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Informatics and Technology exam 1
Terms in this set (46)
the three concepts that are the underpinning of Nursing Informatics
Data, information, and knowledge
What does Nursing informatics integrate?
Nursing science, computer science, information science
what does Nursing Informatics do?
manage and communicate data
who does NI support?
consumers, patients, nurses, and providers in their decision making in all roles and settings
How does NI support?
through the use of information structures, information processes, and information technology
what is the goal of NI
to improve the health of populations, communities, families, and individuals by optimizing information management and communication.
The word patient refers to what?
health consumers in both a wellness and illness model
When did the ANA make informatics a specialty field?
discrete entities described objectively without interpretation
data that has been organized, interpreted, or structured
Information that is synthesized so that relationships are identified and formalized.
what distinguishes informatics from traditional information management?
the use of information technologies
what is ergonomics as defined in the US?
The design and implementation of equipment, tools, and machines related to human safety, comfort, and convenience.
what is choosing among alternatives?
The process of making a decision. Decisions made by nurses can be characterized by both quality of the decision and the impact of the actions resulting from those decisions.
What is an expert system?
A type of decision support system that implements the knowledge of one or more expert humans with out the use of human intervention (insulin pump)
What changes in technology will drastically alter biomedical applications?
what are the 5 rights of quality information?
the right information, available to the right people, at the right time, in the right setting, applied in the right way
information conveyed by the senses is what?
what is Information science?
primarily concerned with the input, processing, output and feedback of data and information through technology integration with a focus on comprehending the perspective of the stakeholders involved. Systemically based, dealing with the big picture rather than individual pieces of technology.
what does the term silo refer to in healthcare?
when departments in health care don't communicate or share information. each department operates in their individual systems.
what is cloud computing?
It is a web browser-based login accessible data, software, and hardware; could link systems together and reduce costs.
why cognitive science is interdisciplinary study?
it is interdisciplinary because it's base arises from psychology, philosophy, neuroscience, computer science, linguistics, biology, and physics.
What does the field of cognitive science study?
studies the mind, intelligence, behaviors, from and information processing perspective.
what are the 3 sources of knowledge?
instinct, reason, and intuition
a way of acquiring knowledge that cannot be obtained by inference, deduction, observation, reason, analysis, or experience.
Aristotle's definition of intuition
A leap of understanding, a grasping of a larger concept unreachable by other intellectual means yet fundamentally an intellectual process
why is cognitive informatics useful for nurses?
because nurses have to make decisions and problem solve.
Hebert Simon's definition of AI
the power of computers to augment human thinking just as we used motors to augment human or horse power
John McCarthy's definition of AI
Science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer programs.
Lamont's definition of AI
The ability to preform a task that is normally preformed by a natural intelligence particularly human intelligence.
How does health literacy affect patient outcomes?
informed patients have better outcomes so health literacy and patient education for all is a goal for healthy people 2010
what does patient education include?
programs and teachings like post op care, diabetes education, cardiac education, and diet ed.
Definition of health literacy by IOM
the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate decisions.
what is the primary nursing database used?
what does CIHNAL standfor?
Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature
About how many records does MEDLINE contain? who maintains it?
more than 10 million records. It is maintained by the national library of medicine.
what are examples of copy right infringement?
downloading, copy and pasting, using creative material without permission or with out giving credit to the author or creator.
what is the bottom line regarding copy right laws?
copyright laws apply to the digital world and copyright violations can lead to prosecution.
what is data mining?
the process of using software to sort through data to discover patterns and ascertain or establish relationships.
how is confidentiality maintained during data mining?
Data is deidentified
what is evidence based practice (EBP)
The conscientious, explicit and judicious use of current best evidence in making decisions.
What is translation research?
research that would benefit from improved access to online libraries, research tool transparency, a common data language, organizational and informational support along with continued research.
What is the gold standard concept that Dr. Archie Cochrane introduced?
Random controlled trials (RCT)
What year was RCT introduced?
What are evidence contained in Meta analysis based on?
It is a systematic review of multiple investigations on a specific area of study. Uses statistical methods.
What are barriers to EBP?
lack of time, lack of access to libraries, lack of technology confidence, lack of knowledge on how to search for specific information, lack of value assigned to using research in practice, inadequate EBP knowledge and skill.
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