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16 terms

Systems Test

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Nervous system
organs: brain, spinal cord, peripheral nerves
function: recognizes and coordinates the body's response to changes in the environment
Integumentary system
organs: skin, hair, nails, and sweat glands
function: seves as barrier against infection and injury, temperature control
Respiratory system
organs: nose, larynx, trachea, lungs
function: provides oxygen needed for cellular respiration and removes excess carbon dioxide
Digestive system
organs: mouth, esophagus, stomach, intestines
function: converts food into simpler molecules to be used by the body
Excretory system
organs: kidneys, ureters, bladder, urethra
function: eliminates waste products from the body to maintain homeostasis
Skeletal system
organs: bones, cartilage, ligaments, tendons
function: support, protections, stores mineral reserves, site of blood cell formation
Muscular system
organs: skeletal muscle, smooth muscle, cardiac muscle
function: works with skeletal system to produce voluntary movement
Circulatory system
organs: heart, blood vessels, blood
function: brings oxygen, nutrients,an d hormones to cells
Endocrine system
organs: pancreas, ovaries, testes, adrenal glands
function: controls growth, development, metabolism
Reproductive system
organs: testes, ovaries, uterus, epididymis
function: in females, nurtures and protects developing embryo
Lymphatic system
organs: white blood cells, spleen, lymph nodes
function: helps protect the bod from disease, returns fluids to the circulatory system
4 tissue types
epithelial, connective, nervous, muscle
connective tissue
provides support for the body
blood, bones, cartilage, fat
muscle tissue
enables the body to move
quadriceps, biceps, gluteus maximus
nervous tissue
transmits impulses throughout the body
brain, spinal cord, sensory neurons
epithelial tissue
covers the interior and exterior body surfaces
outer layer of skin, lining inside of blood vessels, lining surface of eyes