9 terms

Combining Form, Suffix, Prefix & Meaning

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a-, an- no; not; without
ab- away from
abdomin/o abdomen
-ac pertaining to
acanth/o spiny; thorny
acetabul/o acetabulum (hip socket)
acous/o hearing
acr/o extremities; top; extreme point
acromi/o acromion (extension of shoulder bone)
actin/o light
acu/o sharp; severe; sudden
-acusis hearing
ad- toward
aden/o gland
adenoid/o adenoids
adip/o fat
adren/o adrenal gland
adrenal/o adrenal gland
aer/o air
af- toward
agglutin/o clumping; sticking together
-agon to assemble, gather
agora- marketplace
-agra excessive pain
-al pertaining to
alb/o white
albin/o white
albumin/o albumin (protein)
alges/o sensitivity to pain
-algesia sensitivity to pain
-algia pain
all/o other
alveol/o alveolus; air sac; small sac
ambly/o dim; dull
-amine nitrogen compound
amni/o amnion (sac surrounding the embryo)
amyl/o starch
an/o anus
-an pertaining to
ana- up; apart; backward; again, anew
andr/o male
aneurysm/o aneurysm (widened blood vessel)
angi/o vessel (blood)
anis/o unequal
ankyl/o stiff
ante- before; forward
anter/o front
anthrac/o coal
anthr/o antrum of the stomach
anti- against
anxi/o uneasy; anxious
aort/o aorta (largest artery)
-apheresis removal
aphth/o ulcer
apo- off, away
aponeur/o aponeurosis (type of tendon)
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
aque/o water
-ar pertaining to
-arche beginning
arter/o artery
arteri/o artery
arteriol/o arteriole (small artery)
arthr/o joint
-arthria articulate (speak distinctly)
articul/o joint
-ary pertaining to
asbest/o asbestos
-ase enzyme
-asthenia lack of strength
atel/o incomplete
ather/o plaque (fatty substance)
-ation process; condition
atri/o atrium (upper heart chamber)
audi/o hearing
audit/o hearing
aur/o ear
auricul/o ear
auto- self, own
axill/o armpit
azot/o urea; nitrogen
bacill/o bacilli (bacteria)
bacteri/o bacteria
balan/o glans penis
bar/o pressure; weight
bartholin/o Bartholin glands
bas/o base; opposite of acid
bi- two
bi/o life
bil/i bile; gall
bilirubin/o bilirubin
-blast embryonic; immature
-blastoma immature tumor (cells)
blephar/o eyelid
bol/o cast; throw
brachi/o arm
brachy- short
brady- slow
bronch/o bronchial tube
bronchi/o bronchial tube
bronchiol/o bronchiole
bucc/o cheek
bunion/o bunion
burs/o bursa (sac of fluid near joints)
byssin/o cotton dust
cac/o bad
calc/o calcium
calcane/o calcaneus (heel bone)
calci/o calcium
cali/o calyx
calic/o calyx
capillar/o capillary (tiniest blood vessel)
capn/o carbon dioxide
-capnia carbon dioxide
carcin/o cancerous; cancer
cardi/o heart
carp/o wrist bones (carpals)
cata- down
caud/o tail; lower part of body
caus/o burn; burning
cauter/o heat; burn
cec/o cecum (first part of the colon)
-cele hernia
celi/o belly; abdomen
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
cephal/o head
cerebell/o cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cerumin/o cerumen
cervic/o neck; cervix (neck of uterus)
-chalasia relaxation
-chalasis relaxation
cheil/o lip
chem/o drug; chemical
-chezia defecation; elimination of wastes
chir/o hand
chlor/o green
chlorhydr/o hydrochloric acid
chol/e bile; gall
cholangi/o bile vessel
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
cholesterol/o cholesterol
chondr/o cartilage
chore/o dance
chori/o chorion (outermost membrane of the fetus)
chorion/o chorion
choroid/o choroid layer of eye
chrom/o color
chron/o time
chym/o to pour
cib/o meal
-cide killing
-cidal pertaining to killing
cine/o movement
cirrh/o orange-yellow
cis/o to cut
-clasis to break
-clast to break
claustr/o enclosed space
clavicul/o clavicle (collar bone)
-clysis irrigation; washing
coagul/o coagulation (clotting)
-coccus (-cocci, pl.) berry-shaped bacterium
coccyg/o coccyx (tailbone)
cochle/o cochlea (inner part of ear)
col/o colon (large intestine)
coll/a glue
colon/o colon (large intestine)
colp/o vagina
comat/o deep sleep
comi/o to care for
con- together, with
coni/o dust
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva (lines the eyelids)
-constriction narrowing
contra- against; opposite
cor/o pupil
core/o pupil
corne/o cornea
coron/o heart
corpor/o body
cortic/o cortex, outer region
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
cras/o mixture; temperament
crin/o secrete
-crine secrete; separate
-crit to separate
cry/o cold
crypt/o hidden
culd/o cul-de-sac
-cusis hearing
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
cycl/o ciliary body of eye; cycle; circle
-cyesis pregnancy
cyst/o urinary bladder; cyst; sac of fluid
cyt/o cell
-cyte cell
-cytosis condition of cells; slight increase in numbers
dacry/o tear
dacryoaden/o tear gland
dacryocyst/o tear sac; lacrimal sac
dactyl/o fingers; toes
de- lack of; down; less; removal of
dem/o people
dent/i tooth
derm/o skin
-derma skin
dermat/o skin
desicc/o drying
-desis to bind, tie together
dia- complete; through
diaphor/o sweat
-dilation widening; stretching; expanding
dipl/o double
dips/o thirst
dist/o far; distant
dors/o back (of body)
dorsi- back
-dote to give
-drome to run
duct/o to lead, carry
duoden/o duodenum
dur/o dura mater
-dynia pain
dys- bad; painful; difficult; abnormal
-eal pertaining to
ec- out; outside
echo- reflected sound
-ectasia stretching; dialation; expansion
-ectasis stretching; dialation; expansion
ecto- out; outside
-ectomy removal; excision; resection
-edema swelling
-elasma flat plate
electr/o electricity
em- in
-ema condition
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood condition
-emic pertaining to blood condition
emmetr/o in due measure
en- in; within
encephal/o brain
endo- in; within
enter/o intestines (usually small intestine)
eosin/o red; rosy; dawn-colored
epi- above; upon;/ on
epididym/o epididymis
epiglott/o epiglottis
episi/o vulva (external female genitalia)
epitheli/o skin; epithelium
equin/o horse
-er one who
erg/o work
erythem/o flushed; redness
erythr/o red
-esis condition
eso- inward
esphag/o esophagus
esthes/o nervous sensation (feeling)
esthesi/o nervous sensation
-esthesia nervous sensation
estr/o female
ethm/o sieve
eti/o cause
eu- good; normal
-eurysm widening
ex- out; away from
exanthemat/o rash
exo- out; away from
extra- outside
faci- face
fasci/o fascia (membrane supporting muscles)
femor/o femur (thigh bone)
-ferent to carry
fibr/o fiber
fibros/o fibrous connective tissue
fibul/o fibula
-fication process of making
-fida split
flex/o to bend
fluor/o luminous
follicul/o follicle; small sac
-form resembling; in the shape of
fung/i fungus; mushroom
furc/o forking; branching
-fusion to pour; to come together
galact/o milk
ganglion/o ganglion; collection of nerve cell bodies
gastr/o stomach
-gen producing; forming
-genesis producing; forming
-genic produced by or in
ger/o old age
gest/o pregnancy
gester/o pregnancy
gingiv/o gum
glauc/o gray
gli/o glue; neuroglial tissue (supportive tissue of nervous system)
-globin protein
-globulin protein
glomerul/o glomerulus
gloss/o tongue
gluc/o glucose; sugar
glyc/o glucose; sugar
glycogen/o glycogen; animal starch
glycos/o glucose; sugar
gnos/o knowledge
gon/o seed
gonad/o sex glands
goni/o angle
-grade to go
-gram record
granul/o granule (s)
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
gravid/o pregnancy
-gravida pregnant woman
gynec/o woman; female
hallucin/o hallucination
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
hemi- half
hemoglobin/o hemoglobin
hepat/o liver
herni/o hernia
-hexia habit
hidr/o sweat
hist/o tissue
histi/o tissue
home/o sameness; unchanging; constant
hormon/o hormone
humer/o humerus (upper arm bone)
hydr/o water
hyper- above; excessive
hypn/o sleep
hypo- sleep
hypophys/o pituitary gland
hyster/o uterus; womb
-ia condition
-iac pertaining to
-iasis abnormal condition
iatr/o physician; treatment
-ic pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
ichthy/o dry; scaly
-icle small
idi/o unknown; individual; district
ile/o ileum
ili/o ilium
immun/o immune; protection; safe
in- in; into; not
-in, -ine a substance
-ine pertaining to
infra- below; inferior to; beneath
inguin/o groin
insulin/o insulin (pancreatic hormone)
inter- between
intra- within; into
iod/o iodine
ion/o ion; to wander
-ion process
-ior pertaining to
ipsi- same
ir- in
ir/o iris (colored portion of eye)
irid/o iris (colored portion of eye)
is/o same; equal
isch/o to hold back; back
ischi/o ischium (part of hip bone)
-ism process; condition
-ist specialist
-itis inflammation
-ium structure; tissue
jaund/o yellow
jejun/o jejunum
kal/i potassium
kary/o nucleus
kerat/o horny, hard; cornea
kern- nucleus (collection of nerve cells in the brain)
ket/o ketones; acetones
kenton/o ketones; acetones
kines/o movement
kinesi/o movement
-kinesia movement
-kinesis movement
klept/o to steal
kyph/o humpback
labi/o lip
lacrim/o tear; tear duct; lacrimal duct
lact/o milk
lamin/o lamina (part of vertebral arch)
lapar/o abdominal wall; abdomen
-lapse to slide, fall, sag
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
later/o side
leiomy/o smooth (visceral) muscle
-lemma sheath, covering
-lepsy seizure
lept/o thin, slender
-leptic to seize, take hold of
leth/o death
leuk/o white
lex/o word; phrase
-lexia word; phrase
ligament/o ligament
lingu/o tongue
lip/o fat; lipid
-listhesis slipping
lith/o stone; calculus
-lithiasis condition of stones
-lithotomy incision (for removal) of a stone
lob/o lobe
log/o study of
-logy study of
lord/o curve; swayback
-lucent to shine
lumb/o lower back; loin
lute/o yellow
lux/o to slide
lymph/o lymph
lymphaden/o lymph gland (node)
lymphangi/o lymph vessel
-lysis breakdown; separation; destruction; loosening
-lytic to reduce, destroy; separate; breakdown
macro- large
mal- bad
-malacia softening
malleol/o malleolus
mamm/o breast
mandibul/o mandible (lower jaw bone)
-mania obsessive preoccupation
mast/o breast
mastoid/o mastoid process (behind the ear)
maxill/o maxilla (upper jaw bone)
meat/o meatus (opening)
medi/o middle
mediastin/o mediastinum
medull/o medulla (inner section); middle; soft, marrow
mega- large
-megaly enlargement
melan/o black
men/o menses; menstruation
mening/o meninges (membranes covering the spinal cord and brain)
meningi/o meninges
ment/o mind; chin
meso- middle
meta- change; beyond
metacarp/o metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o metatarsals (foot bones)
-meter measure
metr/o uterus (womb); measure
metri/o uterus (womb)
mi/o smaller; less
micro- small
-mimetic mimic; copy
-mission to send
mon/o one; single
morph/o shape; form
mort/o death
-mortem death
-motor movement
muc/o mucus
mucos/o mucous membrane (mucosa)
multi- many
mut/a genetic change
mutagen/o causing genetic change
my/o muscle
myc/o fungus
mydr/o wide
myel/o spinal cord; bone marrow
myocardi/o myocardium (heart muscle)
myom/o muscle tumor
myos/o muscle
myring/o tympanic membrane (eardrum)
myx/o mucus
narc/o numbness; stupor; sleep
nas/o nose
nat/i birth
natr/o sodium
necr/o death
nect/o to bind, tie, connect
neo- new
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
neutr/o neither; neutral; neutrophil
nid/o nest
noct/i night
norm/o rule; order
nos/o disease
nucle/o nucleus
nulli- none
nyct/o night
obstetr/o midwife
ocul/o eye
odont/o tooth
odyn/o pain
-oid resembling
-ole little; small
olecran/o olecranon (elbow)
olig/o scanty
om/o shoulder
-oma tumor; mass; fluid collection
omphal/o umbilicus (naval)
onc/o tumor
-one hormone
onych/o nail (of fingers or toes)
o/o egg
oophor/o ovary
-opaque obscure
ophthalm/o eye
-opia vision
-opsia vision
-opsy view of
opt/o eye; vision
optic/o eye; vision
-or one who
or/o mouth
orch/o testis
orchi/o testis
orchid/o testis
-orexia appetite
orth/o straight
-ose full of; pertaining to; sugar
-osis condition, usually abnormal
-osmia smell
ossicul/o ossicle (small bone)
oste/o bone
-ostosis condition of bone
ot/o ear
-otia ear condition
-ous pertaining to
ov/o egg
ovari/o ovary
ovul/o egg
ox/o oxygen
-oxia oxygen
oxy- swift; sharp; acid
oxysm/o sudden
pachy- heavy; thick
palat/o palate (roof of the mouth)
palpebr/o eyelid
pan- all
pancreat/o pancreas
papill/o nipple-like; optic disc (disk)
par- other than; abnormal
para- near; beside; abnormal; apart from; along the side of
-para to bear, bring forth (live births)
-parous to bear, bring forth
parathyroid/o parathyroid glands
-paresis slight paralysis
-pareunia sexual intercourse
-partum birth; labor
patell/a patella
patell/o patella
path/o disease
-pathy disease; emotion
pector/o chest
ped/o child; foot
pelv/i pelvic bone; hip
pend/o to hang
-penia deficiency
-pepsia digestion
per- through
peri- surrounding
perine/o perineum
peritone/o peritoneum
perone/o fibula
-pexy fixation; to put in place
phac/o lens of eye
phag/o eat; swallow
-phage eat; swallow
-phagia eating; swallowing
phak/o lens of eye
phalang/o phalanges (fingers and toes)
phall/o penis
pharmac/o drug
pharmaceut/o drug
pharyng/o throat (pharynx)
phas/o speech
-phasia speech
phe/o dusky; dark
-pheresis removal
phil/o like; love; attraction
-phil attraction for
-philia attraction for
phim/o muzzle
phleb/o vein
phob/o fear
-phobia fear
phon/o voice; sound
-phonia voice; sound
-phor/o to bear
-phoresis carrying; transmission
-phoria to bear, carry; feeling (mental state)
phot/o light
phren/o diaphragm; mind
-phthisis wasting away
-phylaxis protection
physi/o nature; function
-physis to grow
phyt/o plant
-phyte plant
pil/o hair
pineal/o pineal gland
pituitar/o pituitary gland
-plakia plaque
plant/o sole of the foot
plas/o development; formation
-plasia development; formation; growth
-plasm formation
-plastic pertaining to formation
-plasty surgical repair
ple/o more; many
-plegia paralysis; palsy
-plegic paralysis; palsy
pleur/o pleura
plex/o plexus; network (of nerves)
-pnea breathing
pneum/o lung; air; gas
pneumon/o lung; air; gas
pod/o foot
-poiesis formation
-poietin substance that forms
poikil/o varied; irregular
pol/o extreme
polio- gray matter (of brain or spinal cord)
poly- many; much
polyp/o polyp; small growth
pont/o pons (a part of the brain)
-porosis condition of pores (spaces)
post- after; behind
poster/o back (of body); behind
-prandial meal
-praxia action
pre- before; in front of
presby/o old age
primi- first
pro- before; forward
proct/o anus and rectum
pros- before; forward
prostat/o prostate gland
prot/o first
prote/o protein
proxim/o near
prurit/o itching
pseudo- false
psych/o mind
-ptosis droop; sag; prolapse; fall
-ptysis spitting
pub/o pubis (anterior part of hip bone)
pulmon/o lung
pupill/o pupil (dark center of the eye)
purul/o pus
py/o pus
pyel/o renal pelvis
pylor/o pylorus; pyloric sphincter
pyr/o fever; fire
pyret/o fever
pyrex/o fever
quadri- four
rachi/o spinal column; vertebrae
radi/o x-rays; radioactivity; radius (lateral lower arm bone)
radicul/o nerve root
re- back; again; backward
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
reticul/o network
retin/o retina
retro- behind; back; backward
rhabdomy/o straited (skeletal) muscle
rheumat/o watery flow
rhin/o nose
rhytid/o wrinkle
roentgen/o x-rays
-rrhage bursting forth (of blood)
-rrhagia bursting forth (of blood)
--rrhaphy suture
-rrhea flow; discharge
-rrhexis rupture
rrhythm/o rhythm
sacr/o sacrum
salping/o fallopian tube; auditory (eustachian) tube
-salpinx fallopian tube; oviduct
sarc/o flesh (connective tissue)
scapul/o scapula; shoulder blade
-schisis to split
schiz/o split
scint/o spark
scirrh/o hard
scler/o sclera (white of eye); hard
-sclerosis hardening
scoli/o crooked; bent
-scope instrument for visual examination
-scopy visual examination
scot/o darkness
seb/o sebum
sebace/o sebum
sect/o to cut
semi- half
semin/i semen; seed
seps/o infection
sial/o saliva
sialaden/o salivary gland
sider/o iron
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
silic/o glass
sinus/o sinus
-sis state of; condition
-sol solution
somat/o body
-some body
somn/o sleep
-somnia sleep
son/o sound
-spadia to tear; cut
-spasm sudden contraction of muscles
sperm/o spermatozoa; sperm cells
spermat/o spermatozoa; sperm cells
sphen/o wedge; sphenoid bone
spher/o globe-shaped; round
sphygm/o pulse
-sphyxia pulse
splanchn/o viscera (internal organs)
spin/o spine (backbone)
spir/o to breathe
splen/o spleen
spondyl/o vertebra (backbone)
squam/o scale
-stalsis contraction
staped/o stapes (middle ear bone)
staphyl/o clusters; uvula
-stasis to stop; control; place
-static pertaining to stopping; controlling
steat/o fat, sebum
-stenosis tightening; stricture
ster/o solid structure; steroid
stere/o solid; three-dimensional
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
steth/o chest
-sthenia strength
-stitial to set; pertaining to standing or positioned
stomat/o mouth
-stomia condition of the mouth
-stomy new opening (to form a mouth)
strept/o twisted chains
styl/o pole or stake
sub- under; below
submaxill/o mandible (lower jaw bone)
-suppression to stop
supra- above, upper
sym- together; with
syn- together; with
syncop/o to cut off, cut short; faint
syndesm/o ligament
synov/o synovia; synovial membrane; sheath around a tendon
syring/o tube
tachy- fast
tars/o tarsus; hindfoot or ankle (7 bones between the foot and the leg)
tax/o order; coordination
tel/o complete
tele/o distant
ten/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
-tension pressure
terat/o monster; malformed fetus
test/o testis (testicle)
tetra- four
thalam/o thalamus
thalass/o sea
the/o put; place
thec/o sheath
thel/o nipple
therapeut/o treatment
-therapy treatment
therm/o heat
thorac/o chest
-thorax chest; pleural cavity
thromb/o clot
thym/o thymus gland
-thymia mind (condition of)
-thymic pertaining to mind
thyr/o thyroid gland; shield
thyroid/o thyroid gland
tibi/o tibia (shin bone)
-tic pertaining to
toc/o labor; birth
-tocia labor; birth (condition of)
-tocin labor; birth (a substance for)
tom/o to cut
-tome instrument to cut
-tomy process of cutting
ton/o tension
tone/o to stretch
tonsill/o tonsil
top/o place; position; location
tox/o poison
toxic/o poison
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
trans- across; through
-tresia opening
tri- three
trich/o hair
trigon/o trigone (area within the bladder)
-tripsy to crush
troph/o nourishment; development
-trophy nourishment; development
-tropia to turn
-tropic turning
-tropin stimulate; act on
tympan/o tympanic membrane (eardrum); middle ear
-type classification; picture
-ule little; small
uln/o ulna (medical lower arm bone)
ultra- beyond; excess
-um structure; tissue; thing
umbilic/o umbilicus (navel)
ungu/o nail
uni- one
ur/o urine; urinary tract
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
-uria urination; condition of urine
urin/o urine
-us structure; thing
uter/o uterus (womb)
uve/o uvea, vascular layer of eye (iris, choroid, ciliary body)
uvul/o uvula
vag/o vagus nerve
vagin/o vagina
valv/o valve
valvul/o valve
varic/o varicose veins
vas/o vesel; duct; vas deferens
vascul/o vessel (blood)
ven/o; ven/i vein
vener/o venereal (sexual contact)
ventr/o belly side of body
ventricul/o ventricle (of heart or brain)
venul/o venule (small vein)
-verse to turn
-version to turn
vertebr/o vertebra (backbone)
vesic/o urinary bladder
vesicul/o seminal vesicle
vestibul/o vestibule of the inner ear
viscer/o internal organs
vit/o life
vitr/o vitreous body (of the eye)
vitre/o glass
viv/o life
vol/o to roll
vulv/o vulva (female external genitalia)
xanth/o yellow
xen/o stranger
xer/o dry
xiph/o sword
-y condition; process
zo/o animal life
a-, an- no; not; without
ab- away from
abdomin/o abdomen
-ac pertaining to
acanth/o spiny; thorny
acetabul/o acetabulum (hip socket)
acous/o hearing
acr/o extremities; top; extreme point
acromi/o acromion (extension of shoulder bone)
actin/o light
acu/o sharp; severe; sudden
-acusis hearing
ad- toward
aden/o gland
adenoid/o adenoids
adip/o fat
adren/o adrenal gland
adrenal/o adrenal gland
aer/o air
af- toward
agglutin/o clumping; sticking together
-agon to assemble, gather
agora- marketplace
-agra excessive pain
-al pertaining to
alb/o white
albin/o white
albumin/o albumin (protein)
alges/o sensitivity to pain
-algesia sensitivity to pain
-algia pain
all/o other
alveol/o alveolus; air sac; small sac
ambly/o dim; dull
-amine nitrogen compound
amni/o amnion (sac surrounding the embryo)
amyl/o starch
an/o anus
-an pertaining to
ana- up; apart; backward; again, anew
andr/o male
aneurysm/o aneurysm (widened blood vessel)
angi/o vessel (blood)
anis/o unequal
ankyl/o stiff
ante- before; forward
anter/o front
anthrac/o coal
anthr/o antrum of the stomach
anti- against
anxi/o uneasy; anxious
aort/o aorta (largest artery)
-apheresis removal
aphth/o ulcer
apo- off, away
aponeur/o aponeurosis (type of tendon)
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
aque/o water
-ar pertaining to
-arche beginning
arter/o artery
arteri/o artery
arteriol/o arteriole (small artery)
arthr/o joint
-arthria articulate (speak distinctly)
articul/o joint
-ary pertaining to
asbest/o asbestos
-ase enzyme
-asthenia lack of strength
atel/o incomplete
ather/o plaque (fatty substance)
-ation process; condition
atri/o atrium (upper heart chamber)
audi/o hearing
audit/o hearing
aur/o ear
auricul/o ear
auto- self, own
axill/o armpit
azot/o urea; nitrogen
bacill/o bacilli (bacteria)
bacteri/o bacteria
balan/o glans penis
bar/o pressure; weight
bartholin/o Bartholin glands
bas/o base; opposite of acid
bi- two
bi/o life
bil/i bile; gall
bilirubin/o bilirubin
-blast embryonic; immature
-blastoma immature tumor (cells)
blephar/o eyelid
bol/o cast; throw
brachi/o arm
brachy- short
brady- slow
bronch/o bronchial tube
bronchi/o bronchial tube
bronchiol/o bronchiole
bucc/o cheek
bunion/o bunion
burs/o bursa (sac of fluid near joints)
byssin/o cotton dust
cac/o bad
calc/o calcium
calcane/o calcaneus (heel bone)
calci/o calcium
cali/o calyx
calic/o calyx
capillar/o capillary (tiniest blood vessel)
capn/o carbon dioxide
-capnia carbon dioxide
carcin/o cancerous; cancer
cardi/o heart
carp/o wrist bones (carpals)
cata- down
caud/o tail; lower part of body
caus/o burn; burning
cauter/o heat; burn
cec/o cecum (first part of the colon)
-cele hernia
celi/o belly; abdomen
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
cephal/o head
cerebell/o cerebellum (posterior part of the brain)
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cerumin/o cerumen
cervic/o neck; cervix (neck of uterus)
-chalasia relaxation
-chalasis relaxation
cheil/o lip
chem/o drug; chemical
-chezia defecation; elimination of wastes
chir/o hand
chlor/o green
chlorhydr/o hydrochloric acid
chol/e bile; gall
cholangi/o bile vessel
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
cholesterol/o cholesterol
chondr/o cartilage
chore/o dance
chori/o chorion (outermost membrane of the fetus)
chorion/o chorion
choroid/o choroid layer of eye
chrom/o color
chron/o time
chym/o to pour
cib/o meal
-cide killing
-cidal pertaining to killing
cine/o movement
cirrh/o orange-yellow
cis/o to cut
-clasis to break
-clast to break
claustr/o enclosed space
clavicul/o clavicle (collar bone)
-clysis irrigation; washing
coagul/o coagulation (clotting)
-coccus (-cocci, pl.) berry-shaped bacterium
coccyg/o coccyx (tailbone)
cochle/o cochlea (inner part of ear)
col/o colon (large intestine)
coll/a glue
colon/o colon (large intestine)
colp/o vagina
comat/o deep sleep
comi/o to care for
con- together, with
coni/o dust
conjunctiv/o conjunctiva (lines the eyelids)
-constriction narrowing
contra- against; opposite
cor/o pupil
core/o pupil
corne/o cornea
coron/o heart
corpor/o body
cortic/o cortex, outer region
cost/o rib
crani/o skull
cras/o mixture; temperament
crin/o secrete
-crine secrete; separate
-crit to separate
cry/o cold
crypt/o hidden
culd/o cul-de-sac
-cusis hearing
cutane/o skin
cyan/o blue
cycl/o ciliary body of eye; cycle; circle
-cyesis pregnancy
cyst/o urinary bladder; cyst; sac of fluid
cyt/o cell
-cyte cell
-cytosis condition of cells; slight increase in numbers
dacry/o tear
dacryoaden/o tear gland
dacryocyst/o tear sac; lacrimal sac
dactyl/o fingers; toes
de- lack of; down; less; removal of
dem/o people
dent/i tooth
derm/o skin
-derma skin
dermat/o skin
desicc/o drying
-desis to bind, tie together
dia- complete; through
diaphor/o sweat
-dilation widening; stretching; expanding
dipl/o double
dips/o thirst
dist/o far; distant
dors/o back (of body)
dorsi- back
-dote to give
-drome to run
duct/o to lead, carry
duoden/o duodenum
dur/o dura mater
-dynia pain
dys- bad; painful; difficult; abnormal
-eal pertaining to
ec- out; outside
echo- reflected sound
-ectasia stretching; dialation; expansion
-ectasis stretching; dialation; expansion
ecto- out; outside
-ectomy removal; excision; resection
-edema swelling
-elasma flat plate
electr/o electricity
em- in
-ema condition
-emesis vomiting
-emia blood condition
-emic pertaining to blood condition
emmetr/o in due measure
en- in; within
encephal/o brain
endo- in; within
enter/o intestines (usually small intestine)
eosin/o red; rosy; dawn-colored
epi- above; upon;/ on
epididym/o epididymis
epiglott/o epiglottis
episi/o vulva (external female genitalia)
epitheli/o skin; epithelium
equin/o horse
-er one who
erg/o work
erythem/o flushed; redness
erythr/o red
-esis condition
eso- inward
esphag/o esophagus
esthes/o nervous sensation (feeling)
esthesi/o nervous sensation
-esthesia nervous sensation
estr/o female
ethm/o sieve
eti/o cause
eu- good; normal
-eurysm widening
ex- out; away from
exanthemat/o rash
exo- out; away from
extra- outside
faci- face
fasci/o fascia (membrane supporting muscles)
femor/o femur (thigh bone)
-ferent to carry
fibr/o fiber
fibros/o fibrous connective tissue
fibul/o fibula
-fication process of making
-fida split
flex/o to bend
fluor/o luminous
follicul/o follicle; small sac
-form resembling; in the shape of
fung/i fungus; mushroom
furc/o forking; branching
-fusion to pour; to come together
galact/o milk
ganglion/o ganglion; collection of nerve cell bodies
gastr/o stomach
-gen producing; forming
-genesis producing; forming
-genic produced by or in
ger/o old age
gest/o pregnancy
gester/o pregnancy
gingiv/o gum
glauc/o gray
gli/o glue; neuroglial tissue (supportive tissue of nervous system)
-globin protein
-globulin protein
glomerul/o glomerulus
gloss/o tongue
gluc/o glucose; sugar
glyc/o glucose; sugar
glycogen/o glycogen; animal starch
glycos/o glucose; sugar
gnos/o knowledge
gon/o seed
gonad/o sex glands
goni/o angle
-grade to go
-gram record
granul/o granule (s)
-graph instrument for recording
-graphy process of recording
gravid/o pregnancy
-gravida pregnant woman
gynec/o woman; female
hallucin/o hallucination
hem/o blood
hemat/o blood
hemi- half
hemoglobin/o hemoglobin
hepat/o liver
herni/o hernia
-hexia habit
hidr/o sweat
hist/o tissue
histi/o tissue
home/o sameness; unchanging; constant
hormon/o hormone
humer/o humerus (upper arm bone)
hydr/o water
hyper- above; excessive
hypn/o sleep
hypo- sleep
hypophys/o pituitary gland
hyster/o uterus; womb
-ia condition
-iac pertaining to
-iasis abnormal condition
iatr/o physician; treatment
-ic pertaining to
-ical pertaining to
ichthy/o dry; scaly
-icle small
idi/o unknown; individual; district
ile/o ileum
ili/o ilium
immun/o immune; protection; safe
in- in; into; not
-in, -ine a substance
-ine pertaining to
infra- below; inferior to; beneath
inguin/o groin
insulin/o insulin (pancreatic hormone)
inter- between
intra- within; into
iod/o iodine
ion/o ion; to wander
-ion process
-ior pertaining to
ipsi- same
ir- in
ir/o iris (colored portion of eye)
irid/o iris (colored portion of eye)
is/o same; equal
isch/o to hold back; back
ischi/o ischium (part of hip bone)
-ism process; condition
-ist specialist
-itis inflammation
-ium structure; tissue
jaund/o yellow
jejun/o jejunum
kal/i potassium
kary/o nucleus
kerat/o horny, hard; cornea
kern- nucleus (collection of nerve cells in the brain)
ket/o ketones; acetones
kenton/o ketones; acetones
kines/o movement
kinesi/o movement
-kinesia movement
-kinesis movement
klept/o to steal
kyph/o humpback
labi/o lip
lacrim/o tear; tear duct; lacrimal duct
lact/o milk
lamin/o lamina (part of vertebral arch)
lapar/o abdominal wall; abdomen
-lapse to slide, fall, sag
laryng/o larynx (voice box)
later/o side
leiomy/o smooth (visceral) muscle
-lemma sheath, covering
-lepsy seizure
lept/o thin, slender
-leptic to seize, take hold of
leth/o death
leuk/o white
lex/o word; phrase
-lexia word; phrase
ligament/o ligament
lingu/o tongue
lip/o fat; lipid
-listhesis slipping
lith/o stone; calculus
-lithiasis condition of stones
-lithotomy incision (for removal) of a stone
lob/o lobe
log/o study of
-logy study of
lord/o curve; swayback
-lucent to shine
lumb/o lower back; loin
lute/o yellow
lux/o to slide
lymph/o lymph
lymphaden/o lymph gland (node)
lymphangi/o lymph vessel
-lysis breakdown; separation; destruction; loosening
-lytic to reduce, destroy; separate; breakdown
macro- large
mal- bad
-malacia softening
malleol/o malleolus
mamm/o breast
mandibul/o mandible (lower jaw bone)
-mania obsessive preoccupation
mast/o breast
mastoid/o mastoid process (behind the ear)
maxill/o maxilla (upper jaw bone)
meat/o meatus (opening)
medi/o middle
mediastin/o mediastinum
medull/o medulla (inner section); middle; soft, marrow
mega- large
-megaly enlargement
melan/o black
men/o menses; menstruation
mening/o meninges (membranes covering the spinal cord and brain)
meningi/o meninges
ment/o mind; chin
meso- middle
meta- change; beyond
metacarp/o metacarpals (hand bones)
metatars/o metatarsals (foot bones)
-meter measure
metr/o uterus (womb); measure
metri/o uterus (womb)
mi/o smaller; less
micro- small
-mimetic mimic; copy
-mission to send
mon/o one; single
morph/o shape; form
mort/o death
-mortem death
-motor movement
muc/o mucus
mucos/o mucous membrane (mucosa)
multi- many
mut/a genetic change
mutagen/o causing genetic change
my/o muscle
myc/o fungus
mydr/o wide
myel/o spinal cord; bone marrow
myocardi/o myocardium (heart muscle)
myom/o muscle tumor
myos/o muscle
myring/o tympanic membrane (eardrum)
myx/o mucus
narc/o numbness; stupor; sleep
nas/o nose
nat/i birth
natr/o sodium
necr/o death
nect/o to bind, tie, connect
neo- new
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
neutr/o neither; neutral; neutrophil
nid/o nest
noct/i night
norm/o rule; order
nos/o disease
nucle/o nucleus
nulli- none
nyct/o night
obstetr/o midwife
ocul/o eye
odont/o tooth
odyn/o pain
-oid resembling
-ole little; small
olecran/o olecranon (elbow)
olig/o scanty
om/o shoulder
-oma tumor; mass; fluid collection
omphal/o umbilicus (naval)
onc/o tumor
-one hormone
onych/o nail (of fingers or toes)
o/o egg
oophor/o ovary
-opaque obscure
ophthalm/o eye
-opia vision
-opsia vision
-opsy view of
opt/o eye; vision
optic/o eye; vision
-or one who
or/o mouth
orch/o testis
orchi/o testis
orchid/o testis
-orexia appetite
orth/o straight
-ose full of; pertaining to; sugar
-osis condition, usually abnormal
-osmia smell
ossicul/o ossicle (small bone)
oste/o bone
-ostosis condition of bone
ot/o ear
-otia ear condition
-ous pertaining to
ov/o egg
ovari/o ovary
ovul/o egg
ox/o oxygen
-oxia oxygen
oxy- swift; sharp; acid
oxysm/o sudden
pachy- heavy; thick
palat/o palate (roof of the mouth)
palpebr/o eyelid
pan- all
pancreat/o pancreas
papill/o nipple-like; optic disc (disk)
par- other than; abnormal
para- near; beside; abnormal; apart from; along the side of
-para to bear, bring forth (live births)
-parous to bear, bring forth
parathyroid/o parathyroid glands
-paresis slight paralysis
-pareunia sexual intercourse
-partum birth; labor
patell/a patella
patell/o patella
path/o disease
-pathy disease; emotion
pector/o chest
ped/o child; foot
pelv/i pelvic bone; hip
pend/o to hang
-penia deficiency
-pepsia digestion
per- through
peri- surrounding
perine/o perineum
peritone/o peritoneum
perone/o fibula
-pexy fixation; to put in place
phac/o lens of eye
phag/o eat; swallow
-phage eat; swallow
-phagia eating; swallowing
phak/o lens of eye
phalang/o phalanges (fingers and toes)
phall/o penis
pharmac/o drug
pharmaceut/o drug
pharyng/o throat (pharynx)
phas/o speech
-phasia speech
phe/o dusky; dark
-pheresis removal
phil/o like; love; attraction
-phil attraction for
-philia attraction for
phim/o muzzle
phleb/o vein
phob/o fear
-phobia fear
phon/o voice; sound
-phonia voice; sound
-phor/o to bear
-phoresis carrying; transmission
-phoria to bear, carry; feeling (mental state)
phot/o light
phren/o diaphragm; mind
-phthisis wasting away
-phylaxis protection
physi/o nature; function
-physis to grow
phyt/o plant
-phyte plant
pil/o hair
pineal/o pineal gland
pituitar/o pituitary gland
-plakia plaque
plant/o sole of the foot
plas/o development; formation
-plasia development; formation; growth
-plasm formation
-plastic pertaining to formation
-plasty surgical repair
ple/o more; many
-plegia paralysis; palsy
-plegic paralysis; palsy
pleur/o pleura
plex/o plexus; network (of nerves)
-pnea breathing
pneum/o lung; air; gas
pneumon/o lung; air; gas
pod/o foot
-poiesis formation
-poietin substance that forms
poikil/o varied; irregular
pol/o extreme
polio- gray matter (of brain or spinal cord)
poly- many; much
polyp/o polyp; small growth
pont/o pons (a part of the brain)
-porosis condition of pores (spaces)
post- after; behind
poster/o back (of body); behind
-prandial meal
-praxia action
pre- before; in front of
presby/o old age
primi- first
pro- before; forward
proct/o anus and rectum
pros- before; forward
prostat/o prostate gland
prot/o first
prote/o protein
proxim/o near
prurit/o itching
pseudo- false
psych/o mind
-ptosis droop; sag; prolapse; fall
-ptysis spitting
pub/o pubis (anterior part of hip bone)
pulmon/o lung
pupill/o pupil (dark center of the eye)
purul/o pus
py/o pus
pyel/o renal pelvis
pylor/o pylorus; pyloric sphincter
pyr/o fever; fire
pyret/o fever
pyrex/o fever
quadri- four
rachi/o spinal column; vertebrae
radi/o x-rays; radioactivity; radius (lateral lower arm bone)
radicul/o nerve root
re- back; again; backward
rect/o rectum
ren/o kidney
reticul/o network
retin/o retina
retro- behind; back; backward
rhabdomy/o straited (skeletal) muscle
rheumat/o watery flow
rhin/o nose
rhytid/o wrinkle
roentgen/o x-rays
-rrhage bursting forth (of blood)
-rrhagia bursting forth (of blood)
--rrhaphy suture
-rrhea flow; discharge
-rrhexis rupture
rrhythm/o rhythm
sacr/o sacrum
salping/o fallopian tube; auditory (eustachian) tube
-salpinx fallopian tube; oviduct
sarc/o flesh (connective tissue)
scapul/o scapula; shoulder blade
-schisis to split
schiz/o split
scint/o spark
scirrh/o hard
scler/o sclera (white of eye); hard
-sclerosis hardening
scoli/o crooked; bent
-scope instrument for visual examination
-scopy visual examination
scot/o darkness
seb/o sebum
sebace/o sebum
sect/o to cut
semi- half
semin/i semen; seed
seps/o infection
sial/o saliva
sialaden/o salivary gland
sider/o iron
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
silic/o glass
sinus/o sinus
-sis state of; condition
-sol solution
somat/o body
-some body
somn/o sleep
-somnia sleep
son/o sound
-spadia to tear; cut
-spasm sudden contraction of muscles
sperm/o spermatozoa; sperm cells
spermat/o spermatozoa; sperm cells
sphen/o wedge; sphenoid bone
spher/o globe-shaped; round
sphygm/o pulse
-sphyxia pulse
splanchn/o viscera (internal organs)
spin/o spine (backbone)
spir/o to breathe
splen/o spleen
spondyl/o vertebra (backbone)
squam/o scale
-stalsis contraction
staped/o stapes (middle ear bone)
staphyl/o clusters; uvula
-stasis to stop; control; place
-static pertaining to stopping; controlling
steat/o fat, sebum
-stenosis tightening; stricture
ster/o solid structure; steroid
stere/o solid; three-dimensional
stern/o sternum (breastbone)
steth/o chest
-sthenia strength
-stitial to set; pertaining to standing or positioned
stomat/o mouth
-stomia condition of the mouth
-stomy new opening (to form a mouth)
strept/o twisted chains
styl/o pole or stake
sub- under; below
submaxill/o mandible (lower jaw bone)
-suppression to stop
supra- above, upper
sym- together; with
syn- together; with
syncop/o to cut off, cut short; faint
syndesm/o ligament
synov/o synovia; synovial membrane; sheath around a tendon
syring/o tube
tachy- fast
tars/o tarsus; hindfoot or ankle (7 bones between the foot and the leg)
tax/o order; coordination
tel/o complete
tele/o distant
ten/o tendon
tendin/o tendon
-tension pressure
terat/o monster; malformed fetus
test/o testis (testicle)
tetra- four
thalam/o thalamus
thalass/o sea
the/o put; place
thec/o sheath
thel/o nipple
therapeut/o treatment
-therapy treatment
therm/o heat
thorac/o chest
-thorax chest; pleural cavity
thromb/o clot
thym/o thymus gland
-thymia mind (condition of)
-thymic pertaining to mind
thyr/o thyroid gland; shield
thyroid/o thyroid gland
tibi/o tibia (shin bone)
-tic pertaining to
toc/o labor; birth
-tocia labor; birth (condition of)
-tocin labor; birth (a substance for)
tom/o to cut
-tome instrument to cut
-tomy process of cutting
ton/o tension
tone/o to stretch
tonsill/o tonsil
top/o place; position; location
tox/o poison
toxic/o poison
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
trans- across; through
-tresia opening
tri- three
trich/o hair
trigon/o trigone (area within the bladder)
-tripsy to crush
troph/o nourishment; development
-trophy nourishment; development
-tropia to turn
-tropic turning
-tropin stimulate; act on
tympan/o tympanic membrane (eardrum); middle ear
-type classification; picture
-ule little; small
uln/o ulna (medical lower arm bone)
ultra- beyond; excess
-um structure; tissue; thing
umbilic/o umbilicus (navel)
ungu/o nail
uni- one
ur/o urine; urinary tract
ureter/o ureter
urethr/o urethra
-uria urination; condition of urine
urin/o urine
-us structure; thing
uter/o uterus (womb)
uve/o uvea, vascular layer of eye (iris, choroid, ciliary body)
uvul/o uvula
vag/o vagus nerve
vagin/o vagina
valv/o valve
valvul/o valve
varic/o varicose veins
vas/o vesel; duct; vas deferens
vascul/o vessel (blood)
ven/o; ven/i vein
vener/o venereal (sexual contact)
ventr/o belly side of body
ventricul/o ventricle (of heart or brain)
venul/o venule (small vein)
-verse to turn
-version to turn
vertebr/o vertebra (backbone)
vesic/o urinary bladder
vesicul/o seminal vesicle
vestibul/o vestibule of the inner ear
viscer/o internal organs
vit/o life
vitr/o vitreous body (of the eye)
vitre/o glass
viv/o life
vol/o to roll
vulv/o vulva (female external genitalia)
xanth/o yellow
xen/o stranger
xer/o dry
xiph/o sword
-y condition; process
zo/o animal life
Medical Terminology: Root Words
Medical Terminology: Root Words
Medical Term Meaning
adeno gland
calculi stone
cele tumor, cyst; hernia
cyto cell
glyco sugar
homo, homeo alike, similar
lingua tongue
lip fat
lith stone
madaro falling hair
psych mind
pyo pus
radi rays
thermic heat
arthro joint
carpo wrist
chondro cartilage
costa rib
cranio skull
dactyl finger, toe, digit
ili hip
manus hand
myel bone marrow, spinal cord
myo muscle
ortho straighten
osteo bone
pedi foot, child, infant
spondyl vertebra
cutis skin
dent teeth
derma skin
hapsia touch
odont teeth
onco tumor
onychia nail bed
pedicular lice
prurigo itching
psora itch
sarco flesh
sclero hard
squama scaly
tricho hair
chole gallbladder, bile
colon large intestine
emesis vomiting
entero intestines
gastro stomach
glosso tongue
hepat liver
ile ileum
laparo abdomen
myxo mucus
procto anus, rectum
pylor pylorus, gatekeeper
stoma mouth, opening
viscero body organs
angio vessel
aortal aorta, main artery
arterio artery
cardio heart
emboli vessel obstruction
emia blood
hemo blood
phleb vein
thrombo blood clot
varico varicose veins
vena vein
ventricu heart cavity
broncho airway
cili hairlike process
ectasis expansion
laryngo voice box, larynx
naso nose
oro mouth
oxy oxygen
pector chest, breast
pleura rib side
pneumo lung
ptysis spit, sputum
pulmo lung
rhin nose
tracheo windpipe
creatinine waste material in urine
cysto bladder
glomerulo nephron part; little ball
nephro kidney
peritoneo lining of abdominal organs
pyelo pelvis
reni kidney
uretero ureter
urethro urethra
uri, uro, urina urine
uric pertaining to urine
bulbo bulblike; bulboeurethral gland
cervi neck
galacto milk
genito reproductive system
hyster uterus
lactin milk
mast breast
metr uterus
natal born
oophoro ovary
orchido testicle
ova,ovi,ovo egg
salping fallopian tube
sperma, spermato seed, sperm
vas duct; vessel (vas deferens)
audio sound
cerebro brain
enecephalo brain
esthesia sensation
medulla brain middle
meningo membranes of spinal cord
neuro nerve
occiput back of skull
oculo eye
ophthalmo eye
oto ear
parietes wall part of brain
pons bridge
tempora temporal
Medical Term Meaning
adeno gland
calculi stone
cele tumor, cyst; hernia
cyto cell
glyco sugar
homo, homeo alike, similar
lingua tongue
lip fat
lith stone
madaro falling hair
psych mind
pyo pus
radi rays
thermic heat
arthro joint
carpo wrist
chondro cartilage
costa rib
cranio skull
dactyl finger, toe, digit
ili hip
manus hand
myel bone marrow, spinal cord
myo muscle
ortho straighten
osteo bone
pedi foot, child, infant
spondyl vertebra
cutis skin
dent teeth
derma skin
hapsia touch
odont teeth
onco tumor
onychia nail bed
pedicular lice
prurigo itching
psora itch
sarco flesh
sclero hard
squama scaly
tricho hair
chole gallbladder, bile
colon large intestine
emesis vomiting
entero intestines
gastro stomach
glosso tongue
hepat liver
ile ileum
laparo abdomen
myxo mucus
procto anus, rectum
pylor pylorus, gatekeeper
stoma mouth, opening
viscero body organs
angio vessel
aortal aorta, main artery
arterio artery
cardio heart
emboli vessel obstruction
emia blood
hemo blood
phleb vein
thrombo blood clot
varico varicose veins
vena vein
ventricu heart cavity
broncho airway
cili hairlike process
ectasis expansion
laryngo voice box, larynx
naso nose
oro mouth
oxy oxygen
pector chest, breast
pleura rib side
pneumo lung
ptysis spit, sputum
pulmo lung
rhin nose
tracheo windpipe
creatinine waste material in urine
cysto bladder
glomerulo nephron part; little ball
nephro kidney
peritoneo lining of abdominal organs
pyelo pelvis
reni kidney
uretero ureter
urethro urethra
uri, uro, urina urine
uric pertaining to urine
bulbo bulblike; bulboeurethral gland
cervi neck
galacto milk
genito reproductive system
hyster uterus
lactin milk
mast breast
metr uterus
natal born
oophoro ovary
orchido testicle
ova,ovi,ovo egg
salping fallopian tube
sperma, spermato seed, sperm
vas duct; vessel (vas deferens)
audio sound
cerebro brain
enecephalo brain
esthesia sensation
medulla brain middle
meningo membranes of spinal cord
neuro nerve
occiput back of skull
oculo eye
ophthalmo eye
oto ear
parietes wall part of brain
pons bridge
tempora temporal
All prefixes
Question Answer
an-, a- none
brachy- short
mega-, macro- large
micro- small
olig(o)- little, small, scanty
per- excessive thorought
alba- white
chloro- green
chromo- color
cirrh- yellow
cyano- blue
erythro- red
leuko- white
melano- black
rube- red
xantho- yellow
anklyo- crooked, bent
apex- point
calyx-, calix- cup shape
eury- broad or flat
pachy- thick
platy- flat
steno- narrow, contracted
acro- extremity, tip
anti- against
circum- around
contra- opposite, against
dorso-, dorsi- back
ecto- outside, misplaced
endo- within
epi- on, over, upon
extra- outside of, in addition to, beyond
fore- before, infront
hyper- above, excessive, beyond
hypo- below, under
infra- below
inter- between parts
juxta- near
medi-, meso- middle
ob- against, in the way, opposite
para- beside, beyond
peri- around
sub- beneath
supra- above, over
trans- across, through, over, beyond
ultra- excessive, extreme
ana- up, back again
ante- before
cata-, kata- down, through
gen- beginning, orgin
meta- beyond, over, between, change or next to
nocti- night
post- after
pre- before
prim-, prot(o)- first
sym-, syn- together, union
ter(t)- third
mono-, uni- one
bi-, di- two
tri- three
quadri-, tetra- four
quint- five
sex-, ses-, hexa- six
sepa-, hepta- seven
octo-, octa-, octi- eight
nonu-, nona-, noni- nine
deca-, dec- ten
cent- one hundred
milli one thousand
ambi- both
deci- 1/10, one tenth
semi-, demi-, hemi- 1/2
diplo- double
multi- many
null(i)- no, none
pan- all
poly- many
a-, an- without, absent
ambly- different from, another, dull
andro- male
angi(o)- vessel or duct, usually a blood vessel
atel- imperfect
aut(o)- self
bacter bacteria
bi(o)- life
co-, con-, com- with
cry(o)- cold
crypto- hidden
dys- difficult
gluco-, glyco- sugar, sweet
gyn-, gyneco- female
hetero other, different
homeo-, homo- same
hydro-, hydra- water
idio- distinct, peculiar to the individual
iso- same, equal
mal- bad
neo- new, strange
non- not
norm(o)- normal
ortho- straight
oxy- sharp, acute, rapid
path(o)- disease, suffering
phage(o)- eat, consume
pseudo- false
sclero- hard
stereo- solid, firmly established, three dimensional
tachy- fast
terato- malformed, monster
therap- treatment
thermo- heat, warmth
toxic- poison
xero- dry
brady- slow
ab- away
ad- to, toward
de- to do the opposite of, remove, away
dextro- right
e- out
ex away from, out, completely
in-, im- in, inside, within, not
ir- against, into, toward
pro- forward, anterior
re- back, again
retro- behind, backward
sinister(o)- left
All prefixes
Question Answer
an-, a- none
brachy- short
mega-, macro- large
micro- small
olig(o)- little, small, scanty
per- excessive thorought
alba- white
chloro- green
chromo- color
cirrh- yellow
cyano- blue
erythro- red
leuko- white
melano- black
rube- red
xantho- yellow
anklyo- crooked, bent
apex- point
calyx-, calix- cup shape
eury- broad or flat
pachy- thick
platy- flat
steno- narrow, contracted
acro- extremity, tip
anti- against
circum- around
contra- opposite, against
dorso-, dorsi- back
ecto- outside, misplaced
endo- within
epi- on, over, upon
extra- outside of, in addition to, beyond
fore- before, infront
hyper- above, excessive, beyond
hypo- below, under
infra- below
inter- between parts
juxta- near
medi-, meso- middle
ob- against, in the way, opposite
para- beside, beyond
peri- around
sub- beneath
supra- above, over
trans- across, through, over, beyond
ultra- excessive, extreme
ana- up, back again
ante- before
cata-, kata- down, through
gen- beginning, orgin
meta- beyond, over, between, change or next to
nocti- night
post- after
pre- before
prim-, prot(o)- first
sym-, syn- together, union
ter(t)- third
mono-, uni- one
bi-, di- two
tri- three
quadri-, tetra- four
quint- five
sex-, ses-, hexa- six
sepa-, hepta- seven
octo-, octa-, octi- eight
nonu-, nona-, noni- nine
deca-, dec- ten
cent- one hundred
milli one thousand
ambi- both
deci- 1/10, one tenth
semi-, demi-, hemi- 1/2
diplo- double
multi- many
null(i)- no, none
pan- all
poly- many
a-, an- without, absent
ambly- different from, another, dull
andro- male
angi(o)- vessel or duct, usually a blood vessel
atel- imperfect
aut(o)- self
bacter bacteria
bi(o)- life
co-, con-, com- with
cry(o)- cold
crypto- hidden
dys- difficult
gluco-, glyco- sugar, sweet
gyn-, gyneco- female
hetero other, different
homeo-, homo- same
hydro-, hydra- water
idio- distinct, peculiar to the individual
iso- same, equal
mal- bad
neo- new, strange
non- not
norm(o)- normal
ortho- straight
oxy- sharp, acute, rapid
path(o)- disease, suffering
phage(o)- eat, consume
pseudo- false
sclero- hard
stereo- solid, firmly established, three dimensional
tachy- fast
terato- malformed, monster
therap- treatment
thermo- heat, warmth
toxic- poison
xero- dry
brady- slow
ab- away
ad- to, toward
de- to do the opposite of, remove, away
dextro- right
e- out
ex away from, out, completely
in-, im- in, inside, within, not
ir- against, into, toward
pro- forward, anterior
re- back, again
retro- behind, backward
sinister(o)- left
MedTerms
suffixes-
Question Answer
-rrhexis rupture
-sarcoma malignant tumor
-schisis split, fissure
-sclerosis hardening
-scope instrument for examining
-scopy visual examination
-sepsis infection
-spasm sudden involuntary muscle contraction
-stasis control, stop
-stenosis narrowing
-stomy surgical opening
-tome instrument for
-tomy cutting, incision
-tripsy surgical crushing
-trophy nourishment, development
-ule little
-ac -al -ic -ar -ial -ary -ous -tic -eal pertaining to, related to, located in
-agra excessive pain
-algia pain
-apheresis removal
-asthenia weakness
-ase enzyme
-ate use, subject to
-atresia absence of normal body opening
-capnia carbon dioxide
-cele protrusion, hernia
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-cidal killing
-clasia -clast break
-cle -cule -ole -ola -ule -ulum -ulus small
-clysis irrigation, washint
-coccus -coccis berry shaped
-crit to separate
-crine separate, secrete
-cyte cell
-desis surgical fixation
-drome run, running
-dynia pain
-ectasis dilation, expansion
-ectomy surgical removal
-ectopic displacement
-emesis vomit
-emia blood condition
-ent-er-ist-or person or agent
-esis -ia -a -ism -ity -y -osis -tion -sis -iasis -sia state or condition, disease
-form -oid resembling, shaped like
-gen -genic producing, causing
-genesis beginning, origin
-gram record
-graph instrument that records
-graphy process of recording
-iac person afflicted with
-ible -ile capable, able
-ician one who
-ictal seizure, attack
-ist -ologist a specialist in
-ites -itis inflammation
-ium membrane
-ize use, subject to
-logy science, study of
-lysis -lytic destry, separation
-ma -mat disease, condition
-malacia softening
-mania madness
-megaly enlargement
-metor instrument used to measure
-metry measurement
-morph form, shape
-oma tumor
-opsy to view
-oxia oxygen
-paresis slight paralysis
-pathy disease
-penia deficient, lack of
-pepsia digestion
-pexy -pexis fixation storing
-phagia -phagy eating, swallowing
-philia -phily love
-phobia abnormal fear, intolerance
-phonia pertaining to sound
-phoria feeling
-physis growth
-plasia -plasm formation, development
-plasty surgical repair
-plegia paralysis
-pnea breathing
-poiesis formation
-porosis passage
-prandial meal
-praxia in front of, before
-ptosis drooping, downward displacement
-rrhage -rrhagia excessive flow
-rrhaphy suturing in place
-rrhea flow or discharge
MedTerms
suffixes-
Question Answer
-rrhexis rupture
-sarcoma malignant tumor
-schisis split, fissure
-sclerosis hardening
-scope instrument for examining
-scopy visual examination
-sepsis infection
-spasm sudden involuntary muscle contraction
-stasis control, stop
-stenosis narrowing
-stomy surgical opening
-tome instrument for
-tomy cutting, incision
-tripsy surgical crushing
-trophy nourishment, development
-ule little
-ac -al -ic -ar -ial -ary -ous -tic -eal pertaining to, related to, located in
-agra excessive pain
-algia pain
-apheresis removal
-asthenia weakness
-ase enzyme
-ate use, subject to
-atresia absence of normal body opening
-capnia carbon dioxide
-cele protrusion, hernia
-centesis surgical puncture to remove fluid
-cidal killing
-clasia -clast break
-cle -cule -ole -ola -ule -ulum -ulus small
-clysis irrigation, washint
-coccus -coccis berry shaped
-crit to separate
-crine separate, secrete
-cyte cell
-desis surgical fixation
-drome run, running
-dynia pain
-ectasis dilation, expansion
-ectomy surgical removal
-ectopic displacement
-emesis vomit
-emia blood condition
-ent-er-ist-or person or agent
-esis -ia -a -ism -ity -y -osis -tion -sis -iasis -sia state or condition, disease
-form -oid resembling, shaped like
-gen -genic producing, causing
-genesis beginning, origin
-gram record
-graph instrument that records
-graphy process of recording
-iac person afflicted with
-ible -ile capable, able
-ician one who
-ictal seizure, attack
-ist -ologist a specialist in
-ites -itis inflammation
-ium membrane
-ize use, subject to
-logy science, study of
-lysis -lytic destry, separation
-ma -mat disease, condition
-malacia softening
-mania madness
-megaly enlargement
-metor instrument used to measure
-metry measurement
-morph form, shape
-oma tumor
-opsy to view
-oxia oxygen
-paresis slight paralysis
-pathy disease
-penia deficient, lack of
-pepsia digestion
-pexy -pexis fixation storing
-phagia -phagy eating, swallowing
-philia -phily love
-phobia abnormal fear, intolerance
-phonia pertaining to sound
-phoria feeling
-physis growth
-plasia -plasm formation, development
-plasty surgical repair
-plegia paralysis
-pnea breathing
-poiesis formation
-porosis passage
-prandial meal
-praxia in front of, before
-ptosis drooping, downward displacement
-rrhage -rrhagia excessive flow
-rrhaphy suturing in place
-rrhea flow or discharge
Combining Forms of medical terms
Combining Form Meaning
aden/o gland
arthr/o joint
bi/o life
carcin/o cancerous, cancer
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cis/o to cut
crin/o secrete (to form and give off)
cyst/o urinary bladder; a sac or cyst (sac containing fluid)
cyt/o cell
derm/o; dermat/o skin
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
enter/o intestine
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
gnos/o knowledge
gynec/o woman, female
hemat/o; hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
iatr/o treatment
leuk/o white
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
onc/o tumor
ophthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
path/o disease
ped/o child
psych/o mind
radi/o x-rays
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
sarc/o flesh
sect/o to cut
thromb/o clot, clotting
ur/o urinary tract, urine
abdomin/o abdomen
adip/o fat
anter/o front
bol/o to cast; throw
cervic/o neck (of the body or of the uterus)
chondr/o cartilage (type of connective tissue)
chrom/o color
coccyg/o coccyx (tailbone)
crani/o skull
dist/o far, distant
dors/o back portion of the body
hist/o tissue
ili/o ilium (part of the pelvic bone)
inguin/o groin
kary/o nucleus
later/o side
lumb/o lower back (side and back between the ribs and pelvis)
medi/o middle
nucle/o nucleus
pelv/o hip, pelvic cavity
poster/o back, behind
proximo nearest
sacr/o sacrum
sarc/o flesh
spin/o spine, backbone
thel/o nipple
thorac/o chest
trache/o trachea, windpipe
umbilic/o navel, umbilicus
ventr/o belly side of the body
vertebr/o vertebrae, backbones
viscer/o internal organs
acr/o extremities, top, extreme point
acu/o sharp, severe, sudden
agor/a marketplace
amni/o amnion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)
angi/o vessel
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
axill/o armpit
blephar/o eyelid
bronch/o bronchial tubes (two tubes, one right and one left, that branch from the trachea to enter the lungs)
chem/o drug, chemical
chron/o time
col/o colon (large intestine)
hydr/o water, fluid
isch/o to hold back
lapar/o abdomen, abdominal wall
laryng/o larynx, voice box
lymph/o lymph, a clear fluid that bathes tissue spaces
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
morph/o shape, form
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
necr/o death (of cells or whole body)
neutr/o neutrophil (WBC)
ot/o ear
peritone/o peritoneum
phag/o to eat, swallow
phleb/o vein
plas/o formation, development
pleur/o pleura (membranes surrounding lungs and adjacent to chest wall muscles)
pneumon/o lungs
pulmon/o lungs
rect/o rectum
splen/o spleen
staphyl/o clusters
strept/o twisted chains
thorac/o chest
tonsill/o tonsils
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
carp/o wrist bones
cib/o meals
cost/o rib
cutane/o skin
dactyl/o fingers, toes
duct/o to lead, carry
flex/o to bend
furc/o forking, branching
gloss/o tongue
glyc/o sugar
immun/o protection
mort/o death
nat/i birth
nect/o to bind, tie, connect
norm/o rule, order
ox/o oxygen
pub/o pubis (pubic bone); anterior portion of the pelvic or hipbone
seps/o infection
somn/o sleep
son/o sound
the/o to put, place
thyr/o shield (shape of thyroid gland resembled shield to those who named it)
top/o place, position, location
tox/o poison
urethr/o urethra
an/o anus
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
bucc/o cheek
cec/o cecum
celi/o belly, abdomen
cheil/o lip
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
colon/o colon
dent/i tooth
duoden/o duodenum
esophag/o esophagus
faci/o face
gingiv/o gms
ile/o ileum
jejun/o jejunum
labi/o lip
lingu/o tongue
mandibul/o lower jaw, mandible
odont/o tooth
orth/o straight
or/o mouth
palat/o palate
pancreat/o pancreas
pharyng/o throat
proct/o anus and rectum
pylor/o pyloric sphincter
sialaden/o salivary gland
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
stomat/o mouth
amyl/o starch
bil/i gall, bile
bilirubin/o bilirubin (bile pigment)
chol/e gall, bile
chlorhydr/o hydrochloric acid
gluc/o; glyc/o sugar
glycogen/o glycogen, animal starch
lip/o fat, lipid
lith/o stone
prote/o protein
sial/o saliva, salivary gland
steat/o fat
cholangi/o bile vessel
aer/o air
alges/o sensitivity to pain
cras/o mixture
erg/o work
esthes/o feeling, sensation
hypn/o sleep
myc/o mold, fungus
narc/o stupor
pharmac/o drug
prurit/o itching
pyret/o fever
thec/o sheath (of brain and spinal cord)
tox/o, toxic/o poison
vas/o vessel
vit/o life
cheir, chir hand
colla glue; gelatinlike; starch
gingiv/o gum
glauc/o gray
gli/o neuroglia (glue)
-globin protein
-glovulin protein
glomerul/o glomerulus
gloss tongue
glucos/o sugar
-glute buttocks
glyc/o sugar, sweetness
steat/o fat
Combining Forms of medical terms
Combining Form Meaning
aden/o gland
arthr/o joint
bi/o life
carcin/o cancerous, cancer
cardi/o heart
cephal/o head
cerebr/o cerebrum (largest part of the brain)
cis/o to cut
crin/o secrete (to form and give off)
cyst/o urinary bladder; a sac or cyst (sac containing fluid)
cyt/o cell
derm/o; dermat/o skin
electr/o electricity
encephal/o brain
enter/o intestine
erythr/o red
gastr/o stomach
gnos/o knowledge
gynec/o woman, female
hemat/o; hem/o blood
hepat/o liver
iatr/o treatment
leuk/o white
nephr/o kidney
neur/o nerve
onc/o tumor
ophthalm/o eye
oste/o bone
path/o disease
ped/o child
psych/o mind
radi/o x-rays
ren/o kidney
rhin/o nose
sarc/o flesh
sect/o to cut
thromb/o clot, clotting
ur/o urinary tract, urine
abdomin/o abdomen
adip/o fat
anter/o front
bol/o to cast; throw
cervic/o neck (of the body or of the uterus)
chondr/o cartilage (type of connective tissue)
chrom/o color
coccyg/o coccyx (tailbone)
crani/o skull
dist/o far, distant
dors/o back portion of the body
hist/o tissue
ili/o ilium (part of the pelvic bone)
inguin/o groin
kary/o nucleus
later/o side
lumb/o lower back (side and back between the ribs and pelvis)
medi/o middle
nucle/o nucleus
pelv/o hip, pelvic cavity
poster/o back, behind
proximo nearest
sacr/o sacrum
sarc/o flesh
spin/o spine, backbone
thel/o nipple
thorac/o chest
trache/o trachea, windpipe
umbilic/o navel, umbilicus
ventr/o belly side of the body
vertebr/o vertebrae, backbones
viscer/o internal organs
acr/o extremities, top, extreme point
acu/o sharp, severe, sudden
agor/a marketplace
amni/o amnion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)
angi/o vessel
arteri/o artery
arthr/o joint
axill/o armpit
blephar/o eyelid
bronch/o bronchial tubes (two tubes, one right and one left, that branch from the trachea to enter the lungs)
chem/o drug, chemical
chron/o time
col/o colon (large intestine)
hydr/o water, fluid
isch/o to hold back
lapar/o abdomen, abdominal wall
laryng/o larynx, voice box
lymph/o lymph, a clear fluid that bathes tissue spaces
mamm/o breast
mast/o breast
morph/o shape, form
muc/o mucus
my/o muscle
myel/o spinal cord, bone marrow
necr/o death (of cells or whole body)
neutr/o neutrophil (WBC)
ot/o ear
peritone/o peritoneum
phag/o to eat, swallow
phleb/o vein
plas/o formation, development
pleur/o pleura (membranes surrounding lungs and adjacent to chest wall muscles)
pneumon/o lungs
pulmon/o lungs
rect/o rectum
splen/o spleen
staphyl/o clusters
strept/o twisted chains
thorac/o chest
tonsill/o tonsils
trache/o trachea (windpipe)
carp/o wrist bones
cib/o meals
cost/o rib
cutane/o skin
dactyl/o fingers, toes
duct/o to lead, carry
flex/o to bend
furc/o forking, branching
gloss/o tongue
glyc/o sugar
immun/o protection
mort/o death
nat/i birth
nect/o to bind, tie, connect
norm/o rule, order
ox/o oxygen
pub/o pubis (pubic bone); anterior portion of the pelvic or hipbone
seps/o infection
somn/o sleep
son/o sound
the/o to put, place
thyr/o shield (shape of thyroid gland resembled shield to those who named it)
top/o place, position, location
tox/o poison
urethr/o urethra
an/o anus
append/o appendix
appendic/o appendix
bucc/o cheek
cec/o cecum
celi/o belly, abdomen
cheil/o lip
cholecyst/o gallbladder
choledoch/o common bile duct
colon/o colon
dent/i tooth
duoden/o duodenum
esophag/o esophagus
faci/o face
gingiv/o gms
ile/o ileum
jejun/o jejunum
labi/o lip
lingu/o tongue
mandibul/o lower jaw, mandible
odont/o tooth
orth/o straight
or/o mouth
palat/o palate
pancreat/o pancreas
pharyng/o throat
proct/o anus and rectum
pylor/o pyloric sphincter
sialaden/o salivary gland
sigmoid/o sigmoid colon
stomat/o mouth
amyl/o starch
bil/i gall, bile
bilirubin/o bilirubin (bile pigment)
chol/e gall, bile
chlorhydr/o hydrochloric acid
gluc/o; glyc/o sugar
glycogen/o glycogen, animal starch
lip/o fat, lipid
lith/o stone
prote/o protein
sial/o saliva, salivary gland
steat/o fat
cholangi/o bile vessel
aer/o air
alges/o sensitivity to pain
cras/o mixture
erg/o work
esthes/o feeling, sensation
hypn/o sleep
myc/o mold, fungus
narc/o stupor
pharmac/o drug
prurit/o itching
pyret/o fever
thec/o sheath (of brain and spinal cord)
tox/o, toxic/o poison
vas/o vessel
vit/o life
cheir, chir hand
colla glue; gelatinlike; starch
gingiv/o gum
glauc/o gray
gli/o neuroglia (glue)
-globin protein
-glovulin protein
glomerul/o glomerulus
gloss tongue
glucos/o sugar
-glute buttocks
glyc/o sugar, sweetness
steat/o fat
Medical Terminology
Question Combining Forms Answer
abdominal cavity Body pace between abdominal walls, above the pelvis, and below the diaphragm.
abdomin(o) abdomen
acetabul(o) cut-shaped hip socket
aden(o) gland
adip(o) fat
adren(o) adrenal glands
alveol(o) air sac, alveolus
angi(o) vessel
anterior At or toward the front(of the body).
aort(o) aorta
appendic(o) appendix
arteri(o) artery
arteriol(o) arteriole a tiny artery connecting to a capillary.
arthr(o) joint; articulation
aur(i), auricul(o) ear
blephar(o) eyelid
brachi(o) arm
blood system Body system that includes blood and all its component parts
bronch(o), bronchi bronchus
bucc(o) cheek
burs(o)_ bursa
calcane(o) heel bone
cardi(o) heart;esophageal opening of the stomach
cardiovascular system Body system that includes the heart and blood vessels; circulatory system.
carp(o) wrist bones
celi(o) abdomen
cell Smallest unit of a living structure
cephal(o) head
cerebell(o) cerebellum
cerebr(o) cerebellum
cervic(o) neck;cervix
cheil(o), chil(o) lip
chir(o) hand
chol(e), cholo bile
chondri(o), chondro cartilage
col(o), colon(o) colon
colp(o) vagina
connective tissue Fibrous substance that forms the body's supportive framework.
core(o) pupil
coronal plane Imaginary line that divides the body into anterior and posterior positions
cranial cavity Space in the head that contains the brain
cortic(o) cortex
costi, costo rib
crani(o) cranium
cross-sectional plane Imaginary line that insects the body horizontally.
cyst(i), cysto bladder; cyst
cyt(o) cell
dactyl(o) fingers,toes
deep Away from the surface (of the body).
dent(i), dento tooth
derm(o), derma,dermat(o) skin
diaphragm Muscle that divides the abdominal and thoracic cavities.
digestive system Body system that includes all organs of digestion and waste excretions, from the mouth to the anus.
distal Away from the point of attachment of the trunk.
dorsal At or toward the back of the body
dorsal cavity Main cavity on the back side of the body containing the cranial and spinal cavities.
duoden(o) duodenum
encephal(o) brain
endocrine system Body system that includes glands that secrete hormones to regulate certain body functions.
enter(o) intestines
epigastic region Area of the body immediately above the stomach.
episi(o) vulva
epithelial tissue Tissue that covers or lines the body or its parts.
frontal plane Imaginary line that divides that body into anterior and posterior positions.
gastr(o) stomach
gingiv(o) gum
gloss(o) tongue
gnath(o) jaw
gonad(o) sex glands
hem(a), hemat(o), hemo blood
hemic system Organs involved in the production of blood including the cellular and the molecular components essential in providing defenses against foreign organisms or substances.
hepat(o),hepatic(o) liver
hidr(o) sweat
histi(o), histo tissue
hypochondriac regions Left and right regions of the body just below the cartilage of the ribs and immediately above the abdomen.
hypogastric regions Areas of the body just below the umbilical region.
hyster(o) uterus, hysteria
ile(o) ileum
ili(o) ilium
iliac regions Left and right regions of the body near the upper portions of the hip bone.
inferior Below another body structure.
inguin(o) groin
inguinal regions Left and right regions of the body near the upper portion of the hip bone.
integumentary system Body system that includes skin, hair, and nails.
irid(o) iris
ischi(o) ischium
kary(o) nucleus
kerat(o) cornea
labi(o) lip
lamin(o) lamina
lapar(o) abdominal wall
laryng(o) larynx
lateral to the side
lateral plane Imaginary line that divides the body perpendicularly to the medial plane.
left lower quadrant (LLQ) Quadrant on the lower left anterior side of the patient's body.
left upper quadrant (LUQ) Quadrant on the upper left anterior side of the patient's body.
linguo tongue
lip(o) fat
lumbar region Left and right regions of the body near the waist on the dorsal (or posterior) side.
lymph(o) lymph
lymphatic and immune system Body system that includes the lymph, glands of the lymphatic system, lymphatic vessels, and the specific and nonspecific defenses of the immune system.
mast(o) breast
maxill(o) maxilla
medial At or near the middle (of the body)
medial plane Imaginary line that divides the body into equal left and right halves.
medull(o) medulla
mening(o) meninges
midsagittal plane See medial plane
muco mucus
muscle tissue Tissue that is able to contract and relax
musculoskeletal system Body system that includes muscles, bones, and cartilage.
my(o) muscle
myel(o) spinal cords; bone marrow
nephr(o) kidney
nervous system Body system that includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves and controls most body functions by sending and receiving messages.
nervous tissue Specialized tissue that forms nerve cells and is capable of transmitting messages.
neur, neuro nerve
oculo eye
odont(o) tooth
onych(o) nail
oo egg
oophor(o) ovary
ophthalm(o eye
opto, optico eye; sight
or(o) mouth
orchi(o),orchid(o) testis
organ Group of specialized tissue that performs a specific function.
osseo, ossi bone
ost(e),osteo bone
ot(o) ear
ovari(o) ovary
ovi, ovo egg; ova
ped(o), pedi food; child
pelvi(o), pelvo pelvic bone; hip
pelvic cavity Body space below the abdominal cavity that includes the reproductive organs.
pharyng(o) pharynx
phleb(o) vein
phren(o), phreni, phrenico mind; diaphragm
pil(o) hair
plasma, plasmo, plasmat(o) plasma
pleur(o), pleura rib; side; pleura
pneum(a), pneumat(o) lungs; air; breathing
pod(o) foot
posterior At or toward the back side (of the body)
proct(o) anus
prone Lying on the stomach with the face down.
proximal At or near the point of attachment of the trunk.
psych(o), psyche mind
pulmon(o) lung
pyel(o) renal pelvis
rachi(o) spine
rect(o) rectum
reni, reno kidney
reproductive system Either the male or female body system that controls reproduction
respiratory system Body system that includes the lings and airways and performs breathing.
rhin(o) nose
right lower quadrant (RLQ) Quadrant on the lower right anterior side of the patient's body
right upper quadrant (RUQ) Quadrant on the upper right anterior side of the patient's body.
sacr(o) sacrum
sagittal plane Imaginary line that divides the body into right and left portions.
sarco fleshy tissue; muscle
scler(o) sclera
sensory system Body system that includes the eyes and ears and those parts of other systems involved in the reactions of the five senses.
sial(o) salivary glands; saliva
sigmoid(o) sigmoid colon
somat(o) body
sperma,spermato,spermo semen;spermatozoa
spinal cavity Body space that contains the spinal cord.
splanchn(o), splanchni viscera
splen(o) spleen
spondyl(o) vertebra
stern(o) sternum
steth(o) chest
stom(a),stomat(o) mouth
superficial at or near the surface (of the body).
superior above another body structure
supine lying on the spine facing upward.
system Any group of organs and ancillary parts that work together to perform a major body function.
ten(o),tendin(o), tendo, tenon(o) tendon
test(o) testis
thorac(o), thoracico thorax, chest
thoracic cavity Body space above the abdominal cavity that contains the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels.
thym(o) thymus gland
thyr(o) thyroid gland
tissue Any group of cells that work together to perform a single function.
trache(o) trachea
trachel(o) neck
transverse plane Imaginary line that intersects the body horizontally.
trich(o), trichi hair
umbilical region Area of the body surrounding the umbilicus.
urinary system Body system that includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra and helps maintain homeostasis by removing fluid and dissolved waste.
varico varicosity
vas(o) blood vessel; duct
vasculo blood vessel
veni, veno vein
ventral at or toward the front (of the body)
ventral cavity Major cavity in the front of the body containing the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic cavities.
ventricul(o) ventricle
vertebro vertebra
vesic(o) bladder
abscess Localized collection of pus and other exudate,usually accompanied by swelling and redness.
acne Inflammatory eruption of the skin, occurring in or near sebaceous glands on the face, neck, shoulder, or upper neck.
acne vulgaris See acne
actinic keratosis Overgrowth of horny skin that forms from overexposure to sunlight; sunburn.
adip(o) fatty
adipose Fatty; relating to fat
allograft Skin graft using donor skin from one person to another
albinism Rare, congenital condition causing either partial or total lack of pigmentation.
alopecia areata Loss of hair in patches, loss of hair in spots, baldness.
alpha-hydroxy acid Agent added to cosmetics to improve the skin's appearance.
anesthetic Agent that relieves pain by blocking nerve sensations
antibacterial Agent that kills or slows the growth of a bacteria.
antibiotic Agent that kills or slows the growth of microorganisms.
antifungal Agent that kills or slows the growth of fungi.
antihistamine Agent that controls allergic reactions by blocking the effectiveness of histamines in the body.
anti-inflammatory Agent that relieves the symptoms of inflammations.
antipruritic Agent that controls itching
antiseptic Agent that kills or slows the growth of microorganisms.
apocrine glands Glands that appear during and after puberty and secret sweat, as from the armpits.
astringent Agent that removes excess oils and impurities from the surface of skin.
autograft Skin graft using skin from one's own body
basal cell carcinoma Slow-growing cancer of the basal cells of teh epidermis, usually a result of sun damage.
biopsy Excision of tissue for microscopic examination.
birthmark Lesion (especially a hemangioma) visible at or soon after birth; nevus
blackhead See Comedo Open hair follicle filled with bacteria and sebum; common in acne; blackhead.
bulla(pl.bullae) Bubble-like blister on the surface of the skin.
burn Damage to the skin caused by exposure to heat, chemicals, electricity, radiation, or other skin irritants.
callus Mass of hard skin that forms as a cover over broken skin on certain areas of the body, especially the feet and hands.
candidiasis Yeast-like fungus on the skin, caused by Candida; characterized by pruritus, white exudate, peeling, and easy bleeding; examples are thrush and diaper rash.
carbuncle Infected area of the skin producing pus and usually accompanied by fever.
cauterize To apply heat to an area to cause coagulation and stop bleeding.
cellulitis Severe inflammation of the dermis and subcutaneous portions of the skin, usually caused by an infection that enters the skin through an opening as a wound; characterized by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling.
chemotherapy Treatment of cancer that uses chemicals to destroy malignant cells
chloasma Group of fairly large, pigmented facial patches, often associated with pregnancy
cicatrix Growth of fibrous tissue inside a wound that forms a scar; also, general term for scar.
cold sore Eruption around the mouth or lips; herpes simplex virus type 1.
collagen Major protein substance that is tough and flexible and that forms connective tissue in the body.
comedo Open hair follicle filled with bacteria and sebum; common in acne; blackhead.
corium See dermis Layer of skin beneath the epidermis containing blood vessels, nerves, and some glands
corn Growth of hard skin, usually on the toes.
corticosteroid Agent with anti-inflammatory properties.
crust Hard layer, especially one found by dried pus, as in a scab.
cryosurgery Surgery that removes tissue by freezing it with liquid nitrogen.
currettage Removal of tissue from an area, such as a wound, by scraping.
cuticle Thin band of epidermis that surrounds the edge of nails, except at the top.
cyst Abnormal sac containing fluid
debridement Removal of dead tissue from a wound.
decubitus ulcer Chronic ulcer on skin over bony parts that are under constant pressure.
depigmentation Loss of color of the skin
dermabrasion Removal of wrinkles, scars, tattoos, and other marks by scraping with brushes or emery papers
dermatitis Inflammation of the skin
dermat(o) skin
diaphoresis Excretion of fluid by the sweat glands; sweating.
discord lupus erythematosus Mild form of lupus
ecchymosis (pl. ecchymoses) Purplish skin patch(bruise) caused by broken blood vessels beneath the surface.
eccrine glands sweat glands that occur all over the body, except where the apocrine glands occur.
eczema severe inflammatory condition of the skin, usually of unknown cause.
electrodesiccation Drying with electrical current.
emollient Agent that smooths or softens skin.
epidermis Outer portion of the skin containing several strata
erosion wearing away of the surface of the skin, especially that caused by friction.
exanthematous viral disease Viral disease that causes a rash on the skin.
excoriation Injury to the surface of the skin caused by a scratch, abrasion, or burn, usually accompanied by some oozing.
exocrine glands glands that secret through ducts toward the outside of the body
exudate Any fluid excreted out of tissue, especially fluid excreted out of an injury to the skin.
fever blister eruption around the mouth or lips; herpes simplex virus Type 1
first-degree burn least severe burn, causes injury to the surfaces of the skin without blistering.
fissure Deep slit in the skin.
fulguration destruction of tissue using electric sparks.
furuncle localized skin infection, usually in a hair follicle and containing pus; boil
gangrene Death of an area of skin, usually caused by loss of blood supply to the area.
genital herpes See herpes simplex virus Type 2 Herpes that recurs on the genitalia; can be easily transmitted from on person to another through sexual contact.
hair follicle tube-like sac in the epidermis out of which the hair shaft develops.
hair root portion of hair beneath the skin surface.
hair shaft portion of the hair visible above the skin surface.
herpes an inflammatory skin disease caused by viruses of the family Herpesviridae.
herpes simplex virus Type 1 Herpes that recurs on the lips and around the area of the mouth, usually during viral illnesses or states of stress.
herpes simplex virus Type 2 Herpes that recurs on the genitalia; can be easily transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact.
herpes zoster Painful herpes that affects nerve roots; shingles.
heterograft skin graft using donor skin from one species to another
hidr(o) sweat, sweat glands
hives See urticaria group of reddish wheals, usually accompanied by pruritus and often caused by an allergy.
homograft skin graft using donor skin from one person to another.
hypodermis Subcutaneous skin layer; layer below the dermis
ichthy(o) fish, scaly
impetigo a type of pyoderma
integument skin and all the elements that are contained within and arise from it
intradermal from within the skin, particularly from the dermis
Kaposi's sarcoma skin cancer associated with AIDS
keloid thick scarring of the skin that forms after an injury or surgery.
keratin hard, horny protein that forms nails and hair.
kerat(o) horny tissue
keratolytic Agent that aids in the removal of warts and corns.
keratosis lesion on the epidermis containing keratin
lesion wound, damage, or injury to the skin.
leukoderma absence of pigment in the skin or in an area of the skin
leukoplakia white patch of mucus membrane on the tongue or cheek
lip(o) fatty
lunula(pl. lunulae) half-moon shaped area at the base of the nail plate.
macule small, flat, noticeably colored spot on the skin.
malignant melanoma virulent skin cancer originating in the melanocytes, usually caused by overexposure to the sun.
Mantoux test test for tuberculosis in which a small dose of tuberculin in injected into the skin with a syringe.
melan(o) black, very dark
melanin pigment produced by melanocytes that determines skin, hair, and eye color.
melanocyte cell in the epidermis that produces melanin
Moh's surgery removal of thin layers of malignant tissue until nonmalignant tissues is found.
myc(o) fungus
nail thin layer of keratin that covers the distal portion of fingers and toes.
neoplasm abnormal tissue growth.
nevus(pl. nevi) birthmark
nodule small knob of tissue
onych(o) nail
onychia, onychitis inflammation of the nail
onychopathy disease of the nail.
papillary layer thin sublayer of the dermis containing small papillae (nipple-like masses).
papule small, solid elevation on the skin
parasiticide Agent that kills or slows the growth of parasites.
paronychia inflammation, with pus, of the fold surrounding the nail plate.
patch small area of skin differing in color from the surrounding area.
patch test test for allergic sensitivity in which a small dose of antigen is applied to the skin on a small piece of gauze
pediculated polyp polyp that projects upward from slender stalk.
pediculosis lice infestation
pemphigus autoimmune disease that causes skin blistering
petechia(pl. petechiae) tiny hemorrhages beneath the surface of the skin.
pil(o) hair
pilonidal cyst cyst containing hair, usually found at the lower end of the spinal cord.
plantar wart wart on the sole of the foot.
plaque see patch small area of skin differing in color from the surrounding area.
plastic surgery repair or reconstruction(as of the skin) by means of surgery.
polyp bulging mass of tissue that projects outward from the skin surface.
pore opening or hole, particularly in the skin.
pressure sore See decubitus ulcer. Chronic ulcer on skin over bony parts that are under constant pressure.
pruritus itching
psoriasis chronic skin condition accompanied by scaly lesions with extreme pruritus.
purpura skin condition with extensive hemorrhages underneath the skin covering a wide area.
pustule small elevation on the skin containing pus.
pyoderma any inflammation of the skin that produces pus.
radiation therapy treatment of cancer that uses ionizing radiation to destroy malignant cells.
reticular layer Bottom sublayer of the dermis containing reticula(network of structures with connective tissue between).
ringworm fungal infection; tinea
rosacea vascular disease that causes blotchy, red patches on the skin, particularly on the nose and cheeks.
roseola skin eruption small, rosy patches, usually caused by a virus.
rubella disease that causes a viral skin rash; German measles.
rubeola disease that causes a viral skin rash; measles.
scabies skin eruption caused by a mite burrowing into the skin.
scale small plate of hard skin that falls off.
Schick test test for diphtheria
scleroderma thickening of the skin caused by an increase in collagen formation.
scratch test test for allergic sensitivity in which a small amount of antigen is scratched onto the surface of the skin.
sebaceous cyst cyst containing yellow sebum.
sebaceous glands glands in the dermis that open to hair follicles and secrete sebum.
seb(o) sebum, sebaceous glands.
seborrhea overproduction of sebum by the sebaceous glands.
sebum oily substance, usually secreted into hair follicle.
second-degree burn moderately severe burn that affects the epidermis and dermis; usually involves blistering.
sessile polyp polyp that projects upward from a broad base.
shingles viral disease affecting peripheral nerves and caused by herpes zoster.
skin graft placement of fresh skin over a damaged area.
squamous cell carcinoma cancer of the squamous epithelium
squamous epithelium flat, scaly layer of cells that makes up the epidermis.
steat(o) fat
stratified squamous epithelium layers of epithelial cells that make up the strata of the epidermis.
stratum(pl. strata) layer of tissue, especially a layer of skin.
striae stretch marks made in the collagen fibers of the dermis layer.
subcutaneous layer bottom layer of the skin containing fatty tissue.
sweat glands coiled glands of the skin that secrete perspiration to regulate body temperature and excrete waste products.
systemic lupus erythematosus most severe form of lupus, involving internal organs.
third-degree burns most severe type of burns; involving complete destruction of an area of skin.
tine test test for tuberculosis in which a small dose of tuberculin is injected into a series of sites within a small space with a tine (instrument that punctures the surface of the skin).
tinea fungal infection; ringworm
topical anesthetic anesthetic applied to the surface of the skin.
trich(o) hair
tumor any mass of tissue; swelling
ulcer open lesion, usually with superficial loss of tissue.
ultraviolet light artificial sunlight used to treat some skin lesions.
urticaria group of reddish wheals, usually accompanied by pruritus and often caused by an allergy.
varicella contagious skin disease, usually occurring during childhood, often accompanied by the formation of pustules; chicken pox.
vascular lesion lesion in a blood vessel that shows through the skin.
verruca(pl. verrucae) flesh-colored growth, sometimes caused by a virus; wart.
vesicle small, raised sac on the skin containing fluid.
vitiligo condition in which white patches appear on otherwise normally pigmented skin.
wart See verruca flesh-colored growth, sometimes caused by virus; wart
wheal itchy patch of raised skin.
whitehead closed comedo that does not contain the dark bacteria present in blackheads.
xanth(o) yellow
xenograft See heterograft skin graft using donor skin from species to another.
xer(o) dry
bx biopsy
DLE Discoid Lupus Erythematosus
PPD Psoralen-ultraviolet a light therapy
SLE System Lupus Erythematosus
acetabul(o) acetabulum
acetabulum cup-shaped depression in the hip bone into which the top of the femur fits.
acromi(o) end point of the scapula
acromion part of the scapula that connects to the clavicle.
amphiarthroses cartilaginous joint having some movement at the union of two bones
amputation Cutting off of a limb or part of a limb.
analgesic to relieve pain aspirin acetaminophen (NSAIDS are also analgesics.) Agents that relieve pain.
ankle Hinged area between the lower leg bones and the bones of the foot.
ankyl(o) bent crooked
ankylo
Medical Terminology
Question Combining Forms Answer
abdominal cavity Body pace between abdominal walls, above the pelvis, and below the diaphragm.
abdomin(o) abdomen
acetabul(o) cut-shaped hip socket
aden(o) gland
adip(o) fat
adren(o) adrenal glands
alveol(o) air sac, alveolus
angi(o) vessel
anterior At or toward the front(of the body).
aort(o) aorta
appendic(o) appendix
arteri(o) artery
arteriol(o) arteriole a tiny artery connecting to a capillary.
arthr(o) joint; articulation
aur(i), auricul(o) ear
blephar(o) eyelid
brachi(o) arm
blood system Body system that includes blood and all its component parts
bronch(o), bronchi bronchus
bucc(o) cheek
burs(o)_ bursa
calcane(o) heel bone
cardi(o) heart;esophageal opening of the stomach
cardiovascular system Body system that includes the heart and blood vessels; circulatory system.
carp(o) wrist bones
celi(o) abdomen
cell Smallest unit of a living structure
cephal(o) head
cerebell(o) cerebellum
cerebr(o) cerebellum
cervic(o) neck;cervix
cheil(o), chil(o) lip
chir(o) hand
chol(e), cholo bile
chondri(o), chondro cartilage
col(o), colon(o) colon
colp(o) vagina
connective tissue Fibrous substance that forms the body's supportive framework.
core(o) pupil
coronal plane Imaginary line that divides the body into anterior and posterior positions
cranial cavity Space in the head that contains the brain
cortic(o) cortex
costi, costo rib
crani(o) cranium
cross-sectional plane Imaginary line that insects the body horizontally.
cyst(i), cysto bladder; cyst
cyt(o) cell
dactyl(o) fingers,toes
deep Away from the surface (of the body).
dent(i), dento tooth
derm(o), derma,dermat(o) skin
diaphragm Muscle that divides the abdominal and thoracic cavities.
digestive system Body system that includes all organs of digestion and waste excretions, from the mouth to the anus.
distal Away from the point of attachment of the trunk.
dorsal At or toward the back of the body
dorsal cavity Main cavity on the back side of the body containing the cranial and spinal cavities.
duoden(o) duodenum
encephal(o) brain
endocrine system Body system that includes glands that secrete hormones to regulate certain body functions.
enter(o) intestines
epigastic region Area of the body immediately above the stomach.
episi(o) vulva
epithelial tissue Tissue that covers or lines the body or its parts.
frontal plane Imaginary line that divides that body into anterior and posterior positions.
gastr(o) stomach
gingiv(o) gum
gloss(o) tongue
gnath(o) jaw
gonad(o) sex glands
hem(a), hemat(o), hemo blood
hemic system Organs involved in the production of blood including the cellular and the molecular components essential in providing defenses against foreign organisms or substances.
hepat(o),hepatic(o) liver
hidr(o) sweat
histi(o), histo tissue
hypochondriac regions Left and right regions of the body just below the cartilage of the ribs and immediately above the abdomen.
hypogastric regions Areas of the body just below the umbilical region.
hyster(o) uterus, hysteria
ile(o) ileum
ili(o) ilium
iliac regions Left and right regions of the body near the upper portions of the hip bone.
inferior Below another body structure.
inguin(o) groin
inguinal regions Left and right regions of the body near the upper portion of the hip bone.
integumentary system Body system that includes skin, hair, and nails.
irid(o) iris
ischi(o) ischium
kary(o) nucleus
kerat(o) cornea
labi(o) lip
lamin(o) lamina
lapar(o) abdominal wall
laryng(o) larynx
lateral to the side
lateral plane Imaginary line that divides the body perpendicularly to the medial plane.
left lower quadrant (LLQ) Quadrant on the lower left anterior side of the patient's body.
left upper quadrant (LUQ) Quadrant on the upper left anterior side of the patient's body.
linguo tongue
lip(o) fat
lumbar region Left and right regions of the body near the waist on the dorsal (or posterior) side.
lymph(o) lymph
lymphatic and immune system Body system that includes the lymph, glands of the lymphatic system, lymphatic vessels, and the specific and nonspecific defenses of the immune system.
mast(o) breast
maxill(o) maxilla
medial At or near the middle (of the body)
medial plane Imaginary line that divides the body into equal left and right halves.
medull(o) medulla
mening(o) meninges
midsagittal plane See medial plane
muco mucus
muscle tissue Tissue that is able to contract and relax
musculoskeletal system Body system that includes muscles, bones, and cartilage.
my(o) muscle
myel(o) spinal cords; bone marrow
nephr(o) kidney
nervous system Body system that includes the brain, spinal cord, and nerves and controls most body functions by sending and receiving messages.
nervous tissue Specialized tissue that forms nerve cells and is capable of transmitting messages.
neur, neuro nerve
oculo eye
odont(o) tooth
onych(o) nail
oo egg
oophor(o) ovary
ophthalm(o eye
opto, optico eye; sight
or(o) mouth
orchi(o),orchid(o) testis
organ Group of specialized tissue that performs a specific function.
osseo, ossi bone
ost(e),osteo bone
ot(o) ear
ovari(o) ovary
ovi, ovo egg; ova
ped(o), pedi food; child
pelvi(o), pelvo pelvic bone; hip
pelvic cavity Body space below the abdominal cavity that includes the reproductive organs.
pharyng(o) pharynx
phleb(o) vein
phren(o), phreni, phrenico mind; diaphragm
pil(o) hair
plasma, plasmo, plasmat(o) plasma
pleur(o), pleura rib; side; pleura
pneum(a), pneumat(o) lungs; air; breathing
pod(o) foot
posterior At or toward the back side (of the body)
proct(o) anus
prone Lying on the stomach with the face down.
proximal At or near the point of attachment of the trunk.
psych(o), psyche mind
pulmon(o) lung
pyel(o) renal pelvis
rachi(o) spine
rect(o) rectum
reni, reno kidney
reproductive system Either the male or female body system that controls reproduction
respiratory system Body system that includes the lings and airways and performs breathing.
rhin(o) nose
right lower quadrant (RLQ) Quadrant on the lower right anterior side of the patient's body
right upper quadrant (RUQ) Quadrant on the upper right anterior side of the patient's body.
sacr(o) sacrum
sagittal plane Imaginary line that divides the body into right and left portions.
sarco fleshy tissue; muscle
scler(o) sclera
sensory system Body system that includes the eyes and ears and those parts of other systems involved in the reactions of the five senses.
sial(o) salivary glands; saliva
sigmoid(o) sigmoid colon
somat(o) body
sperma,spermato,spermo semen;spermatozoa
spinal cavity Body space that contains the spinal cord.
splanchn(o), splanchni viscera
splen(o) spleen
spondyl(o) vertebra
stern(o) sternum
steth(o) chest
stom(a),stomat(o) mouth
superficial at or near the surface (of the body).
superior above another body structure
supine lying on the spine facing upward.
system Any group of organs and ancillary parts that work together to perform a major body function.
ten(o),tendin(o), tendo, tenon(o) tendon
test(o) testis
thorac(o), thoracico thorax, chest
thoracic cavity Body space above the abdominal cavity that contains the heart, lungs, and major blood vessels.
thym(o) thymus gland
thyr(o) thyroid gland
tissue Any group of cells that work together to perform a single function.
trache(o) trachea
trachel(o) neck
transverse plane Imaginary line that intersects the body horizontally.
trich(o), trichi hair
umbilical region Area of the body surrounding the umbilicus.
urinary system Body system that includes the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra and helps maintain homeostasis by removing fluid and dissolved waste.
varico varicosity
vas(o) blood vessel; duct
vasculo blood vessel
veni, veno vein
ventral at or toward the front (of the body)
ventral cavity Major cavity in the front of the body containing the thoracic, abdominal, and pelvic cavities.
ventricul(o) ventricle
vertebro vertebra
vesic(o) bladder
abscess Localized collection of pus and other exudate,usually accompanied by swelling and redness.
acne Inflammatory eruption of the skin, occurring in or near sebaceous glands on the face, neck, shoulder, or upper neck.
acne vulgaris See acne
actinic keratosis Overgrowth of horny skin that forms from overexposure to sunlight; sunburn.
adip(o) fatty
adipose Fatty; relating to fat
allograft Skin graft using donor skin from one person to another
albinism Rare, congenital condition causing either partial or total lack of pigmentation.
alopecia areata Loss of hair in patches, loss of hair in spots, baldness.
alpha-hydroxy acid Agent added to cosmetics to improve the skin's appearance.
anesthetic Agent that relieves pain by blocking nerve sensations
antibacterial Agent that kills or slows the growth of a bacteria.
antibiotic Agent that kills or slows the growth of microorganisms.
antifungal Agent that kills or slows the growth of fungi.
antihistamine Agent that controls allergic reactions by blocking the effectiveness of histamines in the body.
anti-inflammatory Agent that relieves the symptoms of inflammations.
antipruritic Agent that controls itching
antiseptic Agent that kills or slows the growth of microorganisms.
apocrine glands Glands that appear during and after puberty and secret sweat, as from the armpits.
astringent Agent that removes excess oils and impurities from the surface of skin.
autograft Skin graft using skin from one's own body
basal cell carcinoma Slow-growing cancer of the basal cells of teh epidermis, usually a result of sun damage.
biopsy Excision of tissue for microscopic examination.
birthmark Lesion (especially a hemangioma) visible at or soon after birth; nevus
blackhead See Comedo Open hair follicle filled with bacteria and sebum; common in acne; blackhead.
bulla(pl.bullae) Bubble-like blister on the surface of the skin.
burn Damage to the skin caused by exposure to heat, chemicals, electricity, radiation, or other skin irritants.
callus Mass of hard skin that forms as a cover over broken skin on certain areas of the body, especially the feet and hands.
candidiasis Yeast-like fungus on the skin, caused by Candida; characterized by pruritus, white exudate, peeling, and easy bleeding; examples are thrush and diaper rash.
carbuncle Infected area of the skin producing pus and usually accompanied by fever.
cauterize To apply heat to an area to cause coagulation and stop bleeding.
cellulitis Severe inflammation of the dermis and subcutaneous portions of the skin, usually caused by an infection that enters the skin through an opening as a wound; characterized by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling.
chemotherapy Treatment of cancer that uses chemicals to destroy malignant cells
chloasma Group of fairly large, pigmented facial patches, often associated with pregnancy
cicatrix Growth of fibrous tissue inside a wound that forms a scar; also, general term for scar.
cold sore Eruption around the mouth or lips; herpes simplex virus type 1.
collagen Major protein substance that is tough and flexible and that forms connective tissue in the body.
comedo Open hair follicle filled with bacteria and sebum; common in acne; blackhead.
corium See dermis Layer of skin beneath the epidermis containing blood vessels, nerves, and some glands
corn Growth of hard skin, usually on the toes.
corticosteroid Agent with anti-inflammatory properties.
crust Hard layer, especially one found by dried pus, as in a scab.
cryosurgery Surgery that removes tissue by freezing it with liquid nitrogen.
currettage Removal of tissue from an area, such as a wound, by scraping.
cuticle Thin band of epidermis that surrounds the edge of nails, except at the top.
cyst Abnormal sac containing fluid
debridement Removal of dead tissue from a wound.
decubitus ulcer Chronic ulcer on skin over bony parts that are under constant pressure.
depigmentation Loss of color of the skin
dermabrasion Removal of wrinkles, scars, tattoos, and other marks by scraping with brushes or emery papers
dermatitis Inflammation of the skin
dermat(o) skin
diaphoresis Excretion of fluid by the sweat glands; sweating.
discord lupus erythematosus Mild form of lupus
ecchymosis (pl. ecchymoses) Purplish skin patch(bruise) caused by broken blood vessels beneath the surface.
eccrine glands sweat glands that occur all over the body, except where the apocrine glands occur.
eczema severe inflammatory condition of the skin, usually of unknown cause.
electrodesiccation Drying with electrical current.
emollient Agent that smooths or softens skin.
epidermis Outer portion of the skin containing several strata
erosion wearing away of the surface of the skin, especially that caused by friction.
exanthematous viral disease Viral disease that causes a rash on the skin.
excoriation Injury to the surface of the skin caused by a scratch, abrasion, or burn, usually accompanied by some oozing.
exocrine glands glands that secret through ducts toward the outside of the body
exudate Any fluid excreted out of tissue, especially fluid excreted out of an injury to the skin.
fever blister eruption around the mouth or lips; herpes simplex virus Type 1
first-degree burn least severe burn, causes injury to the surfaces of the skin without blistering.
fissure Deep slit in the skin.
fulguration destruction of tissue using electric sparks.
furuncle localized skin infection, usually in a hair follicle and containing pus; boil
gangrene Death of an area of skin, usually caused by loss of blood supply to the area.
genital herpes See herpes simplex virus Type 2 Herpes that recurs on the genitalia; can be easily transmitted from on person to another through sexual contact.
hair follicle tube-like sac in the epidermis out of which the hair shaft develops.
hair root portion of hair beneath the skin surface.
hair shaft portion of the hair visible above the skin surface.
herpes an inflammatory skin disease caused by viruses of the family Herpesviridae.
herpes simplex virus Type 1 Herpes that recurs on the lips and around the area of the mouth, usually during viral illnesses or states of stress.
herpes simplex virus Type 2 Herpes that recurs on the genitalia; can be easily transmitted from one person to another through sexual contact.
herpes zoster Painful herpes that affects nerve roots; shingles.
heterograft skin graft using donor skin from one species to another
hidr(o) sweat, sweat glands
hives See urticaria group of reddish wheals, usually accompanied by pruritus and often caused by an allergy.
homograft skin graft using donor skin from one person to another.
hypodermis Subcutaneous skin layer; layer below the dermis
ichthy(o) fish, scaly
impetigo a type of pyoderma
integument skin and all the elements that are contained within and arise from it
intradermal from within the skin, particularly from the dermis
Kaposi's sarcoma skin cancer associated with AIDS
keloid thick scarring of the skin that forms after an injury or surgery.
keratin hard, horny protein that forms nails and hair.
kerat(o) horny tissue
keratolytic Agent that aids in the removal of warts and corns.
keratosis lesion on the epidermis containing keratin
lesion wound, damage, or injury to the skin.
leukoderma absence of pigment in the skin or in an area of the skin
leukoplakia white patch of mucus membrane on the tongue or cheek
lip(o) fatty
lunula(pl. lunulae) half-moon shaped area at the base of the nail plate.
macule small, flat, noticeably colored spot on the skin.
malignant melanoma virulent skin cancer originating in the melanocytes, usually caused by overexposure to the sun.
Mantoux test test for tuberculosis in which a small dose of tuberculin in injected into the skin with a syringe.
melan(o) black, very dark
melanin pigment produced by melanocytes that determines skin, hair, and eye color.
melanocyte cell in the epidermis that produces melanin
Moh's surgery removal of thin layers of malignant tissue until nonmalignant tissues is found.
myc(o) fungus
nail thin layer of keratin that covers the distal portion of fingers and toes.
neoplasm abnormal tissue growth.
nevus(pl. nevi) birthmark
nodule small knob of tissue
onych(o) nail
onychia, onychitis inflammation of the nail
onychopathy disease of the nail.
papillary layer thin sublayer of the dermis containing small papillae (nipple-like masses).
papule small, solid elevation on the skin
parasiticide Agent that kills or slows the growth of parasites.
paronychia inflammation, with pus, of the fold surrounding the nail plate.
patch small area of skin differing in color from the surrounding area.
patch test test for allergic sensitivity in which a small dose of antigen is applied to the skin on a small piece of gauze
pediculated polyp polyp that projects upward from slender stalk.
pediculosis lice infestation
pemphigus autoimmune disease that causes skin blistering
petechia(pl. petechiae) tiny hemorrhages beneath the surface of the skin.
pil(o) hair
pilonidal cyst cyst containing hair, usually found at the lower end of the spinal cord.
plantar wart wart on the sole of the foot.
plaque see patch small area of skin differing in color from the surrounding area.
plastic surgery repair or reconstruction(as of the skin) by means of surgery.
polyp bulging mass of tissue that projects outward from the skin surface.
pore opening or hole, particularly in the skin.
pressure sore See decubitus ulcer. Chronic ulcer on skin over bony parts that are under constant pressure.
pruritus itching
psoriasis chronic skin condition accompanied by scaly lesions with extreme pruritus.
purpura skin condition with extensive hemorrhages underneath the skin covering a wide area.
pustule small elevation on the skin containing pus.
pyoderma any inflammation of the skin that produces pus.
radiation therapy treatment of cancer that uses ionizing radiation to destroy malignant cells.
reticular layer Bottom sublayer of the dermis containing reticula(network of structures with connective tissue between).
ringworm fungal infection; tinea
rosacea vascular disease that causes blotchy, red patches on the skin, particularly on the nose and cheeks.
roseola skin eruption small, rosy patches, usually caused by a virus.
rubella disease that causes a viral skin rash; German measles.
rubeola disease that causes a viral skin rash; measles.
scabies skin eruption caused by a mite burrowing into the skin.
scale small plate of hard skin that falls off.
Schick test test for diphtheria
scleroderma thickening of the skin caused by an increase in collagen formation.
scratch test test for allergic sensitivity in which a small amount of antigen is scratched onto the surface of the skin.
sebaceous cyst cyst containing yellow sebum.
sebaceous glands glands in the dermis that open to hair follicles and secrete sebum.
seb(o) sebum, sebaceous glands.
seborrhea overproduction of sebum by the sebaceous glands.
sebum oily substance, usually secreted into hair follicle.
second-degree burn moderately severe burn that affects the epidermis and dermis; usually involves blistering.
sessile polyp polyp that projects upward from a broad base.
shingles viral disease affecting peripheral nerves and caused by herpes zoster.
skin graft placement of fresh skin over a damaged area.
squamous cell carcinoma cancer of the squamous epithelium
squamous epithelium flat, scaly layer of cells that makes up the epidermis.
steat(o) fat
stratified squamous epithelium layers of epithelial cells that make up the strata of the epidermis.
stratum(pl. strata) layer of tissue, especially a layer of skin.
striae stretch marks made in the collagen fibers of the dermis layer.
subcutaneous layer bottom layer of the skin containing fatty tissue.
sweat glands coiled glands of the skin that secrete perspiration to regulate body temperature and excrete waste products.
systemic lupus erythematosus most severe form of lupus, involving internal organs.
third-degree burns most severe type of burns; involving complete destruction of an area of skin.
tine test test for tuberculosis in which a small dose of tuberculin is injected into a series of sites within a small space with a tine (instrument that punctures the surface of the skin).
tinea fungal infection; ringworm
topical anesthetic anesthetic applied to the surface of the skin.
trich(o) hair
tumor any mass of tissue; swelling
ulcer open lesion, usually with superficial loss of tissue.
ultraviolet light artificial sunlight used to treat some skin lesions.
urticaria group of reddish wheals, usually accompanied by pruritus and often caused by an allergy.
varicella contagious skin disease, usually occurring during childhood, often accompanied by the formation of pustules; chicken pox.
vascular lesion lesion in a blood vessel that shows through the skin.
verruca(pl. verrucae) flesh-colored growth, sometimes caused by a virus; wart.
vesicle small, raised sac on the skin containing fluid.
vitiligo condition in which white patches appear on otherwise normally pigmented skin.
wart See verruca flesh-colored growth, sometimes caused by virus; wart
wheal itchy patch of raised skin.
whitehead closed comedo that does not contain the dark bacteria present in blackheads.
xanth(o) yellow
xenograft See heterograft skin graft using donor skin from species to another.
xer(o) dry
bx biopsy
DLE Discoid Lupus Erythematosus
PPD Psoralen-ultraviolet a light therapy
SLE System Lupus Erythematosus
acetabul(o) acetabulum
acetabulum cup-shaped depression in the hip bone into which the top of the femur fits.
acromi(o) end point of the scapula
acromion part of the scapula that connects to the clavicle.
amphiarthroses cartilaginous joint having some movement at the union of two bones
amputation Cutting off of a limb or part of a limb.
analgesic to relieve pain aspirin acetaminophen (NSAIDS are also analgesics.) Agents that relieve pain.
ankle Hinged area between the lower leg bones and the bones of the foot.
ankyl(o) bent crooked
ankylo
MED TERM 2 Class Review
Question Answer
ambly/o dull, dim
blephar/o eyelid
dacry/o tear
phac/o lens
presby/o old age
aur/o ear
-acusia hearing
ather/o fatty plaque
embol/o plug
phleb/o vein
sphygm/o pulse
thromb/o blood clot
-stenosis narrowing
rhin/o nose
anthrac/o coal, coal dust
atel/o incomplete
-osmia smell
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
kary/o nucleus
myel/o bone marrow
phag/o swallowing, eating
poikil/o varied, irregular
sider/o iron
-blast embryonic cell
-penia decrease
-phoresis carrying, transmission
aniso- unequal, dissimilar
cheil/o lip
bucc/o cheek
gloss/o tongue
chol/e bile, gall
-orexia appetite
-prandial meal
-pepsia digestion
lith/o stone
crypt/o hidden
olig/o scanty
-cide killing
galact/o milk
nat/o birth
-salpinx tube
DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
STD sexually transmitted disease
ED erectile dysfunction
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
PUD peptic ulcer disease
CBC complete blood count
ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia
CXR chest x-ray
URI upper respiratory infection
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
DOE dyspnea on exertion
DVT deep vein thrombosis
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease
MVP mitral valve prolapse
IOL intraocular lens
EOM extraocular movements
PERRLA pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accomodation
Unusual intolerance and sensitivity to light photophobia
A thin, fledxible, hollow plastic tube that is small enough to be threaded through a vein, artery, or tubelike structure catheter, stent
An area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply infarct
An ECG taken with a smallo portable recording system capable of storing up to 24 hours of ECG tracings Holter monitor test
Displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils deviated nasal septum
Systemic disease associated with the presence and persistence of pathogenic microorganisms or their todxins in the blood, also called blood infection septicemia
Any disease of the lymph nodes lymphadenopathy
General lack of nutrition and wasting occurring in the course of a chronic disease or emotional disturbance cachexia
Progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes in the body, especially the GI tract peristalsis
Surgically joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another anastomosis
Voiding in frequent intervals frequency
Postpartum puerperium
Procedure in which a nonabsorbable ligature is applied around the cervix uteri to treat an incompetent uterus, thus decreasing the chance of a spontaneous abortion cerclage
Any disorder of retinal blood vessels retinopathy
Abnormal growths of new tissue that are classified as benign or malignant neoplasm
Radiation therapy in which the radioactive substance is inserted into a body cavity or organ brachytherapy
System of staging used to identiify the invasiveness of the malignant tumor TNM, Tumor, Node, Metastasis
Form of lymphoma that occurs in young adults Hodgkins
Malignancies that originate from bone, fat, muscle, cartilage, bone marrow, and cells of the lymphatic system sarcoma
Soft blowing sound heard on auscultation bruit
BBB Bundle Branch Block
Which classification of medications is used to reduce low density lipoprotein cholesterol in blood and possibly slightly increase high density lipoprotein cholesterol statins
AF Atrial Fibrillation
phag/o swallowing, eating
TAHBSO total abdominal hysterectomy bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
ESRD End Stage Renal Disease
A congenital anomaly consisting of four elements; pulmonary artery stenosis, interventricular septal defect, transposition of the aorta, and right ventriclar hypertrophy caused by increased workload of the right ventricle tetralogy of Fallot
LMP last menstrual period
Non-invasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen oximetry
Inability of the cardiac and pulmonary system to maintain an adequate exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs respiratory failure
Surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity thoracentesis
spir/o breathe
Associated with bone marrow failure. Diminished numbers of white blood cells and platelets due to bone marrow suppression. Serious form of anemia that maybe fatal Aplastic anemia (hypoplastic)
D&C dilatation and curettage
-gravida pregnant woman
Most common type of anemia worldwide iron-deficiency anemia
Treatment that provides relief, but not a cure palliative care
lith/o stone, calculus
-pepsia digestion
a- without, not
arche beginning
Donating one's own blood or bone marrow for transplantation is called autologus
The localized accumulation of blood in an organ, space or tissue is called a hematoma
GERD gastro-esophageal reflux disease
BM bowel movement
Vomiting of blood hematemesis
po by mouth
An accumulation of serous fluid in the abdomen ascites
IVP intravenous pyelography
glomerul/o glomerulus
Offensive or "bad" breath halitosis
NPO nothing by mouth
varic/o dilated vein
-ism condition
UA urinalysis
LBW low birth weight
kal/i potassium
dys bad, painful, difficult
-osis abnormal condition
The discharge of urine; urination micturition
What classification of medications is used to promote excretion of urine diuretics
Scanty or infrequent menstrual flow oligomenorrhea
-phoresis carrying, transmission
-prandial meal
cyan/o blue
-capnia carbon dioxide (CO2)
Involuntary eye movements that appear jerky and may reduce vision or be associated wih other, more serious conditions that limit vision nystagmus
Form of surgery using burning electrodesiccation
ABG Arterial Blood Gases
EU good, normal
What drug classification is used to treat chronic lung disease by suppressing the immune response and decreasing inflammation corticosteroids
-phonia voice, sound
Exaggerated, life-threatening hypersensitivity reaction to the previously encountered antigen anaphylaxis
Applying a substance to a stool sample to detect the presence of blood in feces stool guaiac
What classification of medications is used to decrease spasms in the urethra and bladder by relaxing the smooth muscles lining their walls, thus allowing normal emptying of the bladder antispasmodics
MED TERM 2 Class Review
Question Answer
ambly/o dull, dim
blephar/o eyelid
dacry/o tear
phac/o lens
presby/o old age
aur/o ear
-acusia hearing
ather/o fatty plaque
embol/o plug
phleb/o vein
sphygm/o pulse
thromb/o blood clot
-stenosis narrowing
rhin/o nose
anthrac/o coal, coal dust
atel/o incomplete
-osmia smell
-pnea breathing
-ptysis spitting
kary/o nucleus
myel/o bone marrow
phag/o swallowing, eating
poikil/o varied, irregular
sider/o iron
-blast embryonic cell
-penia decrease
-phoresis carrying, transmission
aniso- unequal, dissimilar
cheil/o lip
bucc/o cheek
gloss/o tongue
chol/e bile, gall
-orexia appetite
-prandial meal
-pepsia digestion
lith/o stone
crypt/o hidden
olig/o scanty
-cide killing
galact/o milk
nat/o birth
-salpinx tube
DUB dysfunctional uterine bleeding
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
STD sexually transmitted disease
ED erectile dysfunction
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
IBS irritable bowel syndrome
PUD peptic ulcer disease
CBC complete blood count
ALL acute lymphocytic leukemia
CXR chest x-ray
URI upper respiratory infection
CABG coronary artery bypass graft
DOE dyspnea on exertion
DVT deep vein thrombosis
AAA abdominal aortic aneurysm
ASHD arteriosclerotic heart disease
MVP mitral valve prolapse
IOL intraocular lens
EOM extraocular movements
PERRLA pupils equal, round, reactive to light and accomodation
Unusual intolerance and sensitivity to light photophobia
A thin, fledxible, hollow plastic tube that is small enough to be threaded through a vein, artery, or tubelike structure catheter, stent
An area of tissue that undergoes necrosis following cessation of blood supply infarct
An ECG taken with a smallo portable recording system capable of storing up to 24 hours of ECG tracings Holter monitor test
Displacement of cartilage dividing the nostrils deviated nasal septum
Systemic disease associated with the presence and persistence of pathogenic microorganisms or their todxins in the blood, also called blood infection septicemia
Any disease of the lymph nodes lymphadenopathy
General lack of nutrition and wasting occurring in the course of a chronic disease or emotional disturbance cachexia
Progressive, wavelike movement that occurs involuntarily in hollow tubes in the body, especially the GI tract peristalsis
Surgically joining of two ducts, vessels, or bowel segments to allow flow from one to another anastomosis
Voiding in frequent intervals frequency
Postpartum puerperium
Procedure in which a nonabsorbable ligature is applied around the cervix uteri to treat an incompetent uterus, thus decreasing the chance of a spontaneous abortion cerclage
Any disorder of retinal blood vessels retinopathy
Abnormal growths of new tissue that are classified as benign or malignant neoplasm
Radiation therapy in which the radioactive substance is inserted into a body cavity or organ brachytherapy
System of staging used to identiify the invasiveness of the malignant tumor TNM, Tumor, Node, Metastasis
Form of lymphoma that occurs in young adults Hodgkins
Malignancies that originate from bone, fat, muscle, cartilage, bone marrow, and cells of the lymphatic system sarcoma
Soft blowing sound heard on auscultation bruit
BBB Bundle Branch Block
Which classification of medications is used to reduce low density lipoprotein cholesterol in blood and possibly slightly increase high density lipoprotein cholesterol statins
AF Atrial Fibrillation
phag/o swallowing, eating
TAHBSO total abdominal hysterectomy bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
ESRD End Stage Renal Disease
A congenital anomaly consisting of four elements; pulmonary artery stenosis, interventricular septal defect, transposition of the aorta, and right ventriclar hypertrophy caused by increased workload of the right ventricle tetralogy of Fallot
LMP last menstrual period
Non-invasive method of monitoring the percentage of hemoglobin saturated with oxygen oximetry
Inability of the cardiac and pulmonary system to maintain an adequate exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide in the lungs respiratory failure
Surgical puncture and drainage of the pleural cavity thoracentesis
spir/o breathe
Associated with bone marrow failure. Diminished numbers of white blood cells and platelets due to bone marrow suppression. Serious form of anemia that maybe fatal Aplastic anemia (hypoplastic)
D&C dilatation and curettage
-gravida pregnant woman
Most common type of anemia worldwide iron-deficiency anemia
Treatment that provides relief, but not a cure palliative care
lith/o stone, calculus
-pepsia digestion
a- without, not
arche beginning
Donating one's own blood or bone marrow for transplantation is called autologus
The localized accumulation of blood in an organ, space or tissue is called a hematoma
GERD gastro-esophageal reflux disease
BM bowel movement
Vomiting of blood hematemesis
po by mouth
An accumulation of serous fluid in the abdomen ascites
IVP intravenous pyelography
glomerul/o glomerulus
Offensive or "bad" breath halitosis
NPO nothing by mouth
varic/o dilated vein
-ism condition
UA urinalysis
LBW low birth weight
kal/i potassium
dys bad, painful, difficult
-osis abnormal condition
The discharge of urine; urination micturition
What classification of medications is used to promote excretion of urine diuretics
Scanty or infrequent menstrual flow oligomenorrhea
-phoresis carrying, transmission
-prandial meal
cyan/o blue
-capnia carbon dioxide (CO2)
Involuntary eye movements that appear jerky and may reduce vision or be associated wih other, more serious conditions that limit vision nystagmus
Form of surgery using burning electrodesiccation
ABG Arterial Blood Gases
EU good, normal
What drug classification is used to treat chronic lung disease by suppressing the immune response and decreasing inflammation corticosteroids
-phonia voice, sound
Exaggerated, life-threatening hypersensitivity reaction to the previously encountered antigen anaphylaxis
Applying a substance to a stool sample to detect the presence of blood in feces stool guaiac
What classification of medications is used to decrease spasms in the urethra and bladder by relaxing the smooth muscles lining their walls, thus allowing normal emptying of the bladder antispasmodics
FINAL FACTS Medical Terminology COMPLETE Sum11
Question Answer
What does the combining form dermat/o mean? skin
abort/o = miscarry
amni/o = amnion
episi/o = vulva
fet/o = fetus
obstetr/o = midwife
-centesis = surgical puncture
-ician = one who practices
-metry = measurement or process of measuring
-tomy = incision or to cut
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia
Bx biopsy
C section cesarean section
D and C dilation and curettage
DRE digital rectal examination
ED erectile dysfunction
FAS fetal alcohol syndrome
FBD fibrocystic breast disease
GYN gynecology
HBV hepatitis B virus
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HMD hyaline membrane disease
HPV human papillomavirus
HRT hormone replacement therapy
IDC infiltrating ductal carcinoma
OB obstetrics
OB/GYN obstetrics/gynecology
Pap smear Papanicolaou smear (or test)
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PMS premenstrual syndrome
PSA prostrate
RDS respiratory distress syndrome (of the newborn)
SAB spontaneous abortion
STI sexually transmitted infection
TSS toxic shock syndrome
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
TVS transvaginal sonography
nephroma tumor of kidney
LASIK acronym
micro small
mammary glands are in what system reproductive
hypo beneath or under or below
skin belongs to what system Integumentary
arthritis inflammation of the joint
-tripsy surgically crush
rhino nose
nocturia urination at night
-metry process of measuring
osis condition of
heart belongs to what system cardiac
reduced number of RBC is aka anemia
-meter measuring instrument
predicted outcome is the . . . prognosis
mononucleosis A viral disease characterized by enlarged lymph nodes and an increased MONOcyte count
nulli none
hysterectomy removal of the uterus
melanoma is what color black
The prefix a- means without or lack of
pyuria pus in the urine
against anti-
suffix -phil affinity for
enteritis inflammation of the intestines
gout often seen in the great toe
myc/o fungus
derma, dermat, dermato skin
hematuria blood in the urine
cryptorchidism undescended testicle
ortho straight
epi on top, above, over
ABG arterial blood gases
SOB shortness of breath
MI aka heart attack
CVA aka cerebral vascular accident (stroke)
CA cancer
EKG electrocardiogram
PFT pulmonary function test
Bx biopsy
Ca calcium
bid twice a day
qd every day
HS hour of sleep
the prefix ____ means through or across trans-
-itis inflammation
carcin/o cancer
abduct take away
post- after
instrument used to examine the vaginal orifice speculum
peps/o digestive
align bones or return bones to normal position reduction
this person manipulates bones Chiropractor
deficiency -penia
if you don't use it you will lose it aka atrophy
whooping cough is aka pertussis
a tear of fibers within a ligament is called sprain
dysuria difficult or painful urination
what two languages make up the medical language Greek and Latin
heart and lungs are in what cavity thoracic
clot thrombo
-tic, -al, -ic pertaining to
-algia pain
chest pain angina pectoris
asphyxia suffocate
cells form tissue
tissue form organs
organs form systems
sub- below or beneath
circum- together
epigastric region over the stomach
critical loss of blood hemorrhage
ambi- both
surgical puncture -centesis
body structure anatomy
study of -logy
onychomycosis nail fungus condition/infection
yellow skin means what condition jaundice
abdomen abdomin/o
laryng/o voice box
pharynx throat
-stomy surgical creation of an opening
swelling adema
gastroenterologist specialist of the stomach and intestines
mal- bad
eu- good or normal
tid three times a day
-phobia fear
eponym important people
-malacia softening
hardening -sclerosis
gas passed through the anus flatulence
oligo- little
URI upper respiratory infection
-emesis vomiting
-pathy disease
micro- small
phonetic means to assist with pronunciation
urticaria hives
dysphagia difficult swallowing
tear of muscle fibers strain
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi
spitting or coughing up blood hemoptysis
disease or illness that develops slowly and last a long time chronic
arthr/o joint
peri around
hemi- half
-plasty surgical repair
-logy study of
colonoscopy visually examines the colon
large macro
specialist for kidney disease nephrologist
anti- against
myalgia muscle pain
the word part in front of a root word is the __ prefix
glyco sugar
po per oral
VS vital signs
T temperature
R respiration
BP blood pressure
intra within
leuko white
nevus mole
prophylaxis prevents infection
bisect cut in two
erythema redness
necrosis tissue death
hemolysis destruction of blood
anterior front
dyspnea difficulty breathing
suturing -rraphy
anterior towards / front
heart & lungs are in what cavity thoracic
large macro-
dermatologist specialist for skin
homeostasis process of maintaining internal stability
surgical repair -plasty
suffix word part placed at the end
aden/o gland
laryng/o combining form for voice box
anatomy study of the body structure
cerebral pertaining to the brain
over the stomach epigastric
psych/o combining form for mind
prefix -ab means away
pre before
anti- angainst
post-op after surgery
scoli/o curved
abdomen abdomin/o
yellowish coloration jaundiced
visual exam of the colon w/ an instrument colonoscopy
oligo- little
anterior curve of the lumbar spine lordosis
-penia deficiency
-tripsy surgically crush
love for -philia
digestive the system that breaks down food
carcin/o aka CA cancer
bi- two
tri- three
multi- many
anatomical body erect, palms, toes, and face forward position
combining form in mammogram mamm/o
prefix anti- against
-osis condition of
-scopy use of an instrument for viewing
endocrine is the system responsible for producing hormones
-ous, -al, and -ic mean pertaining to
muscle pain myalgia
tachy- is the prefix for fast or rapid
-centesis is the suffix meaning surgically puncture
edema swelling
dermatology means study of the skin
syst- is the root word for bladder
onych/o nail
rhin/o nose
nares nostril
EKG electrocardiogram
suffix -rrhea means excessive discharge
both ambi-
different heter-
eu- good
acronym example AIDS
urticaria hives
trans- across or through
pertaining to newborn neonatal
suturing -rraphy
pathy disease
cell cyt/o
psychology study of the mind
swallowing -phagia
sprain tear of fibers within a ligament
micro- small
leuk/o white
macro- large
straight orth/o
hypo- decreased or low
strain involving injury to a muscle
kyphosis hump back (excessive posterior curve of the thoracic spine)
around peri-
intra- within
pre- before
hemi- half
anti- against
brady slow
-sclerosis hardening
Greek & Latin languages impacting the formation & meanings of medical terms
word part providing primary meaning root
-emesis suffix
-meter measuring instrument
itchy skin pruritus
infer/o below
-stomy surgical creation of an opening
cells form tissue
-algia pain
emponyms medical terms derived from names of important people
phonetic spelling indicates the way a word would sound
bad mal-
tissues form organs
sub- & infer/o mean below
organs form systems
-itis inflammation
-phobia fear
FINAL FACTS Medical Terminology COMPLETE Sum11
Question Answer
What does the combining form dermat/o mean? skin
abort/o = miscarry
amni/o = amnion
episi/o = vulva
fet/o = fetus
obstetr/o = midwife
-centesis = surgical puncture
-ician = one who practices
-metry = measurement or process of measuring
-tomy = incision or to cut
AIDS acquired immunodeficiency syndrome
BPH benign prostatic hyperplasia
Bx biopsy
C section cesarean section
D and C dilation and curettage
DRE digital rectal examination
ED erectile dysfunction
FAS fetal alcohol syndrome
FBD fibrocystic breast disease
GYN gynecology
HBV hepatitis B virus
HIV human immunodeficiency virus
HMD hyaline membrane disease
HPV human papillomavirus
HRT hormone replacement therapy
IDC infiltrating ductal carcinoma
OB obstetrics
OB/GYN obstetrics/gynecology
Pap smear Papanicolaou smear (or test)
PID pelvic inflammatory disease
PMS premenstrual syndrome
PSA prostrate
RDS respiratory distress syndrome (of the newborn)
SAB spontaneous abortion
STI sexually transmitted infection
TSS toxic shock syndrome
TURP transurethral resection of the prostate
TVS transvaginal sonography
nephroma tumor of kidney
LASIK acronym
micro small
mammary glands are in what system reproductive
hypo beneath or under or below
skin belongs to what system Integumentary
arthritis inflammation of the joint
-tripsy surgically crush
rhino nose
nocturia urination at night
-metry process of measuring
osis condition of
heart belongs to what system cardiac
reduced number of RBC is aka anemia
-meter measuring instrument
predicted outcome is the . . . prognosis
mononucleosis A viral disease characterized by enlarged lymph nodes and an increased MONOcyte count
nulli none
hysterectomy removal of the uterus
melanoma is what color black
The prefix a- means without or lack of
pyuria pus in the urine
against anti-
suffix -phil affinity for
enteritis inflammation of the intestines
gout often seen in the great toe
myc/o fungus
derma, dermat, dermato skin
hematuria blood in the urine
cryptorchidism undescended testicle
ortho straight
epi on top, above, over
ABG arterial blood gases
SOB shortness of breath
MI aka heart attack
CVA aka cerebral vascular accident (stroke)
CA cancer
EKG electrocardiogram
PFT pulmonary function test
Bx biopsy
Ca calcium
bid twice a day
qd every day
HS hour of sleep
the prefix ____ means through or across trans-
-itis inflammation
carcin/o cancer
abduct take away
post- after
instrument used to examine the vaginal orifice speculum
peps/o digestive
align bones or return bones to normal position reduction
this person manipulates bones Chiropractor
deficiency -penia
if you don't use it you will lose it aka atrophy
whooping cough is aka pertussis
a tear of fibers within a ligament is called sprain
dysuria difficult or painful urination
what two languages make up the medical language Greek and Latin
heart and lungs are in what cavity thoracic
clot thrombo
-tic, -al, -ic pertaining to
-algia pain
chest pain angina pectoris
asphyxia suffocate
cells form tissue
tissue form organs
organs form systems
sub- below or beneath
circum- together
epigastric region over the stomach
critical loss of blood hemorrhage
ambi- both
surgical puncture -centesis
body structure anatomy
study of -logy
onychomycosis nail fungus condition/infection
yellow skin means what condition jaundice
abdomen abdomin/o
laryng/o voice box
pharynx throat
-stomy surgical creation of an opening
swelling adema
gastroenterologist specialist of the stomach and intestines
mal- bad
eu- good or normal
tid three times a day
-phobia fear
eponym important people
-malacia softening
hardening -sclerosis
gas passed through the anus flatulence
oligo- little
URI upper respiratory infection
-emesis vomiting
-pathy disease
micro- small
phonetic means to assist with pronunciation
urticaria hives
dysphagia difficult swallowing
tear of muscle fibers strain
bronchitis inflammation of the bronchi
spitting or coughing up blood hemoptysis
disease or illness that develops slowly and last a long time chronic
arthr/o joint
peri around
hemi- half
-plasty surgical repair
-logy study of
colonoscopy visually examines the colon
large macro
specialist for kidney disease nephrologist
anti- against
myalgia muscle pain
the word part in front of a root word is the __ prefix
glyco sugar
po per oral
VS vital signs
T temperature
R respiration
BP blood pressure
intra within
leuko white
nevus mole
prophylaxis prevents infection
bisect cut in two
erythema redness
necrosis tissue death
hemolysis destruction of blood
anterior front
dyspnea difficulty breathing
suturing -rraphy
anterior towards / front
heart & lungs are in what cavity thoracic
large macro-
dermatologist specialist for skin
homeostasis process of maintaining internal stability
surgical repair -plasty
suffix word part placed at the end
aden/o gland
laryng/o combining form for voice box
anatomy study of the body structure
cerebral pertaining to the brain
over the stomach epigastric
psych/o combining form for mind
prefix -ab means away
pre before
anti- angainst
post-op after surgery
scoli/o curved
abdomen abdomin/o
yellowish coloration jaundiced
visual exam of the colon w/ an instrument colonoscopy
oligo- little
anterior curve of the lumbar spine lordosis
-penia deficiency
-tripsy surgically crush
love for -philia
digestive the system that breaks down food
carcin/o aka CA cancer
bi- two
tri- three
multi- many
anatomical body erect, palms, toes, and face forward position
combining form in mammogram mamm/o
prefix anti- against
-osis condition of
-scopy use of an instrument for viewing
endocrine is the system responsible for producing hormones
-ous, -al, and -ic mean pertaining to
muscle pain myalgia
tachy- is the prefix for fast or rapid
-centesis is the suffix meaning surgically puncture
edema swelling
dermatology means study of the skin
syst- is the root word for bladder
onych/o nail
rhin/o nose
nares nostril
EKG electrocardiogram
suffix -rrhea means excessive discharge
both ambi-
different heter-
eu- good
acronym example AIDS
urticaria hives
trans- across or through
pertaining to newborn neonatal
suturing -rraphy
pathy disease
cell cyt/o
psychology study of the mind
swallowing -phagia
sprain tear of fibers within a ligament
micro- small
leuk/o white
macro- large
straight orth/o
hypo- decreased or low
strain involving injury to a muscle
kyphosis hump back (excessive posterior curve of the thoracic spine)
around peri-
intra- within
pre- before
hemi- half
anti- against
brady slow
-sclerosis hardening
Greek & Latin languages impacting the formation & meanings of medical terms
word part providing primary meaning root
-emesis suffix
-meter measuring instrument
itchy skin pruritus
infer/o below
-stomy surgical creation of an opening
cells form tissue
-algia pain
emponyms medical terms derived from names of important people
phonetic spelling indicates the way a word would sound
bad mal-
tissues form organs
sub- & infer/o mean below
organs form systems
-itis inflammation
-phobia fear