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a system of laws and leaders that help keep people safe and protect their rights

popular sovereignty

the power and authority of the government comes from the people


the highest law of our land and the document that describes how our government is organized


introduction to the constitution


statements that define how citizens should behave

rule of law

principle that everyone, including government officials, must obey the laws

separation of powers

power is separated, or divided, among three branches of government

Branches of Government

Three different sections in government

Legislative Branch

Makes the laws

Judicial Branch

Interprets the laws or decides what laws mean

Executive Branch

Enforces the laws or carries them out


Parts of the Constitution

Checks and Balances

The way in which different branches of government keep the others from having too much power


When the president turns down a bill or refused to sign it into a law


When Congress votes to cancel a presidents veto

Limited Government

The government can only do what the people have given them power to do


Power is divided between Federal (National) and State Governments

Federal Government

The government of our entire country (Also known as National Government)

State Governments

Governments of each state

Individual Rights

Things each person is able to have or do


A change or addition to the Constitution

Bill of Rights

First 10 Amendments, or additions, to the Constitution

Limited Government

The government can do only what the people give it power to do

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