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29 terms

North Africa

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What covers most of north Africa?
the Sahara
Suez Canal
an important link between the Mediterranean and the Red Sea
What type of climate does North Africa have?
desert
Where did ancient Egypt bury their kings?
stone pyramids
Hieroglyphics
ancient Egyptian writing system
Ramadan
holy month of fasting in Islam
What is Egypt's second largest city?
Alexandria
What is a major challenge facing Egypt today?
poverty
What happens to the Nile river as it approaches the Mediterranean Sea?
The Nile fans out, forming a large delta
What is the source of the Nile river?
the Blue Nile and While Nile join together and flow northward
What covers the Sinai Peninsula?
Rocky mountains and desert
Where are settlements in the Sahara typically found?
Near oases
How is the birthday of Muhammad celebrated?
Celebrated with lights, parades, and special sweets
On what does Egypt's economy depend?
Agriculture, oil, and tourism
What do North Africa's farmers grow and export?
Wheat, olives, and fruits
What groups make up Egypt's population?
Berbers and Bedouins
When did Arab powers from Southwest Asia rule North Africa?
from the AD 600s to 1800s
What are rural Egyptian farmers called?
Fellahin
Maghreb
Western Libya, Tunisia, Algeria, and Morocco
What do rare storms in North Africa cause?
damaging floods and erosion
Climate types found in North Africa
Steppe, desert, Mediterranean
What did Alexander the Great found when he came to Egypt?
the city of Alexandria
When did the countries of North Africa achieve independence?
1922-1962
North Africa is famous for beautiful _________
handpainted tilework, hand-woven carpets, poetry
What divides Egyptians?
the role of Islam in the country
What is a problem farmers face in Egypt?
the need for more fertilizer
How would you describe the city of Cairo?
crowded, poor, and polluted
What disturbing fact demonstrates the housing shortage in Cairo?
some people live in cemetaries
What is the largest city in Morocco?
Casablanca