things each person is able to have or do
Amendment
A change or addition to the Constitution
Bill of Rights
First 10 Amendments, or additions, to the Constitution
Limited Government
The government can do only what the people give it power to do