5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Women in W. Europe
- Warsaw Pact
- Lech Walesa
- Dayton Accords
- a A Polish politician, a former trade union and human rights activist, and also a former electrician. He co-founded Solidarity, the Soviet bloc's first independent trade union, won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983, and served as President of Poland from 1990 to 1995.
- b 1995 peace agreement ending the war over the former Yugoslavia, between Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia
- c Work patterns and social expectations of women changed dramatically after WWII; women begin to assume larger economic and political roles.
- d treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania
- e Policy of openness initiated by Gorbachev in the 1980s that provided increased opportunities for freedom of speech, association and the press in the Soviet Union.
5 Multiple choice questions
- President of Serbia from 1989 to 1997 and of Yugoslavia 1997 to 2000. A key figure in the ethnic conflicts in the Balkans in the 1900's.
- The Soviet Bloc's first independent trade union that was non-communist controlled. Tried to change things using civil resistance. Union was outlawed but the government eventually negotiated with it and later a Solidarity dominated coalition government was put in place.
- labor party instated cradle-to-the-grave (expensive) welfare state. Nationalized the Bank of England, coal, steel, transportation, and utilities industry
- advocated a policy of support for "free people who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures"
- The east german Ministry for State Security. Regarded as one of the most effective, repressive intelligence and secret police agencies in the world.
5 True/False questions
Stalinization → social process of neutralizing the influence of Joseph Stalin by revising his policies and removing monuments dedicated to him and renaming places named in his honor
Bosnia-Herzegovina → Bosnia secedes and becomes independent in 1992. Bosnian Serbs with support of Milosevic began Ethnic Cleansing, killing Catholic Croats and Muslim Bosnians. Not quite genocide, but close. Serbs began shelling Sarajevo which lasted 3 years. (7,000 muslims illed in UN "Safe Haven" Srebrenica, 1995).
Revolts in E. Europe '53,'56,'68 → East Germany '53: There was a general strike in Berlin over working conditions. Squashed by Soviet troops. Over 3 million East Germans fled for the West, where there were promises of capitalism and freedom. '56: Poland. Gomulka tried to reform with liberalization, de-collectivization, and friendlier relationship with the Catholic Church. Since Poland stayed with the Warsaw Pact and kept Soviet control, the reforms were successful. Hungary '56. Nagy, a liberal Communist, tried liberalization, along with democratization, but most importantly withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact. This pissed the Soviets off and they sent in tanks to stamp out the revolt. Czechoslovakia '68 Prague Spring. Dubeck attempted liberal reforms such as less repressive police, increased freedom of the press, and legalization of non-Commie political groups. The Soviets and Warsaw Pact invaded and squashed.
Ulbricht → Policy of openness initiated by Gorbachev in the 1980s that provided increased opportunities for freedom of speech, association and the press in the Soviet Union.
Treaty of Rome → Pact, created in 1957, that set up the European Economic Community