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Abeka 10th Grade World History Chapter 27: "The Rise of Globalism"

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Saddam Hussein
dictator of Iraq during the Persian Gulf War who invaded Kuwait
Kuwait
tiny, oil-rich kingdom invaded by Saddam Hussein
George Bush
U.S. President during the Persian Gulf War
Operation Desert Storm
U.N. offensive against Iraq during the Persian Gulf War
military men, politicians
President Bush insisted that the Persian Gulf War be directed by ______________ rather than ______________.
military commander
For the first time since World War II, the American President and Congress followed the counsel of a _______________ during Operation Desert Storm.
Colin Powell
general whom George Bush placed in command of Operation Desert Storm
Norman Schwarzkopf
general appointed to lead the American troops in combat during Operation Desert Storm
media coverage
At the request of military commanders, President Bush set limits on __________________ of the Persian Gulf War.
television briefings
method used by Generals Powell and Schwarzkopf to keep the public informed about the Persian Gulf war
Maastricht Treaty
treaty that set in motion a plan to form a European central bank with a single, unified currency
European Union
group of European countries
Margaret Thatcher
longest-ruling leader of Britain in the 20th century
John Major
outspoken Conservative advocate of the European Union who succeeded Thatcher as prime minister of Britain
the "Chunnel"
31-mile long tunnel linking Great Britain and france
Jacques Chirac
more Conservative prime minister who succeeded Jacques Chirac
Helmut Kohl
longest-ruling leader in Germany's post-war history
"managed capitalism"
another name for democratic socialism
Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina
four republics that declared their independence from Yugoslavia in the early 1990's
Sarajevo
Muslim capital of Bosnia
"ethnic cleansing"
Reports of ______________ (genocide) of Muslims by the Serbs resulted in UN condemnation of Serbia.
Slobodan Milosevic
Serbian president who urged Bosnian Serbs to end hostilities
Dayton Peace Accords
peace settlement that resulted in NATO troops being sent to Bosnia as "peace-keepers"
Chechnya
republic in the Caucasus where Yeltsin brutally crushed an independence movement
Namibia
country where the UN and the United States negotiated a peace agreement that provided for the withdrawal of Cuban and Angolan troops and recognized the SWAPO as the official government of the country
SWAPO (South-West African People's Organization)
Marxist terrorist group that ruled Namibia
Somalia
east African nation where rival Muslim and Marxist warlords battled with one another, causing a widespread famine
Hutu and Tutsi
two tribes in Rwanda
Ruth Perry
leader of Liberia and first woman head of state in Africa
Liberia
country where many were homeless refugees and foreigners were forced to flee
Sudan
Africa's largest country where the Islamic government waged jihad against the Christian and animist Nubian tribes of the south
Zambia
African country where the government responded to Christian missionaries with a commitment to rebuild its economy and political institutions on Biblical principles
Nelson Mandela
first black president of South Africa
Colombia
country that experienced a crisis of widespread violence and terrorism launched by "drug lords" and Marxist guerrillas
Peru
country that struggled with Marxist revolutionaries who tried to squelch Christianity
Pacific Rim
regions directly bordering the Pacific Ocean that were the most dynamic sphere of world activity during the 1990's
APEC group (Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation)
group of 18 nations extending from America to Southeast Asia designed to eliminate all trade barriers along the Pacific Rim
45%
percent of the world's trade accounted for by APEC
GDP (Gross Domestic Product)
the market value of all goods and services produced within a nation during a year
Japan
country which boasted the second largest GDP during the end of the 20th century
Cambodia, World War II
The Japanese sent peace-keeping forces to ____________ - the first time since _____________ that Japanese forces were deployed outside of Japan.
Jiang Zemin
Deng Xiaoping's Communist Chinese heir
Lee Teng-hui
president of Taiwan and the first democratically elected leader in Chinese history
Hong Kong
former British colony that returned to Chinese rule in 1997
Nicaragua
country where the success of the Contra freedom fighters resulted in free elections
Daniel Ortega
Communist Sandinista ruler in Nicaragua who was defeated in 1990
Violeta Barrios de Chamorro
defeated Communist Daniel Ortega in the 1990 Nicaraguan elections
Guatemala
country where the longest war against Communist guerrillas ended in December 1996
Cuba
country where the economy went into a tailspin without support from the former Soviet Union and 30,000 citizens escaped on boats and rafts
NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)
trade agreement among the United States, Canada, and Mexico that eliminated tariffs and other trade barriers
Institutional Revolutionary Party
Mexico was beset by political and economic problems, including a guerrilla war raised by Marxist rebels against the __________________, which had ruled Mexico since 1929.