Terms in this set (73)

Reinforcements for not engaging in the target behavior for a specified interval of time.( It is based on alternative punishment that should have the same effect of reducing the occurance of problem behaviors.) DRO means that a reinforcing stimulus is delivered to a person contigent on the problem behavior not occurring within a a paricular period of time. Its critical to base an intervention on the FUNCTION of the childs problem behavior.If the behavior is not addressed it may return and replaced by more challenging behavior. It is important to remember that a child should be taught a FUNCTIONALLY EQUIVALENT BEHAVIOR _ that is a apprpriate replacement behavior that accomplishes the same purpose( escape, attention, get something) as the problem behavior. This procedure reinforces when there are NO occurrences of a behavior. DRO may be used: 1( within a specific time period( not using bad language for 20 min.)
2( with a permanent product data( interventionist draws a flower on each paper that is not torn).
3.( within a time frame that has been broken down into smaller increments fo time( gradual reduction) so that the child with a high frequency behavior.( child getting out of his chair) can be reinforced. The time would then be gradually increased before the child would recieve additional reinforcement. A DRO procedure requires the interventionist to ALWAYS deliver the reinforcer as long as the targeted inappropriate behavior does not occur. FOR EXAMPLE
Tom received extra juice and time with the teacher each morning and afternoon in which he did not have a tantrum. These leaners will be "PAID OFF" for the absence of these behaviors , even if other problem behaviors occur during the interval. FOR EXAMPLE if the the student does not have a tantrum but does engage in self-stimulatory behavior,he still receives his juice at the end of the morning and afternoon.