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Chapter 2: The Constitution

What were some weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation?
Could not levy taxes, one vote in Congress for each state, little money coined by Congress, weak army, disputes between states.
Lockean reasoning
Defense of liberty as a natural right.
The Virginia Plan
National legislature with supreme powers, one house elected directly by the people.
The New Jersey Plan
One vote per state, protected small states' interests.
The Great Compromise
House of Representatives based on population, two senators per state elected by state legislatures.
What were the Framers' key principles of government?
No direct democracy, popular rule only in House, separation of powers, and federalism.
Enumerated powers
Given to national government exclusively; include power to print money, declare war, make treaties, conduct foreign affairs.
Reserved powers
Given to states exclusively; include power to issue licenses and to regulate commerce wholly within a state.
Concurrent powers
Shared by both national and state governments; include collecting taxes, building roads, borrowing money, having courts.