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30 terms

Medical Terminology Ch. 7

Respiratory System
STUDY
PLAY
cilia
hairs to filter incoming air
sinus
air filled cavity within the bonce that produces mucus
pharynx
throat
larynx
voice box that produces sound
trachea
windpipe; tube through which air moves
bronchial tree
branched airways that lead from the trachea to the microscopic air sacs called alveoli
pleura
the membrane that surrounds each lung
emphysema
disease in which the tissues of the lungs lose elasticity, making breathing very difficult
epistaxis
nosebleed
pertussis
Whooping cough
phon/o
speech or voice
aphonia
loss of voice
dysphonia
difficulty producing speech sounds, usually due to hoarseness
pluerisy
inflammation of the pleura
pneum/o
lung
empyema
accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
hemoptysis
coughing up blood from the respiratory tract
atelectasis
collapsed lung
pnea
breathing
bradypnea
slow breathing
tachypnea
fast breathing
eupnea
normal breathing
apnea
absence of normal breathing
anoxia
abscence of oxygen in the body
asphyxiation
Suffocation
hypoxia
subnormal oxygen in the body
phlegm
thick mucus
bronchoconstrictor
agent causing narrowing of the bronchi
bronchodialator
agent that dilates the bronchi
stoma
mouth or opening