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Humanities Ch. 1
Terms in this set (40)
what did the classical Greeks believe about Knossos?
it was a legend; had no foundation
what was one link between the later Greek culture and earlier Bronze Age culture?
profound respect for goddesses
in what 3 ways was Mycenaean culture unlike the Minoan?
my Mycenae, massive walls protected their cities; Minoans had a relaxed culture and the Mycenaean culture was preoccupied with death and war; Mycenaeans's paintings are more solemn and dignified than Minoans
what was the so-called "mask of Agamemnon?"
a portrait of Mycenaean ruler of 3 centuries earlier than Agamemnon
what were the Mycenaeans famous in myth for?
the Trojan War
what characterizes Minoan art?
spontaneity and vivid observation of nature
3 reasons why March 23, 1900 is important to archeology?
Evans went to discover the Minoan culture on the island of Crete; found a background to the myth of the Minotaur; divided Crete into 3 main periods; and he found a civilization even older than that of the Mycenaeans
2 great cities of the Indus River Valley
Harappa and Mohenjodaro
daughter of Minos, abandoned on Naxos, and she helped defeat the Minotaur
a group of islands in the central Aegean, produced superb marble figures of nude female figures, produced pottery of imagination and wit
why is the aegean culture significant?
they could reach beyond the monumentality and earnestness of the Egyptians and Mesopotamian cultures
why didn't the Egyptians or Sumerians pay attention to the Greeks?
Greek culture was very primitive
why didn't the peoples of Mesopotamia ever equal the achievements of the Egyptians?
they lacked the unifying elements provided in Egypt by the government and a national religion
the last great culture of ancient Mesopotamia evolved under who?
The Law Code of Hammurabi
carved on a stele in cuneiform, enlightened about equal rights, an attempt to achieve social justice by legislation
the art of what period displays a more positive attitude toward human achievement?
the quest of Gilgamesh is basically what?
the stele of what is interesting compositionally because the diagonal placement of the figures mirrors the shape of the stele
who was Utnapishtim?
he told Gilgamesh the story about the flood, and he was the only person to whom the gods granted immortality
who was the ruler of the Uruk around 2700 BC?
what was the most important development in the early phase of Sumerian culture?
the cuneiform system
the what of ancient Egyptian culture has no parallel in the history of other ancient people?
what three temples were the most colossal of all Egyptian structures?
the temples at Luxor, Karnak, and Abu Simbel
3 reasons that Amarna style is so memorable
because of its naturalism, its revolutionary character, that is was so quickly forgotten
what did Amenhotep IV change is name to?
what does art that is conceptual depict?
the idea of something rather than its actual appearance
who were the pyramids at Giza for?
Cheops, Chefren, and Mycerinus
who was Imhotep?
an early architect who designed the 1st pyramid
what was art in ancient Egypt primarily devoted to?
devoted to religious purposes
what was the role of priests in Egyptian society?
to preserve traditional beliefs
who originated the dividing of Egyptian history into dynasties? what was he?
the process of dynamic change in culture is ascribed to the who?
the pharaoh was to the visible world as who was to the universe?
what is the most striking feature of Egyptian culture?
unity and consistency
all Egyptians were promised what by their religion?
what work of literature was pessimistic and quest for purpose in human life?
Epic of Gilgamesh
how was a Sumerian ruler unlike an Egyptian pharaoh?
Sumerian ruler was never considered to be a deity of the center of a cult
where was the Labyrinth that housed the Minotaur?
Knossos on the island of Crete; palace of Minas
name of Akhanton's wife
significant symbol to Egyptian culture
ankh (could symbolize eternal love)
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