a character involved in heroic battles. Most undertake quests to achieve something of tremendous value to themselves or their society
a brief indirect reference to a person, place, thing, or idea. In Beowulf, there are several Biblical allusions
vivid description using the 5 senses, description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
Renaming a person or thing by their qualities or actions, a metaphorical description (ie: bone-house = body; whale-road = sea; ring-giver = lord; flashing-light = sword)
a reference to mythological figures or stories (gods and goddesses, demons or Monsters, heroes)
Long narrative poem presented in an elevated style (poetic language: figures of speech), Supernatural beings (in Christian epic: God; in pagan epic: gods and goddesses), Begins in the middle of the action: in medias res, Begins with an Invocation (generally, to one of the Muses), Covers a vast scope of time and place and focuses on characters of noble birth,Concerns a central conflict that involves a person's or nation's fate, Has a hero figure with extraordinary abilities, Includes a catalogue effect (in Beowulf, the lists of gifts awarded to the hero)
a comparison between two unlike things using like, as, than, similar to, resembles or seems (Example His fist seems a mighty hammer.)
The narrator departs from the central story or plot line to tell a related story that serves as a point of comparison or contrast. In Beowulf, this is a method of showing rather than telling. Careful readers will note how the many digressions in the poem serve to advance theme.
The narrator interrupts the flow of the story to express a personal opinion or to comment on the action of the story.
The narrator is a character in the work narrating the action as he or she perceives and understands it
Third person omniscient
The narrator is outside the action and all-knowing and can see into the mind of more than one character.
Third person limited
The narrator only has insight into the perspective of one or a few characters. The reader learns only knows exterior action and what that character thinks, feels, explores, or experiences.
The comparison between two things is continued beyond the first point of comparison. This extends and deepens a description.
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
the character is revealed through their personality, appearance, words, actions, and effect on others