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32 terms

Testing and Iindividual differences RM

STUDY
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standardization sample
group of people representing the whole population
norms
standards of performance used as a rubric to test everyone
Flynn effect
need to restandardize because data indicates people gotten smarter over the past 50 years
Reliability
measure of how consistent a test is in the measurements it provides
test-retest
giving a test then later when they may have forgotten the material, retesting them
split half
one group takes half of the test and another group takes the other half
equivalent form
different groups take differentbut simlar tests covering the same concepts
Reliability coefficient
if test is perfectly reliable, coefficient is one
validity
extent that a test measures what it intends to measure
-calculated by comparing how well test results correlate to other measures that assess what the test supposed to predict
Predictive validity
there is a correlation between the test and future performance
content validity
measures the degree to which the test measures what it is supposed to measure
Construct validity
degree to which the test indeed measures what it is supposed to test
projective tests
when ambiguous stimuli, open to interpretation, are presented
inventory-type tests
when participants answer a standard series of question
don't typically allow free response
Rorschach Inkblot test
Projective test, sequence of ten inkblots, people asked to observe and characterize images which show their personality
Thematic Apperception Test
projective, participant asked to generate a story accompanying a set of random pictures, their personality is then psychoanalyzed
Power tests
gauge abilities in certain areas, extremely difficult where it is unlikely to get 100% (Olympiads)
speed tests
have very easy items, but time is limited
Achievement tests
assess knowledge gained (AP tests)
Aptitude tests
evaluate a person's abilities (driving test)
Intelligence
defined as goal direct adaptive thinking
Alfred Binet
French psychologist who first began to measure intelligence through his test, Stanford-Binet Scale
Stanford-Binet Scale
test originally measured child development but became one of the first intelligence tests
Intelligence Quotient
IG, computes how a person's score is above or below the average
Charles Spearman
said there was general intelligence (g factor) that was the basis of all other intelligence
factor analysis
statistical measure for analyzing test data developed by spearman
Robert Sternberg
proposed intelligence has three components: analytical, practical, and creative
Louis Thurstone
said intelligence can come in many different forms
Howard Gardner
Identified multiple intelligences like: verbal, mathematical, musical, spatial, kinesthetic, environmental, interpersonal, and intrapersonal (self awareness)
Daniel Goleman
created programs to enhance people's emotional intelligence (ability o recognize others intents and motivations)
Heritability coefficiet
ranges from 0-1, measures proportion of variation among individuals that can be attributed to genetic effects
psychometrics
psychological testing