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66 terms

Early Americas

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Empire stretches from central Mexico to south to the northern part of Central America
Maya
Lived in hot, dense tropical rainforests
Maya
Grew a variety of crops including squash, beans, avocados, and maize(corn)
Maya
Hunted deer, rabbits, and monkeys
Maya
Small cities eventually turned in t small city-states
Maya
Reached its height between AD 250 and 900
Maya
Empire included more than 40 large cities
Maya
Trade helped hold civilization together
Maya
Each city-state had its own king and government
Maya
Cit of Palenque - King was Pacal
Maya
Held highest position in society
Maya
Priests, merchants, and novels were also part of the upper class
Maya
Most people in this empire belonged to the lower class
Maya
Worshipped many gods
Maya
On special occasions, made human sacrifices for the gods
Maya
Built observatories to study the stars
Maya
Made 2 calendars
Maya
Cane up with a symbol for the number zero
Maya
Skilled mathmeticians
Maya
Developed a complex writing system similar to hieroglyphics
Maya
Wrote in bark paper books
Maya
Civilization began to collapse in the AD 900s
Maya
Decline of civilization was unknown but was thought to decline because of natural disasters
Maya
Were farmers
Aztec
Settled on a swampy island in the middle of Lake Texcoco
Aztec
By the 1400s they ruled the met power in Mesoamerica
Aztec
Had causeways-raised roads across water or wet ground
Aztec
The main city was Tenochtitlan
Aztec
Built canals
Aztec
Created floating gardens called chinampas because of limited farming land on their island
Aztec
Emperor and nobles had the highest position
Aztec
Warriors and priests were under the nobles and emperor
Aztec
Under the warriors and priests were the merchants and artisans
Aztec
The lowest level under the warriors and priests were the farmers and laborers who made up most of the population
Aztec
Believed in many gods
Aztec
Priests regularly made human sacrifices to please the gods
Aztec
Studied astronomy and devised a calendar much like the Mayas
Aztec
Conquered by Cortes
Aztec
Emperor was Moctezuma II
Aztec
Moctezuma II though Cortez was the God who promised to return in 1519 win the Spanish conquistadors and Cortez arrived
Aztec
In1521 they surrendered
Aztec
Empire arose in South America
Inca
Began a small tribe in the Andes
Inca
Capital was Cuzco in what is now Peru
Inca
In the mid-1400s a ruler named Pachacuti expanded the empire
Inca
Empire stretched from modern Equador to Central Chile
Inca
Official language was Quechua
Inca
People paid taxes in a form of labor rather than money. The labor tax system was called the mita
Inca
No merchants or markets
Inca
Common people had little personal freedom
Inca
Society had two main social classes, the emperor, priests and government made up the upper class while the farmers, artisan, and servant made up the lover class
Inca
There were o slaves because they did not practice slavery
Inca
Grew maize and peanuts
Inca
Carved terraces into the hillside to farm
Inca
Raised llamas for meat and wool
Inca
Cerimonies often included human sacrafices
Inca
Great builders known for their masonry
Inca
Built a network of roads while two main highways ran throughout the whole city connecting all of the roads
Inca
Made some of the finest textiles
Inca
Had no writing system so they kept records with knotted cords called quipus
Inca
Conquered by Pizarro
Inca
Civil war began in the 1520s after the death of a ruler
Pizarro's conquering
the ruler had two sons, Athaualpa and Huscar
Pizarro's conquering
Athaualupa won the war in 1532
Pizarro's conquering
Whwn Athaualupa was getting crowned king, about 180 of Pizarro's soldiers defeated them
Pizarro's conquering
In 1537 Pizarro defeated the last of the empire
Inca