Beginnings: Black and White, Color
Terms in this set (29)
A(n) ____________________ is responsible for the composition and lighting of each shot in a film.
The production of two dimensional images transferred onto a screen for viewing is referred to as ________________.
A ______(1)______ is taken by a photographer while the movie is being filmed for publicity including posters, websites, newspapers, and magazines.
Cut from blocks and created with light sensitive chemicals.
Discipline of making lighting and camera choices when recording photographic images for making pictures.
A category of film expression created to depict reality.
The photo sensitive side of photographic film containing special materials to determine the sensitivity, contrast, and resolution of the film.
The reduction in visibility of an image to signal a conclusion or transition.
A spooled strip of 35 mm positive film with about 3-50 images arranged sequentially.
Are taken by a photographer while the movie is being filmed with cameras for publicity including posters, websites, newspapers, and magazines.
Shows motion by depicting multiple views of the same action in a single frame.
To rotate a movie camera so as to keep an object in the same picture frame.
The production of a two dimensional images transferred onto a screen for viewing.
Outline the birth and development of projecting film. Include the inventors, the date it was invented, the definition/process, and an example in your response.
Projecting film came soon after the production of moving pictures and the realizations of film. It was invented by the Lumiere brothers in 1895. When projecting film, two-dimensional sequential images are transferred as a strip of film, which is then projected onto a screen for viewing. Their first example was called, A Trip to the Moon.
Fully explain the changes that occurred with both the camera and film that led to the creation of cinematography. What is cinematography?
The 1930s saw the introduction of the first modern film emulsions, including color film, and the first substantial use of 35mm film. Film emulsions have a photo-sensitive side of photographic film containing special materials to determine the sensitivity, contrast, and resolution of the film. Cinematography is the discipline of making lighting and camera choices when recording photographic images for making pictures.
What is the shot above an example of? Define this type of shot and its main purpose(s)?
This shot is an example of a movie still, or screenshot. Movie stills are done by a photographer while the movie is being filmed with cameras. The stills are used for advertising in posters, websites, newspapers, and magazines.
Which artist photographed the above images? What did he pioneer?
Name the series of photographs above, and its significance.
The artist Eadweard Muybridge produced the above images. He was revered for his work because he set up a system of trip-wires that would each activate a shutter on a set of cameras. So as a person or animal ran past, he could capture it in a variety of sequenced possess. Like with the image above, entitled Horse in Motion, he captured a horse as it galloped. Besides the process used, this image was important because it was the first time anyone had noticed that all four of the horses feet leave the ground at the same time, during one point of its gallop.
Name and explain the product that was invented shortly after moving pictures? Which company developed this invention?
Celluloid film was invented shortly after the idea of moving pictures was established. Celluloid film was cut from blocks and created with light sensitive chemicals. It was produced in rolls of 12 to 24 blocks. The Kodak company developed celluloid film.
Explain the difference between a panning shot and a fade out.
A panning shot is a camera shot that is taken by rotating a movie camera, so as to keep an object in the same picture frame. A fade out is something added to a shot. It is a reduction in visibility of an image to signal a conclusion or transition.
Name and describe the first silent film. In what year was sound added to films?
There first silent film was called, Birth of a Nation. It was produced by D.W. Griffith, and chronicled the Civil War. Sound was added to film in 1927.
What is a documentary? Discuss the first documentary and its creator.
A documentary is a category of film expression which is intended to depict reality. The first documentary was created by Robert Flaherty. He helped explore the Pacific Northwest. He decided to make a documentary about the Inuit people, although it wasn't exactly a documentary because a lot of the shots he set up. A documentary isn't suppose to be manipulated.
This is an image is from the movie, Citizen Kane. Describe the plot and importance of this movie.
Citizen Kane was produced and directed by Orson Welles. The movie was a portrayal of William Randolph Hearst. Welles, tried something different, he had the main character die at the beginning, and the rest of the film is a flashback - or interrupting the chronological sequence. He also used low-angle shots to emphasize the power of the media giant.
What is a moving picture? What two methods can be used to create a moving picture?
A moving picture is a series of pictures that shows motion by depicting multiple views of the same action in a single frame. A moving picture can be created using multiple exposures or through some type of processing in the dark room.
The technique of projecting a film strip was invented by _______________ in 1895.
The Lumiere brothers
In the 1930s, the introduction of modern film emulsions created cameras that ________________
Used 35mm film that was rolled into wheels and cranked through while they were recording.
The first films with sound were called "____(1)____". When sound was added to film in 1927, _____(2)_____.
(2) many film stars could no longer act because their voices were not well-suited for film
With regards to camera rotation, why was 180 degree rule introduced to cinematography?
It helps to orient the viewer's perspective and stops them from becoming confused about the image or the location of the subjects or objects.
A panning shot ________________
Is a rotation of the camera, which often starts with the subject's face/front, and the rotates around to show what is in front of the subject or what the subject is looking at.
The first documentary was created by ______(1)______. It documented ________(2)________
(1) Robert Flaherty; (2) the lives of the Samoan peoples.