Articulatory Phonetics

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Terms in this set (...)

Plosives
Created when the air flow is blocked for a brief time
Fricatives
Created when the airflow is only partially blocked and air moved through the mouth in a steady stream
Affricatives
Created by putting plosives and fricatives together
Bilabial
Constriction between both lips
Labio-dental
Constriction between top teeth and bottom lip
Dental
Constriction between top and bottom teeth
Alveolar
Constriction between the tongue and the alveolar ridge (top of mouth just behind the top teeth)
Palatal
Constriction between the tongue and the hard palate (roof of mouth)
Velar
Constriction between the tongue and the soft palate (roof at the very back of the mouth)
Glottal
Constriction between the vocal folds
Consonant
A speech sound that is articulated with complete or partial closure of the vocal tract
Vowel
A sound in spoken language pronounced with an open vocal tract so that there is no build up of air pressure at any point above the glottis