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-Application to audience
-Clearly states thesis
-Develops main points
-Uses transition to signal start of body paragraph
-Develop main points (thesis) using structure that fits the topic, audience and occasion
-Includes vocally cited sources
-Uses transition to signal conclusion
-Restates thesis and speech purpose
-Leaves audience with a clincher/something to think about
-Has a call to action
-Prepares speaker to answer questions
Types of Organizational Patterns
1) Chronological 2) Spatial 3) Causal 4) Problem-solution 5) Topical 6) Narrative 7) Circular
Describing the physical arragement of a place in order of their physical proximity relative to one another
Speech consists of a story (and has those characteristics) but still contains the basic structure (intro, body, conc)
When you want listeners to follow a line of reasoning in which one topic leads to the next and so on until you again reach your thesis
Is like your speech rough draft and is used to organize and firm up your main points and evidence
Also called the delivery outline and is the outline you practice with and eventually deliver as your final draft
Uses the smallest possible units of understanding to outline your points (ex: a single word)
Ways to Gain Audience Attention
-Ask a Question
-Reference to Audience or Occasion
Identifies the main points of the speech, helping the audience members be alert to key ideas and helps you keep their attention
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