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26 terms

WAR 2

STUDY
PLAY
blockbusting
Illegal practice of inducing homeowners to sell their properties by telling them that a certain people of a certain race, national origin or religion are moving into the area
centrality
The strength of an urban center in its capacity to attract produce and consumers to its facilities; a city's "reach" into the surrounding region
centralization
the act of consolidating power under a central control
central-place theory
Theory proposed by Walter Christaller that explains how and where central places in the urban hierarchy should be functionally and spatially distributed with respect to one another.
early cities
Poor living conditions such as lack of space and pollution
economic base
economic activities that allow a community to exist. For example, a town might exist because a mineral resource in the area is being developed
edge city
City that is located on the outskirts of larger cities and serves many of the same functions of urban areas, but in a sprawling, decentralized suburban environment.
employment structure
Number of people employed with both basic and nonbasic jobs
high-tech corridors
Areas along or near major transportation arteries that are devoted to the research, development, and sale of technology products. (Silicon Valley is an example.)
in-filling
new building on empty parcels of land within a checkerboard pattern of development
informal sector
the portion of an economy largely outside government control in which employees work without contracts or benefits
lateral community
community that lives in a linear pattern
neighborhood
people living near one another
office park
A cluster of office bulidings, usually located along an interstate, often forming the nucleus of an edge city
planned communities
A city built to a definite plan
postmodern urban landscape
Attempts to reconnect people to place through its architecture, the preservation of historical buildings, the re-emergence of mixed land uses and connections among developments
racial steering
real estate agents advising customers to purchase homes in neighborhoods depending on their race
redlining
Illegal practice of refusing to make mortgage loans or issue insurance policies in specific areas for reasons other than economic qualifications of applicants
restrictive covenants
provision in a property deed preventing sale to a person of a particular race or religion; loan discrimination; ruled unconstitutional
grid street pattern
an arrangement of streets that intersect at right angles
dendritic street pattern
street pattern characterized by fewer streets organized into a hierarchy based on the amount of traffic each is intended to carry--they form the "loop" or "lollipop" typical of urban sprawl neighborhoods.
access street pattern
provides access to a subdivision, housing project or highway
control street pattern
is one that controls access like the on ramps to I-10
symbolic landscape
smaller landscapes that symbolize a bigger area or category. iconic landscapes, i.e. the state capitol symbolizes WI. every landscape can symbolize something, but these are focal points for people's attention
threshold
The minimum number of people needed to support the service
range
how far people are willing to travel for a serive