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Illegal practice of inducing homeowners to sell their properties by telling them that a certain people of a certain race, national origin or religion are moving into the area


The strength of an urban center in its capacity to attract produce and consumers to its facilities; a city's "reach" into the surrounding region


the act of consolidating power under a central control

central-place theory

Theory proposed by Walter Christaller that explains how and where central places in the urban hierarchy should be functionally and spatially distributed with respect to one another.

early cities

Poor living conditions such as lack of space and pollution

economic base

economic activities that allow a community to exist. For example, a town might exist because a mineral resource in the area is being developed

edge city

City that is located on the outskirts of larger cities and serves many of the same functions of urban areas, but in a sprawling, decentralized suburban environment.

employment structure

Number of people employed with both basic and nonbasic jobs

high-tech corridors

Areas along or near major transportation arteries that are devoted to the research, development, and sale of technology products. (Silicon Valley is an example.)


new building on empty parcels of land within a checkerboard pattern of development

informal sector

the portion of an economy largely outside government control in which employees work without contracts or benefits

lateral community

community that lives in a linear pattern


people living near one another

office park

A cluster of office bulidings, usually located along an interstate, often forming the nucleus of an edge city

planned communities

A city built to a definite plan

postmodern urban landscape

Attempts to reconnect people to place through its architecture, the preservation of historical buildings, the re-emergence of mixed land uses and connections among developments

racial steering

real estate agents advising customers to purchase homes in neighborhoods depending on their race


Illegal practice of refusing to make mortgage loans or issue insurance policies in specific areas for reasons other than economic qualifications of applicants

restrictive covenants

provision in a property deed preventing sale to a person of a particular race or religion; loan discrimination; ruled unconstitutional

grid street pattern

an arrangement of streets that intersect at right angles

dendritic street pattern

street pattern characterized by fewer streets organized into a hierarchy based on the amount of traffic each is intended to carry--they form the "loop" or "lollipop" typical of urban sprawl neighborhoods.

access street pattern

provides access to a subdivision, housing project or highway

control street pattern

is one that controls access like the on ramps to I-10

symbolic landscape

smaller landscapes that symbolize a bigger area or category. iconic landscapes, i.e. the state capitol symbolizes WI. every landscape can symbolize something, but these are focal points for people's attention


The minimum number of people needed to support the service


how far people are willing to travel for a serive

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