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Nancy caroline emergency care in the streets chapter 19
Terms in this set (49)
A 4-year-old child presents with a deep "croup-like" cough, difficulty breathing, and a high fever. You should suspect:
A chemistry student accidentally splashed a strong acid chemical into his eyes. He wears rigid gas-permeable contact lenses and is experiencing intense pain. You should:
carefully remove his contact lenses and flush his eyes for at least 20 minutes.
A distorted sense of smell in which a person perceives unpleasant odors when the odors do not exist is called:
A man who was using an arc welder without eye protection presents with bilateral eye pain and diminished vision. He is conscious and alert, has a patent airway, and has stable vital signs. Treatment should include:
covering his eyes with sterile, moist dressings; applying cool compresses lightly over his eyes; and placing him in a supine position.
A ruptured tympanic membrane:
is extremely painful but typically heals spontaneously
A yeast infection that causes white patches in the mouth or on the tongue is called:
A young female presents with a headache, severe aching around her right ear, and difficulty chewing. Assessment and treatment for her should focus on:
analgesia as needed and transport.
is contained in the anterior chamber of the eye.
Cataracts are caused by clouding of the:
Causes of rhinitis may include all of the following, EXCEPT
Central vision is processed by the ________, which is the ________.
macula, central portion of the retina
Icteric sclera are:
In contrast to the oculomotor nerve, the optic nerve
is the second cranial nerve and provides the sense of vision.
In dark-skinned patients, cyanosis can be detected in the:
In which of the following situations is the Morgan lens NOT appropriate to use?
An object impaled in the eye
is a smoker's disease that causes excess cell growth in the mouth
Mastication is defined as:
Movement of both of the eyes in unison is called:
sympathetic eye movement
Paralysis of cranial nerve ____ can cause unilateral facial and gag reflex paralysis.
Patients with a corneal abrasion may present with all of the following, EXCEPT:
Patients with epiglottitis present with:
Retinal detachment is especially common in:
Retinal injuries that are caused by exposure to extremely bright light:
are generally not painful but may result in permanent damage
Signs and symptoms of a ruptured tympanic membrane include:
hearing loss and blood drainage from the ear.
Signs or symptoms of otitis media include:
bulging tympanic membrane
Systemic signs of a dental abscess include:
fever and chills.
The bony sockets for the teeth that reside in the mandible and maxilla are called:
The large cartilaginous external portion of the ear is called the:
The middle ear consists of the:
inner portion of the tympanic membrane and the ossicles.
The ONLY indication for removing contact lenses in the prehospital setting is:
chemical eye burns.
The __________ are cone-shaped fossae that enclose and protect the eyes.
The ___________ nerve provides motor function to the muscles of the tongue
The ______________ decrease(s) the weight of the skull and provide(s) resonance for the voice.
The ________________ secretes and drains tears from the eye.
Treatment for Meniere disease includes:
diuretics and antiemetics
What part of the eye is MOST commonly injured following a thermal burn?
Which cranial nerve innervates the muscles that cause motion of the eyeballs and upper eyelids?
Which cranial nerve provides taste sensation to the posterior portions of the tongue and carries parasympathetic fibers to the salivary glands?
Which of the following has the greatest potential for causing an airway problem?
Which of the following is a complication associated with dysfunction of cranial nerves VI, VII, IX, and XII?
Which of the following statements regarding anisocoria is correct?
Anisocoria is a condition in which the pupils are unequal.
Which of the following statements regarding conjunctivitis is correct?
Conjunctivitis usually spreads to the opposite eye.
Which of the following statements regarding vitreous humor is correct?
Vitreous humor fills the posterior chamber and maintains the shape of the globe.
Which of the following structures receives light impulses and converts them to nerve signals that are conducted to the brain by the optic nerve and interpreted as vision?
You are assessing a man who was boxing with his friend. He complains of seeing flashing lights and "floaters" in his field of vision. The MOST important intervention is?
You are assessing an elderly man who has asthma and uses an inhaled corticosteroid on a regular basis. He has white patches on his tongue and the inside of his mouth. He is conscious and alert and his airway is patent. You should?
provide supportive care and transport.
You are assessing an unresponsive patient and note the presence of a hyphema to his left eye. This is evidence of:
blunt force trauma to the eye.
You would MOST likely encounter oral candidiasis in a patient:
who is immunocompromised.
_________ forms the principal mass of the tooth and is much denser and stronger than bone.
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