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68 terms

OAA Science Review-5th grade

5th grade vocabulary terms review for the science Ohio Achievement Assessment
STUDY
PLAY
Photosynthesis
process by which plants use the sun's energy to convert water and carbon dioxide into sugars
Barometer
an instrument used to measure air pressure
Cirrus Clouds
thin, white, wispy clouds with a feathery appearance
Refraction
The bending of a wave as it passes at an angle from one medium to another
Friction
the force that two surfaces exert on each other when they rub against each other
Metamorphosis
a change in form or shape, often from one stage of development to another, as a caterpillar turning into a butterfly
Collision
when two or more objects hit each other
Conductivity
the ability of a material to allow either heat or electricity to flow through it
Deciduous trees
trees that lose their leaves seasonally
Landslide
when rocks and soil suddenly drop down a steep slope
Carnivore
an animal that eats other animals
Competition
when living things compete for food, water, and space
Consumers
living things that eat other things, they do not make their own food
Cooperation
living things in the same environment help each other survive
Cumulonimbus Clouds
clouds that form thunderstorms
Cumulus Clouds
puffy white clouds that tend to have flat bottoms
Decomposers
living things like worms and bacteria that break down waste products and dead things
Deposition
when rocks, soil, and sediment is moved by erosion are left or deposited in a new place
Echo
reflected sound
Erosion
the process of rock and soil are worn down and carried away by wind and water
Evaporation
the change of a substance from a liquid to a gas
Extinct
no longer in existence
Fossil Fuels
coal, oil, natural gas, and other fuels that are ancient remains of plants and animals.
Forces
pushing or pulling an object
Herbivore
any animal that feeds chiefly on grass and other plants
Mass
the amount of matter something has
Non Renewable Resources
resource formed over a long period of time that can not be replaced or regrown
Omnivore
an animal that eats plants and animals
Pitch
how high or low a sound is
Predator
animal that hunts and eats other animals
Prey
animal hunted or caught for food
Producers
plants
Reflection
bouncing of light off a shiny surface, like a mirror
Renewable Resource
a resource that can be replaced or regrown, like a tree
Rotation
Earth spins on its axis causing day and night, 24 hours
Revolution
complete orbit around the sun in an elliptical path, takes one year
Sedimentary rocks
rocks made by layers of sand, mud, or other materials, these rocks usually show layers and have fossils
Stratus Clouds
thick, layered gray clouds that form blankets in the sky and are usually associated with rain and snow
Stem
brings water and minerals to the plant
Leaves
part of the plant that makes food from sun's energy (photosynthesis)
Temperate Forests
biome, occupy regions that have warm summers, cold winters, and moderate precipitation, shed leaves in winter,
Temperature
measures thermal energy (heat)
Thermal energy
heat energy
Variable
anything that can be changed or might change in an experiment
Volume
how much space something takes up
Water Cycle
evaporation, precipitation, and condensation
Weathering
gradual wearing down of rocks by wind, water, and ice
3 States of Matter
solid, liquid, gas
3 types of rocks
igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic
Metamorphic rocks
rocks that have changed into another kind of rock
Igneous rocks
rocks formed from lava or magma as that has cooled
Food chain
sun-producer-consumer-decomposer
Elliptical orbit
An oval shaped path, used to describe the shape of the Earth's orbit around the Sun
Slow processe that change the Earth's surface
erosion, weathering, deposition, and mountain building
Rapid processes that change the Earth's surface
landslides, earthquakes, and volcanoes
Mutualism
a relationship between two species in which both species benefit
Germinate
cause to grow or sprout
Absorption
the taking in of sound energy by an object
Harmful effects of technology
war, harming environment, pollution, boring jobs, less time spent with family
Beneficial effects of technology
agricultural, transportation, communication, manufacturing, health care, entertainment, nutrition
Closed Circuit or Simple Circuit
electricity moves from battery through wire, to light bulb, through wire, back to battery
3 Parts of a Plant
roots, stem, leaves
Name the Biomes
temperate (deciduous) forest-tiaga (evergreen) forests-grasslands-tundra- saltwater- freshwater
Name the planets
mercury, venus, earth, mars, jupiter, saturn,uranus, and neptune
Mimicry
the resemblance of an animal species to another species or to natural objects
Insulators
Materials that prevent electric or heat from flowing through them.
Echo location
When animals use sound waves to locate something
Permafrost
ground that is permanently frozen in the Tundra