Parados: First ode, or choral song, in a Greek tragedy.
Strophe: Part of the ode that the chorus chants as it moves from right to left across the stage.
Dirce's stream: stream near Thebes. Dirce, an early queen of Thebes, was murdered and her body was thrown into the stream.
For god... wals: Zues, who sided with the thebans, struck the first argive attacker with a thunderbolt.
Funeral of Patroclus: Patroclus was a friend of Achilles and was killed in the Trojan war. He was given a huge funeral.
Menoikeus: An early hero, the father of Creon and Jocasta
Diviners: people who claim to foretell the furutre by interpreting certain signs or events
Archeron: One of the rivers that dead souls were ferried across to reach Hades in the underworld.
Niobe: ANcient queen of thebes who had seven sons and seven daugters. Niobe boasted that she was superior to Leto because Leto's only children were the twins Apollo and Artemis. Offended, Leto complained to her children, who then slaugtered all of Niobe's Children. Zeus turned the weeping into a column of stone. She continued to weep, and her tears became a stream.
Tantalos: King whose punishment in the underworld was to suffer undending hunger and thirst. THough he stood in a lake, the waters flowed away from him whenever he tried to drink. Though branches of luscious fruit hung over his head, they always remained just out of his reach.