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44 terms

Main Cold War

STUDY
PLAY
1989
This is known as the Year of Miracles; when most countries gained independence from the Soviet Union
Poland
this country leads the yr. of miracles
Edward Gierek
Polish Communist who borrowed heavily from Western nations to rebuild the economy which simply led to Poland's great debts
Solidarity
the workers union that turned into a political party
Lech Walesa
leader of the polish Solidarity party who was arrested and then later made the polish prez
the repeal of the Brezhnev Doctrine
this caused the opening up of negotiations between the Polish gov't and Solidarity
Aleksander Kwanieuski (sp?)
former commy who defeated Walesa in polish presidential elections because of the severe unemployment and popular discontent w/ Walesa
Vaclav Havel
led a writers rebellion and succeeded Husak and helped bring Czechoslovakian communism down granted amnesty to 300,000 prisoners
Nicolae Ceaușescu
Romanian dictator went from complete control of his country to uprisings to the betrayal of his army to his trial to his and his wife's execution
Erich Honeker
East German hardliner who used the secret police as his personal army ruled w/ iron fist for 18 yrs.
ABM Treaty
most important Detente treaty in which the US and the Soviet Union agreed to limit antiballistic missiles
SALT I
nothing was actually accomplished in this treaty besides the fact that it was the first arms treaty
Watergate
scandal that forced Nixon to resign and the end of Detente
Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan
showed the weakness of the Soviet Union
Iran Crisis
led to the end of Carter's presidency b/c he led by morals
SALT II
significant disarmament treaty that could have been a major part of Detente but b/c of Afghanistan Carter pulled out of Senate
Brezhnev's economic problems
1. command economy 2. agricultural problems (3. workers didn't work or care)
"New Thinking"
Gorbachev's willingness to reevaluate the way Soviet foreign policy had always been; helped bring an end to the Cold War
Perestroika
"restructuring" @ first just reforming the economy then when it was realized that the economy political and social systems were too closely tied together so he ended up reforming them all
Glasnost
"openness" Gorbachev encouraged the people to have and voice their own opinons about the way the country was run
Gorbachev and Afghanistan
wanted pro-Soviet regime but it hardened relationships b/t the USSR and the US and it cost too much $ so Gorbachev had to w/draw showing weakness
Brezhnev Doctrine
it was repealed in 1989 and this brought about the year of miracles
Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania
The Baltic states
the Baltic states
seceded from the USSR in 1990 (they were part of the USSR and not Soviet satellites)
Boris Yeltsin
when the hardliners arrested Gorbachev and tried to seize power he almost single handedly quashed the revolt
first prez of Russia
Boris Yeltsin
Dec 25, 1991 the soviet Union was dismantled
this brought an end to the Cold War w/ no shots fired
Vladimir Putin
current Russian prez ex member of KGB
Pravda
"the truth" Soviet newspaper
Chechnya
wanted to separate but the Soviet Union would not allow it but fighting lasted to 2000 and it cost the Soviet Union lots of $ and resources
Yugoslavia
multinational empire consists of 6 republics and 2 autonomous provinces
Tito
nonserbian Yugoslav leader led a communist country that was not soviet influenced
Milosevic
filled the vacuum after the failure of a strong leader to rise after Tito
Serbian nationalism
the reason why Milosevic remained in power
June 1991
Slovenia and Croatia declared their independence from Yugoslavia
Croatia
september 1991 the yugoslavian army initiated a full assault on this country in which they gained 1/3 of the property by brutal force
Dayton Accords
all sides of the Bosnian war met in Ohio and eventually agreed to split Bosnia b/t the Serbs and Muslim Croats
Kosovo
Serbs believed it to be sacred b/c that is where they were beaten by the ottoman turks
Thatcher
British labour party prime minister who broke the labor unions
foreign policy
thatcher's policy that was similar to Regan's
Falklands war
Argentina tried to seize British colonial islands but the British responded w/ such force that they devastated the Argentian army
Al Queda
led by bin laden- bombed US embassies, attacked the USS COLE, and 9.11
European racist parties
were created b/c of the bitterness of the hard working foreigners taking the jobs of the lazy natives
Chernobyl
nuclear disaster that made people more aware of environmental issues