Public Speaking 101 - Test 2

-Application to audience
-Establish credibility
-Clearly states thesis
-Develops main points
-Uses transition to signal start of body paragraph
-Develop main points (thesis) using structure that fits the topic, audience and occasion
-Includes vocally cited sources
-Uses transition to signal conclusion
-Restates thesis and speech purpose
-Leaves audience with a clincher/something to think about
-Has a call to action
-Prepares speaker to answer questions
A Well-organized Speech is Characterized by?
1) Unity 2) Coherence 3) Balance
Main Points Should?
Flow directly from the speech goal and thesis
Types of Organizational Patterns
1) Chronological 2) Spatial 3) Causal 4) Problem-solution 5) Topical 6) Narrative 7) Circular
Chronological Pattern
Follows the natural sequential order of the main points
Spatial Pattern
Describing the physical arragement of a place in order of their physical proximity relative to one another
Causal (cause-effect) Pattern
Adresses the causes and effects of an issue
Problem-Solution Pattern
Presents the problem (defines it) and then proposes a solution
Topical Pattern
Dividing your speech's main points into categories
Narrative Pattern
Speech consists of a story (and has those characteristics) but still contains the basic structure (intro, body, conc)
When you want listeners to follow a line of reasoning in which one topic leads to the next and so on until you again reach your thesis
2 Types of Outlines
Working Outline and Speaking Outline
Working Outline
Is like your speech rough draft and is used to organize and firm up your main points and evidence
Speaking Outline
Also called the delivery outline and is the outline you practice with and eventually deliver as your final draft
Types of Speech Outlines
Sentence Outline, Phrase Outline, Key-Word Outline
Sentence Outline
Each main point and subpoint is stated in a single, declaritive sentence
Phrase Outline
Uses partial construction of the sentence form for each point
Key-Word Outline
Uses the smallest possible units of understanding to outline your points (ex: a single word)
Ways to Gain Audience Attention
-Ask a Question
-Startling Statistic
-Reference to Audience or Occasion
Preview Statement
Identifies the main points of the speech, helping the audience members be alert to key ideas and helps you keep their attention
Motivate The Audience to Accept Your Goals
The audience must believe that the topic is relevant to them (why they should care) and that you are qualified to address it