Terms in this set (134)
A residual approach to social welfare policy
calls for organized public intervention only when the resources of family and the market place break down
Universal social services are provided to members of society based on their income or means.
Selective social welfare programs are:
services that are restricted to only those who can demonstrate proven need
Public education is an example of a
Universal and institutional social welfare progra
According to the NASW Code of Ethics, "social workers should advocate for changes in policy and legislation to improve social conditions".
Social welfare policy is:
the organized response or lack of a response to a social issue or problem
The social welfare system can be viewed as four components:
social issue - policy goals - legislation - program
A residual approach to social welfare policy emphasizes prevention.
Gaining power through knowledge in order to effect change is:
why we study social welfare
Driving on an interstate highway is
a form of participating in the social welfare system
An institutional approach to social welfare policy:
calls for the existence of social welfare programs as part of the normal function of society.
Social welfare policies are the products of social welfare programs.
The social welfare system is the organized efforts and structures used to provide for our societal well being.
Social welfare programs are:
the products of social welfare policies
In 1935, the public assistance provisions of the Social Security Act were embraced by the public and readily accepted by politicians.
Social welfare programs developed as a result of the War on Poverty during the 1960s included:
The Social Security Act did not include
veteran assistance programs
Mary Richmond, the author of "Social Diagnosis" is most famous for founding the Settlement Movement in the late 1800's.
The Great Depression permanently brought the federal government into the provision of social welfare services in the United States
Which of the following was an outcome of the Civil War:
women began to be active outside the home in public health careers and social welfare services
By the late 1700's, 300,000 Africans were brought to this country as slaves.
All of the following were a part of the Elizabethan Poor Laws except:
local authorities were not involved in providing assistance
The progressive era was a time of great social welfare reform. Which of the following did not occur as part of the progressive era?
aid to dependent children
Charity Organization Societies and the Settlement Movement
dominated the social service system of the progressive era
The Settlement Movement emphasized individual growth and development.
The President and Congress joined together to pass significant social welfare legislation including the Affordable Care Act and the Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals Act
Among those categorized by the Elizabethan Poor Laws as worthy of assistance were:
The key social welfare policy that was passed during the years of the New Century was:
the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA)
The 1980's was a decade of cutbacks by the federal government in the funding of social welfare programs.
The tragic events of September 11, 2001 were
an impetus to the creation of the Transportation Security Administration (TSA)
Which of the following was not a part of New Deal social welfare policy:
Medical Insurance Act
Second-order victim-blaming is when government is held responsible for the failure of social welfare programs.
Changes in economics, communities, and families as a result of the industrialization of America significantly altered the social welfare system in this country.
The ideology of cause and function describes the role of social work as struggling between trying to improve societal well-being while providing care to individuals.
The concepts of worthy and unworthy poor grew of former President Ronald Reagan's use of the term the "truly needy".
A way to frame policy based on the lived experiences of people is through
Applying the concept of "survival of the fittest" to humanity is a key component of:
The belief that a handful of people control all public policies is described by the theory of blaming of the victim.
Schlesinger - cycles of history
Critical theory is concerned with the balance of power and the impact of oppression.
Which of the following is not a form of social welfare assistance?
If one feels a social obligation to provide agreed upon benefits to all citizens, then one supports
If people receive medical care directly from a public social welfare program, they are recipients of:
A liberal perspective toward social welfare policy emphasizes:
active involvement by the federal government in social welfare
Piven and Cloward argue social welfare policy can be a tool for social control.
The theory of a culture of poverty argues:
people are born poor and learn to remain poor
Social construction is a
Incrementalism in social welfare policy development is:
small changes in existing policies
Social welfare policy analysis is the investigation and inquiry into the causes and consequences of social welfare programs.
Based on the window of opportunity theory, for an idea to become a public policy the following elements must be present:
a compelling public problem, timing, political support, and a solution
Social welfare policy always follows a linear flow.
Social welfare programs are a product of input from all concerned parties.
The U.S. Census Bureau publishes data that are available only through on-line membership
The critical theory model of analysis stresses:
the impact that class plays on social welfare policy development
the impact that race plays on social welfare policy development
whether an imbalance of power impacts social welfare policy development
who benefits and who does not benefit from social welfare policy
Social welfare policies are not created and enacted through
Street level bureaucracy focuses on:
what happens after social welfare policy is implementented
The first step in any analysis of social welfare policies is:
identifying the issue or problem of concern
The number of Congressional Districts in the United States:
Stands at 435
The magnitude of a social event often influences the course of public policy.
Public policies are passed into law through the legislative, executive and:
Which of the following is not an example of how social welfare policy gets developed?
Rational policy-making includes knowledge of all possible policy alternatives
Reliable sources for policy research include:
is a cross between in-kind benefits and cash assistance
Mary Richmond is most commonly known as a key figure of the Charity Organization Societies
served urban poor and immigrants
Entitlement programs are those that people deserve
The Social Security Act of 1935 codified two parts of our social welfare system:
public assistance and social insurance
Jane Addams is most commonly known as a key figure of the Settlement Movement
Which of the following is not true about private social welfare agencies?
Private social welfare agencies can never make a profit
National organizations easily defined social work and quickly developed the profession during the 1950s
In-kind benefits are public assistance in the form of services or commodities
Charity Organization Societies
focused services on the individual
Tribal governments are
The Charity Organization Societies differed from the Settlement Movement because:
Their practice focus was on the individual
Tribal governments operate separate from the federal government
The most common form of public assistance is government payment of money from general taxes, called
Social welfare services are provided primarily through which of the following?
all forms of government
Social work as a profession dates back to
supports gender equity through the Education Amendments to the Civil Rights Act
Social justice reflects:
fairness to all
The following group is not protected against discrimination by civil rights legislation:
lesbians and gay men
After the Civil War, African Americans were poor and lacked access to education because:
state and local government policies maintained rules that economically and socially marginalized former slaves
Former slaves gained the right to vote in the late 1800's. However, African Americans were prohibited from voting through local barriers until the passage of:
The Voting Rights Act of 1965
The Constitution and all its amendments include:
the format for public elections
The issue of immigration across the border with Mexico and voting rights
dates back to the mexican-american war
The Bill of Rights is a document separate from the Constitution which outlines civil rights in America.
the Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution was finally passed as a part of the Civil Rights Restoration Act in the 1980's
Abortions have always been illegal in America.
Lesbians, gay, bisexual and transgender people are protected against discrimination in the work place by the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Civil rights protections for people with disabilities is guaranteed through:
The Dawes Act gave Native Americans long overdue civil rights protections.
Recognition of citizenship for indigenous people
Was given to WW I veterans in recognition of their service
Affirmative Action calls for efforts to equalize race and sex imbalances through hiring practices.
The basis for civil rights and protections in America is found in the Constitution
In 1972 Congress passed the Equal Rights Amendment to the Constitution by an overwhelming margin.
Civil rights include all but which one of the following?
rights are inherited
The juvenilization and feminization of poverty refer to:
the growing tendency for children and women to be poor
The official poverty line is a set dollar amount determined by each state, below which people must fall to become eligible to receive benefits and services.
A relative measure of poverty:
uses comparisons to an agreed upon norm to determine if a person is poor or not
The fastest growing segment of the homeless population in America is families with children.
Of all people who are poor in this country, almost 50% of them are senior citizens.
Cash assistance programs to the poor are a major portion of the federal budget.
Homelessness is caused by a number of factors, with recent growth primarily due to:
increases in poverty among children and families and a lack of affordable housing
The largest and most well-known public assistance program, Temporary Assistance for Needy Families:
was legislated in 1996
Poverty in America affects:
almost 15% of our entire population and 20% of all children
Poverty in the United States
disproportionately affects women and younger heads of households
Individuals who fall below the official poverty line are always eligible for state cash assistance.
The official poverty line
is an absolute measure of poverty
Poverty disproportionately affects African Americans, Hispanics, women, and children.
According to the US Census Bureau, there were ____________ people below the poverty threshold in 2013:
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP):
was formerly known as the Food Stamp Program
In 2014, the official poverty level income was $11,670 for an individual.
A person who is poor and has a disability would be eligible for cash assistance under the Supplemental Security Income program (SSI).
Public assistance for poor elderly persons falls under:
General assistance is the only federal cash assistance program which helps single adults who are poor.
The Social Security Act includes the Medicaid program which covers the cost of medical care and services for eligible low-income individuals.
The Supplemental Nutrition and Assistance Program (SNAP) is an example of an anti-poverty program that is also a stimulus to the economy.
The federal government has a history of involvement in job creation through
CETA, JTPA and WIA
Federal income taxes are designed to be regressive taxes
The housing market has proven to be
a long term place for most families to develop assets
Social work and economics differ because
the competitive marketplace of economics is not compatible with the values of social work
The unemployment insurance program:
is a joint program administered by both the federal and state governments
The federal government has been involved in employment training through more than 150 different programs.
The Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) and the Job Training Partnership Act (JTPA) were similar approaches to government sponsored employment.
Annual expenses on TANF account for
less than one percent of the national budget
legislated through the Constitution
In 2006, Congress took action to increase the minimum wage, reaching $7.25 per hour.
The federal budget deficit:
is the amount of money the federal government overspends each year
The program that guarantees a base hourly wage
The minimum wage
The minimum wage is:
a policy by which the government intervenes to guarantee a base hourly wage
The Earned Income Tax Credit is an anti-poverty program because:
it allows for a decrease in taxes paid by low-income workers
When people want to work but find themselves unable to gain access to the training or education necessary for the jobs which are available, they are affected by:
A head of household working full-time and earning the minimum wage can sustain a family of three above the poverty line
The official count for the rate of unemployment includes:
people who have made efforts to find a job in the previous four weeks
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