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40 terms

health chapter 8

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hunger
the body's pysical response to the need for food, triggered by signals in your body
appetite
is a desire rather than a need to eat a certain type of food
What is the right breakfast?
a mixture of carbs protein and some fat
the minimum amount of energy needed to keep you alive when you are in a rested fasting state?
basal metabolic rate
what is the intake with energy used?
balancing energy
health amount of body fat for young women is?
20-30%
health amount of body fat for young men is?
12-20%
what is overweight?
heavy for his or her height
what is obesity?
excess of body fat for ones weight
a person is obese if he or she weighs more than ____ above their recommed range
20%
___________ and _____ pose the great risk to health
Physical Inactivity and poor diet
what is the porportion of body weight that is made up of fat tissue compared to bone and muscle?
body composition
skinfold thickness is measured by an instrument call a ?
caliper
an index of weight in relation to height that is used to assess healthy body weight
body mass index
adults are said to have a healthy body weight if their BMI is between?
18.5-25
overweight people have a BMI of?
25.1-29.9
Obese people have a BMI of?
30 or more
_____ is a program of sensible eating and exercise habits that will help keep weight at a healthy level
weight management
teens need at least ____ of moderate activity daily
60 mins
the goals for weight loss is to?
lose fat without losing muscle
diet that requires major changes in your eating habits and promises quick results?
fad diet
abnormal eating patterns may include?
never eating enough, dietubg excessively, eating only certain types of food, or eating too much
conditions that invole an unhealthy degree of concern about _____ and ____that may lead to efforts to control weight by _____
body weight and shape..and unhealthy means
how youu see and feel about your appearance and how comfortable you are with your body is ?
body image
an eatign disorder that involes self-stan a distorted body image, and low body weight
anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder in which an individual repeatedly eats large amounts of food and then uses behavior such as vomiting or uses laxatives
bulimia nervosa
eating a large amount of food in one sitting
bingeing
behavior that involves vomiting or misusing laxatives to get rid of food
purging
people who are at risk are people who?
perfer to eat alone, overly critical about body size, often think about food, weigh themselves everyday, and eat a lot of diet foods
professional help from _____ ______ and ______ is essential to manage and recover from an eating disorder
Physicians, psychologists, and nutritonistis
what is caused by stomach acid leaking into the esophagus
heartburn
are open sores in the lining of the stomach or intestine
ulcers
produced when bacteria living in the large intestine breaks down undigested food
gas
frequent watery stool?
diarrhea
abnormal response to a food that is triggered by the body
food allergies
what are 4 symptoms of food allergies?
upset stomach hives difficulty breathing and body aches
reduced ability to digest the milk sugar, lactose
lactose intolerance
what is an illness caused by eating or drinking a food that contains a toxin or disease
food-borne illness
the transfer of contaminants from one food to another
cross-contamination
to reduce the risk of food borne illness in the kitchen
replace dishcloths, keep refrigerator at 41F, wasg cooking utensils in warm water, and cook food to the recommended temp.