The balance of power degenerated into the bipolarization of the European world--namely, the separation of alliances into two groups, the Triple Alliance and the Triple Entente. With an arms race developing and the breakdown of peace in the Balkans, Europe was racing toward utter destruction and World War.
The collapse of colonial empires. Between 1947 and 1962, practically all former colonies in Asia and Africa gained independence.
Berlin Air Lift
June 1948 - May 1949, Stalin closes off borders between western and eastern Germany to make Berlin a part of east Germany, but the US fly in supplies to Berlin for 11 months
Cold War
The ideological struggle between communism (Soviet Union) and capitalism (United States) for world influence. The Soviet Union and the United States came to the brink of actual war during the Cuban missile crisis but never attacked one another.
Iron curtain
a political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eatern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
a policy of creating strategic alliances in order to check the expansion of a hostile power or ideology or to force it to negotiate pecefully
Peaceful coexistence
Khrushchev used the term 'Peaceful Coexistence' in 1963 to describe a situation where the U.S and the U.S.S.R. would compete without launching a nuclear war.
relaxation of tensions between the United States and its two major Communist rivals, the Soviet Union and China
Prague spring
the liberal reforms introduced by Alexander Dubcek, the Czechoslovak Communist Party secretary. On August 20, 1968, twenty thousand troops from the Soviet Union and its satellite countries occupied Prague to undo the reforms.
Mikail Gorbachev
as Soviet general Secretary of the Communist Party assumed power in 1985, he introduced political and economic reforms and then found himself presiding of the breakup of the Soviet Union