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Romantic Music Era
Terms in this set (40)
Polish cart, pulled by oxen; Hartmann; Pictures at an Exhibition; Euphonium
(1803 - 1869) French composer; concept of fixed idea; Symphonie Fantastique
a nonconformist writer or artist who lives an unconventional life
Ludwig van Beethoven
German composer and pianist. A major figure in the transition between the Classical and Romantic eras, he was deaf but still one of the known musicians around the world
piano virtuoso who had 8 kids with Robert, a good composer but didn't write much
A nineteenth-century Polish romantic composer who spent most of his career in France. He is known for his expressive piano pieces; he composed almost exclusively for that instrument.
a small percussive keyboard instrument using hammers to strike metal bars, thereby producing a bright, bell-like sound
a bass horn (brass wind instrument) that is the tenor of the tuba family; Bydlo
An etude is a short, tricky tune that a musician plays mainly for practice or to demonstrate skill. Many etudes are meant to be played on the piano; Chopin
by Franz Schubert-ex of art song-accompaniment with galloping horses then narrator "Wer reit"
Beethoven's Even Symphonies
major, more subdued; example 6th -Pastoral
one scene from Pictures at an Exhibition; angry, minor
Great Gate of Kiev
Hartmans sketch for the city gates in an ancient, massive, Russian style
Gretchen at the Spinning Wheel
Lied by Schubert, left hand sounds like a spinning wheel, song about love, at one point gets lost in thoughts of lover
Hut on Fowl's Legs
Hartmann's work of the Baba Yaga's House
Schubert's composition, without preparation, offhand, suddenly or hastily done; wrote many of these
"Fixed Idea", a term coined by Berlioz for a recurring musical idea that links different movements of a work.
German "art songs" like those composed by Schubert
A book written by Victor Hugo. It is based on the French Revolution. It was turned into a movie & musical. Its themes were forgiveness, reputation & love. A convict was shown forgiveness by a priest & he turned his life around. In the end, his bad re[ follows him.
Russian 19th century composer, part of a group "The Five." wanted to create a Russian music identity
This group of Russian Nationalists included Balakirev, Borodin, Cui, Rimsky-Korsakov, and Mussorgsky
March to the Scaffold
fourth movement of Symphonie Fantastique
Night on Bald Mountain
Symphonic fantasy by Modest Musorgsky. Inspired by the witches' sabbath in Nikolay Gogol's story St John's Eve. He revised it as a choral piece for inclusion in the opera Mlada (1872), and again revised it as a choral introduction to Act III of Sorochintsy Fair (1874-80). This final version was freely revised and orchestrated by Rimsky-Korsakov, and though it is the most well known, it is no longer really Musorgsky's.
night pieces, romantic, slow and dramatic, love and nighttime.
Beethoven's Odd Symphonies
minor; angry; more intense; Example No 5. "Fate's at the Door"
a person with exceptional talents at a young age
A stroll or walk; Mussorgsky's Pictures
means Polish; Composition in triple meter with a stately character, often for piano solo; originally a Polish court dance
an introduction; that which comes before or leads off
What famous pianist/composer ruined his right hand by practicing with an invention designed to make his 4th and 5th fingers completely independent (he pulled a tendon)? He was thus forced to end his performing career and take up as a composer and one of the first music critics.
(1797 - 1828) Viennese composer; wrote over 600 leider; Ave Maria
Composers unified a group of songs by poem or theme;
Die schöne Müllerin, Winterreise, Schwanengesang
program symphony. idee fixe; Berlioz composed this symphony in an attempt to express his obsession for Harriet Smithson
(Italian for "joke") a rapid, jovial work in triple meter often used in place of the minuet as the third movement in a string quartet or symphony
NOT a member of the Russian 5;
Important Russian composer whose works are noted for their expressive melodies "1812 Overture" and "The Nutcracker"
Russian architect and painter. part of Russian Revival. close friend of Modest Mussorgsky but died of brain aneurysm at age 39
(1802-1885) French writer, an exponent in the French Romantic movement, best known poems were La Légende des siècles and Les Contemplations, best known novels- Hunchback of Notre-Dame and Les Miserables
a brilliant performer; a person with masterly skill or technique
Bizarre, morbid piece. Example of program music; Movement 5 Symphonie Fantastique
Beethoven's 6th Symphony or Third Movement of Symphonie Fantastique
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