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During the plateau phase of the bacteria growth graph (Stationary Phase)...
Growth rate equals the death rate
-Heating reduces spoilage organisms and pathogens
-High heat for a short time-later used for milk
Hot-air sterilization is
-hot air 170degrees C for 2hrs
-less efficient than moist heat for sterilizing objects
The effectiveness of antimicrobial treatment is dependent on
-Number of microbes
-Environment--organic matter, temp, biofilms
-Time of exposure
Toxoplasmosis gondii is associated with
-cats and rats
-congenital infections of fetus
-human contact with oocytes in feces
Trypanosoma brucei gambiense is associated with
-Sleeping sickness--fever, headaches, coma, death
-a soil fungus
-renal, otic toxicity risk/benefit in pseudomonas
-one of the most original anitbiotics
-Streptomyces spp bacteria
-high risk of aplastic anemia
-benefit only for salmonella typhoid fever and N. meningitis
Electrophoresis is a process that moves protein fragments
-separates the DNA fragments
-creates "fingerprint" pattern that is compared and matched
In the upper respiratory tract, pathogens are
-Normal flora --potentially pathogenic
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