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Chp 8: Political Geography

Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (42)

States can be shaped in different ways. For example, a state can be elongated, meaning it is long and narrow, like Chile. While elongated states have varieties of landscapes, it is difficult to defend and difficult to govern the extreme sections at the top and bottom because of the distance. Furthermore, there are fragmented states, which are states that is separated by a physical or human barrier. This separation creates difficulty in communication and governing. In addition, there are perforated states, which completely surrounds other states. The surrounded nation can only be reached by going through one country. More problems can arise if there is hostility between the two nations. This makes it difficult to enter the surrounding nation. Another type is prorupted states, which have a long extension, or an extended arm of territory. This protrusion gives the state several advantages. For example, the state gets easy access to the coast and the local resources around it. In addition, prorupted states are also able to prevent a rival access. Finally are compact states, which are small and centralized. They are the simplest to manage, since the government is close to all portions of the state. The compact form helps to keep the country together by making communications easier within it. In addition, compact states are much easier to defend than states of other shapes. However, compact states are primarily small in size, and therefore may not have as many natural resources as larger states have.