Softball Study Cards

Softball Study Cards.
The game of softball was invented by ____ W. Hancock in ___. He used a ___ ball and it was played ______. Our present set of rules are formed by the _______ which was founded in ____.
George. 1887. ''16''. Indoors. A.S.A. 1933.
The batting side (offense) attempts to score _____ by making a circuit of four bases while the fielding team (defense) attempts to ____ them. The major differences are that softball is played by men and ____ the field of play is _____ the ball is ____ the game only lasts seven _______ pitching is _______ and players may not _____ or step off the ____ while the pitcher has the ball in hand. As in baseball the ____ team bats first and the home team takes the _____ and there are ___ outs at bat.
Runs. Dismiss them. Women. Smaller. Larger. Underhand. Steal. Base. Visiting. Field. Three.
A variation of softball is slow-____ softball. The game is generally more ______ because the ball must be pitched more ______ and with an ____ so the ball is hit much more ______. In slow-____ softball teams have ___ players. The extra player is often called a _____. Bunting and ______ bases are not permitted in slow-___ softball.
Pitch. Active. Slowly. Arch. Frequently. Pitch. Ten. Rover. Stealing. Pitch.
Use image for this notecard.
One is pitcher. Two is catcher. Three is First base. Four is second base. Five is third base. Six is short stop. Seven is left field. 8 is center field. Nine is right field.
A pitch which is not within the strike zone of the batter.
Walk to first after four pitches are judged to be balls.
Base on balls.
The four stations on the ball field which runners on the offensive team must touch in succession before scoring.
Area in which the batter must stand when batting.
Batter's Box.
The number of balls and strikes on a batter.
The ball is not in play until the pitcher has pitched the ball.
Dead ball.
The team positioned in the field.
Defensive team.
A defensive play which results in two outs.
Double play.
Any legally batted ball which is touched or which stops in fair territory.
Fair ball.
Any ball hit into the air and caught before it touches the ground.
Fly out.
When the runner has to run on a ground ball because there are no open bases.
Force out.
Any ball settling outside the fair area or touching in the fair area and then rolling out without being touched by a fielder before going past 1st or 3rd.
Foul ball.
The portion of a game in which the teams both are on defense and offense once.
The team at bat
Offensive team.
A pitched ball which is within the strike zone of the batter or when the batter swings at and misses the ball or fouls off.
The space over any part of home plate which is between between the batter's armpits and knees. The ball must also be thrown in an arc six to twelve feet high.
Strike zone.
The game was patterned after______. There are ____ players on the field in a slow-pitch softball game. In a regulation softball game there are ___ innings. An inning is a complete turn at ___ for both teams. There are ___ outs for each team per inning. _____ or stealing bases is not allowed.
Baseball. Ten. Seven. Bat. Three. Bunting.
Strikes and balls: The pitcher must pitch the ball ____. The strike zone is between the batter's armpits and _____ and over the _____. If the pitched ball does not cross the strike zone it is called a ____. ___ balls is a walk (you get to go to first base.) ___ strikes is an out. A foul ball is considered a strike except on the ___ strike. A batter must be in the ____'s box when they hit the ball. If you step on the plate you are ____. When a better swings and totally misses the ball it is called a _____.
Underhand. Knees and plate. Ball. Four. Three. Third. Batter Out. Strike.
Fair and foul balls: A ball is foul if it is hit in the infield and is not _____ until the ball is in ____ territory.
Touched and foul.
A ball is foul if it lands in the outfield in _____ territory. It also counts as a _____.
Foul and strike.
A ball is fair if it hits _____ or _____ base.
First or third.
A ball is fair if it lands in fair territory in the outfield and then rolls ______.
A ball is fair if it is touched in ____ territory.
A fly ball in ___ territory that is caught is an ____.
Foul and out.
Base runners: A base runner is not allowed to interfere with a player _____ a ball. The base runner will be ___ if he/she tries to attempt this.
Fielding and out.
The base runner is safe if a player on the other team ____ with him/her.
Base runner is out if they do not ___ on a caught fly ball.
Tag up.
If a batted ball hits a base runner they are ___.
The base runner may overrun first base without jeopardy of being out if no attempt is made to advance to ____.
During a force out a fielder can tag the ____ or the _____.
Base and runner.
If the base runner chooses to ____ he/she can be tagged with the ____ to be put out.
Advance and ball.
A base runner may advance after a ______ is caught.
Fly ball.
Keys to initiating a good throw are: Grip the ball comfortably not too ____.
The ball should come from the _____ and then from right behind the ear.
Step in the _____ of your target.
Follow through with ____ toward the target.
Step with _____ foot then the arm you are throwing with.
Keys to a successful catch: Throwing hand should be ____ but not ____ the glove.
Behind and touching.
The catcher should _____ the ball all the way into the ____.
Watch and glove.
_____ keep the ball the ball in the ____ of the body.
ALWAYS and center.
To catch a ball _____ above the shoulder the fingers of the glove should be pointing ___.
High up and up.
A good hitter: Watches the ball from the time the ball _____ the pitcher's hand.
Does not ___ the bat on his/her shoulder.
Keeps his/her elbow ___ not ____ in by his/her side.
Up and tucked.
Steps ____ the pitcher and swings all in the same motion so as to get the most _____ on contact.
Toward and power.
Swings at _____ level to drive the ball hard and _____ rather then high in the air.
Chest and straight.
Follows through with both hands on the ___ in addition to ____ his/her wrists upon contact. (also aids in power on contact)
Bat and rolling.
Grips the bat with ____ hand on top and no ____ between hands.
Dominant and spacing.