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What substances, present in fruits and vegetables, provide significant health benefits such as reducing the risk of cancer?
A meal consisting of a cheeseburger, large fries, and a chocolate shake provides a total of 1,120 kcalories, of which 48 percent of the energy is from carbohydrate and 13 percent from protein. How many kcalories of fat does the meal contain?
Which of the following terms describes psychological influences that encourage us to find and eat food?
Which of the following most accurately describes the term epidemiology?
A study of how disease rates vary among different population groups
Which of the following accurately describes the term hypotheses?
An educated guess by a scientist to explain a phenomenon
Which government agency is responsible for regulating most U.S. food labeling?
Food and Drug Administration
When looking at the ingredient label of a bottled spaghetti sauce, you see that olive oil is the second ingredient. This means that olive oil is
the second most abundant ingredient by weight.
Missy visits a doctor because she feels tired most of the time, is easily distracted, and feels chilled. As part of her examination, Missy has blood drawn to be tested for concentrations of nutrients and their by-products. This part of the examination is the
Adequate Intakes (AI)
are established for nutrients for which there is not enough information to set RDAs.
You pick up a box of Cheerios cereal in the supermarket. The label tells you that a 1-cup serving provides 25 percent of the ______ for iron.
Nutrient density can be defined as the amount of
a particular nutrient in a serving of food divided by the number of kcalories in that serving.
These protein-based substances enhance digestion by making chemical reactions more likely to happen.
Which large blood vessel is the first to receive most recently eaten nutrients, transporting them to the liver?
After digestion and absorption, which circulatory system carries fat and fat-soluble vitamins?
finger-like projection on surface of small intestine that greatly increase the surface area for digestion
circular muscle that controls the flow of food or chyme by preventing it from going backwards
Phospholipids differ from triglycerides in which of the following ways?
A compound containing phosphorus replaces at least one fatty acid.
Which lipoprotein is responsible for picking up cholesterol from dying cells and other sources so it can be transported back to the liver for excretion?
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