20 terms

AP European History Chapter 27

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Mao Zedong
He was the leader of the Chinese Communist Party. He declared the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 and supported the chinese peasantry throughout his life.
Senator Joseph McCarthy
During the 1950's Wisconsin senator claimed to have list of communists in the American government but no credible evidence; he took advantage of fears of communism post WWII and became incredibly influential; "Mccarthyism" was the fearful accusation of any dissenters of being communists during a period known as the Red Scare.
Wladyslaw Gomulka
Poland's first secretary of state who agreed that Poland would stay loyal to the Warsaw Pact but made sure that the Soviets would allow Poland to have its own socialist government independent of Moscow.
Janos Kadar
A Hungarian leader who gained power after the Soviets regained power in 1956. He was able to save some of the economic reforms of the former leader.
The Warsaw Pact
In 1955 the Soviet Union joined with Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania, in a formal military alliance. It was too counter NATO.
NATO
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization which was an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country ( most likely communist countries or the Soviet Union). NATO consisted of the U.S., England, France, Canada,and other Western European countries.
The Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962
This was a 13 day confrontation between the Soviet Union and Cuba against the U.S which almost resulted in a nuclear war. During the cold war, the U.S. wanted to end the Cuban regime but found out the Soviet Union was building nuclear bases for them which could easily hit the United States.
The Tonkin Gulf Resolution
After 2 attacks by Naval forces from Vietnam against the U.S., U.S was more involved. The president Lyndon B. Johnson gained great power in Vietnam. It authorized the president to take all necessary steps to defend U.S. forces in Vietnam. Congress gave Johnson a blank check to take "all necessary measures."
Leonid Brezhnev
He came into power after Nikita Khrushchev and became leader of the soviet communist party in 1964.
SALT II
It is the second strategic arms limitations talks. A treaty was signed to cut back the weaponry of the U.S. and the u.s.s.r. because it was getting too competitive. It set limits on the number of weapons produced.
The Muslim League
A nationalist group created by Muslims in India that called for self-government. They also wanted to protect Muslim rights. They aided in the formation of Pakistan.
The Balfour Declaration
A statement of British support from Arthur Balfour for a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
The Suez Canal
A man-made waterway cutting through the isthmus of suez; it connects the Red Sea and the Mediterranean. It is very valuable because it has allowed transportation from Europe and Asia without having to go around Africa.
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Arab leader who wanted to modernize Egypt and end Western domination. He nationalized the Suez Canal, led two wars against the zionist state and became a symbol of independence and pride.
The Baghdad Pact of 1955
A defensive organization similar to NATO and SEATO to help prevent communist incursions, and promote peace in the Middle East. It was founded by Turkey, Great Britain, Iraq, Pakistan, and Iran.
Harold Macmillan
British prime minister who was from the conservative party. He rebuilt the "special relationship" with U.S. after the Suez crisis.
The National Liberation Front
They were the Vietcong (communist group) that started North Vietnam. They emphasized nationalism over revolutions.
Kikuyus and the Mao Mao Rebellion
This military conflict in Kenya involved the Kikuyu anti-colonial group called Mau Mau and with help from the British and an anti-Mau Mau Kikuyu group. This conflict helped kenya gain its independence.
Jomo Kenyatta
A nationalist leader who fought to end oppressive laws against Africans. He helped Kenya gain its independence and later became its first prime minister.
Colonel Mobutu Sese Seko
He became President of the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1965. He formed an authoritarian regime. He was anti-communist and wanted to purge his country of any colonial influences.