16 terms

Poetry Techniques

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Simile
A comparison of two things using 'like' or 'as'
Ex. The hard gust of wind came brutal like the blow of a fist
Metaphor
An implied comparison
Ex. Modesty is the best dress of a woman
Personification
The treatment of an object or a quality as if it were a person
Ex. The beams of light skipped on the crest of waves
Apostrophe
Addressing a person, thing or quality as if it were present or could hear
Ex. O Wild, West Wind, thou breath of Autumn's being!
Hyperbole
The deliberate exaggeration to emphasize an emotional effect
Ex. All the perfumes of Arabia will not sweeten this little hand
Alliteration
The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words
Ex. The sun slowly reaches the highest point in its bright blue home
Assonance
Repetition of the vowel sound in words
Ex. My step-mom shouted loud as a train
Consonance
Repetition of consonant sounds anywhere in words, not just at the beginning
Ex. Call me Jack, the wacky one
End Rhyme
Use rhyming words at the end of two or more lines of poetry
Ex. The music's pumpin'
I start jumpin'
Internal Rhyme
Use of rhyming words within a line of poetry
Ex. Hang tight, then make a right
Onomatopoeia
Use of words that sound very much like the noise they name
Ex. Swish those skirts, snap those fingers
Go ahead, but watch the night go poof
Repetition
Technique of repeating a word or phrase for rhythm or emphasis
Ex. We feared nothing,
because we had nothing to fear
Rhythm
The way a poem flows from one idea to the next. In free-verse poetry, the rhythm seems to follow the poet's natural voice, almost as if he or she were speaking to the reader. In more traditional poetry, a regular rhythm is established. Notice how the accented syllables in the following lines create the poem's regular rhythm.
Ex. Whose woods these are I think I know
His house is in the village though
Meter
The rhythm created in poetry by the repetition of similar units and sound patterns (stressed and unstressed syllable combinations)
Ex. Dimeter, Trimeter, Tentrameter, Pentameter, Hexameter, Heptameter, Octameter
Iambic Pentameter
A five foot line of iambic meter. This is the most common meter used in the English language
Ex. Of man's first disobedience, and the fruit
Of that forbidden tree whose mortal taste
Brought death in the world, and all our woe,
With loss of Eden, till one greater Man
Restore us, and regain the blissful seat
Imagery
Language that engages our senses: sight, touch, hearing, smelling, tasting, and even the sense of motion or balance. When a poet creates language that allows us to see, hear, feel, smell, taste, or sway, he or she has put us into her setting, put us at the time and place of the poem. Creating powerful imagery is a matter of choosing the exact word for the task, but it's also important for the poet to be a person who is aware of his or her world, one who notices the details in all experiences
Ex. Let us go, through certain half-deserted streets,
The muttering retreats
Of restless nights in one-night cheap hotels
And sawdust restaurants with oyster shells