53 terms

MAP test reading terms

Reading terms for the reading MAP test spring 2008
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theme
a short informal essay, especially a school composition
memoir
an account of one's personal experiences
satire
a literary work in which human vice or folly is attacked through irony, sarcasm, or wit
literary elements
the components of a literary piece, character, setting, plot, theme, and ending/resolution
literary device
a literary or linguistic technique that produces a specific effect
homonym
a word the same as another in sound and spelling, but different in meaning
excerpt
a passage or segment taken from a longer work
anthology
a collection of literary pieces
anecdote
a short account of a particular incident or event of an interesting or amusing nature
alliteration
the repetition of the same sounds or of the same kinds of sounds at the beginning of words of in stressed syllables
acronym
a word formed from the initial letters of a name
pun
a humorous play on words
onomatopoeia
a word whose sound suggests its meaning
metaphor
a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not usually denote in order to suggest a similarity
irony
the use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of it's literal meaning
imagery
the use of figurative language to represent objects, actions, or ideas
idiom
an expression whose meaning is not predictable from the usual meaning of it's constituent elements
hyperbole
an extravagant statement or figure of speech not intended to be taken literally
symbolize
express indirectly by an image, form or model
scansion
the symbols that you use when you break apart a word
parallellism
saying the same thing with two different phrases next to each other
antithesis
the exact opposite placed next to each other in a sentence
omniscient
the capacity to know everything that can be known about a character
oxymoron
a figure of speech that combines two normally contradictory terms
archetype
a defining example of a personality type
iambic pentameter
a sequence of 5 iambs, each consisting of da DUM
cliché
a phrase that has been overly used
metric feet
the basic rhythmic structure of a verse
synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part is used for a whole, etc.
paradox
a statement that seems self-contradictory but in reality expresses a possible truth
syntax
the study of rules for the formation of grammatical sentences
third person
in or referring to such a grammatical person or linguistic form
aphorism
a concise and often witty statement of wisdom or opinion
assonance
resemblance of vowel sounds in words
consonance
the repetition of consonants at the end of a word
contrast
a relationship between two discourse segments
viewpoint
the position of the narrator in relation to the story
first person
literary style in which the narrator recounts her own experiences
second person
the person used by a speaker in referring to the one to whom she is speaking
homophone
one of two or more words that are pronounced the same but differ in meaning, origin, and spelling
form
the shape of a word
journalism
the occupation of a news organization as a buisiness
sonnet
a 14-line poem
literature
writings in which expression and form are characteristics or essential features
tone
a particular style as of writing or speech
voice
expression in spoken or written words
pathetic fallacy
the endowment of a nature with human traits or feelings
stereotype
a generalization usually exaggerated or over simplified
standard english
the English language in it's most widely accepted form
connotation
an idea or meaning suggested by a word or thing
allusion
indirect reference
exposition
the act of explaining
foreshadowing
to present and indication of a suggestion of beforehand