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Baron-Cohen & Wheelwright (Emphasizing & Systemizing)
Terms in this set (28)
Empathizing and systemizing are two individual-difference dimensions that can be measured by____.
-the drive to identify another person's emotions and thoughts...?
-the drive to analyse or construct systematic relationships in non-social domains.
on average women are higher than men in ___.
Men are higher than women in _____.
How was is measured(that men are averagely systematizers and women are averagely emphasizers?)
measured by the empathy quotient (EQ) and systemizing quotient (SQ)
Autism spectrum disorders are much more common amongst men than women, and autistic traits are common amongst mathematicians, scientists, engineers and their families . Such evidence has led Baron-Cohen and colleagues to suggest that high-functioning autism is _____.
simply the high-systemizing, low-empathizing extreme of the population distribution for the two traits.
Read the following Background:
The empathizing-systemizing theory classifies people by their scores on an empathizing test and a systemizing test to determine a person's empathy and interest in systems. The tests' results can determine how likely someone is to go into the sciences or the humanities.
The aim of the study was to determine whether there was an appreciable difference between the scores of men and women who were enrolled in courses in the sciences and the humanities.
The participants were all....
The participants were all university students enrolled in technical courses or the humanities.
The participants took the tests and their scores were analyzed to determine whether they were ______.
systemizing or empathizing prone.
The results determined....
The results determined that people who were more systemizing were more likely to go into the sciences, empathizers were more likely to go into the humanities, and that men were more likely to by systematizers and women more likely to be empathizers.
Those who were more empathic would be more likely to follow career paths that required practitioners to interact with others and systematizers were more likely to follow careers that required high levels of organization and little contact with other people
; weakness was that the participants of the study were already enrolled in the sciences or humanities and it was already fairly clear wether they were systemizing or empathizing.
-the way in which the participants were gotten
-allowed to leave and come back
Classified as either physical science or humanities
Recruited via email
Excluded if they had a psychiatric illness
Completed 2 questionnaires
& 2 tasks on a secure university website
Scores on SQ-R can range from 0-150
Scores on EG can range from 0-80
Scores gave the individuals a "brain type"
Forced choice version of the embedded figures task
Selecting one of two answers
Participants told they would see a series of 12 pairs of diagrams
Eyes test was also given - empathy
For performance tasks 1 point per correct answer and 1 bonus point if they were in the top 25% fastest time of correct answers
Sex difference between 2 academic disciplines
59.1% of physical science were male
70.1% of humanities female
Overall there is evidence for E > S in female and S > E in males
56.3% PS / 29.9% H - Type S
14.2% PS / 41.5% H - Type E
Overall evidence for E > S in humanities and S > E in physical sciences
How was the systemizing portion measured?
75 questions, self-report, forced choice
How was the empathizing portion measured?
40, self-report, questionnaire
What is the ES theory?
That females have a stronger guide to emphasize and that males have a stronger guide to systemize.
415 students who were classified as either physical science or humanitarian classes
What was the gender number of the subject group?
203 males and 212 females
How were the subjects recruited?
recruitment via email posting and advertisement in the university with an incentive of a prize draw if they completed all tasks.
What did the gathering of data consist of (ex. self report, questionnaires...)?
2 questionnaires and 2 tasks (could be completed in any order in a multitude of sessions
What did the scores of the 2 questionnaires and 2 tasks give the reader?
scores gave subjects a brain type
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Thigpen & Cleckly ( Multiple Personalities)
Veale & Riley (Mirror Gazing)
Rosenhan (Sane in Insane Places)
Baron-Cohen (Eyes Test)
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