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220 terms

chapters 9-14

STUDY
PLAY
warming the site makes blood collection_____ and _____.
easier, faster=workbook page 189
The temperature of the material used to warm the site must not exceed______.
42 degrees celcius (108 degrees fahrenheit) =workbook page 182
when collecting blood from a crying infant ______ is affected the most.
WBC (white blood cells)=workbook page 172
allowing the patient to pump his/her fist is a cause of______.
Hemoconcentration = workbook page 165
icterus, a condition characterized by increased bilirubin is______.
Jaundice (yellow discolored skin)=workbook page 158
Microorganisms or their toxins; AKA: Microbes in the bloodstream are_______.
Septicemia= workbook page 206
Even if the specimen is the only one being tested at that time, to avoid errors______.
label the specimen cup with the patients label.= workbook page 213
word elements of Cryofibrinogen.
Word Root: CRY , Meaning: cold
Combining Vowel_O_
Word Root: , FIBRIN Meaning: fiber
Combining Vowel_O_
Suffix: GEN , Meaning: substance
What is the test for the Amniotic fluid specimen?
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)= workbook page 239
word elements of meningitis.
Word root: MENINGES, Meaning: Membrane
suffix: ITIS, Meaning: inflammation
What is an ABG (Aterial Blood Gas) test?
Test used to asses a patients Oxygenation, Ventilation, and Acid- Base Balance.
Word elements of hypodermic.
Prefix: HYPO, Meaning: low, under
Word Root: DERM, Meaning: skin
Suffix: IC, Meaning: pertaining to
Mucus or Pghlegm that is ejected from the trachea, bronchi, and lungs through deep coughing is_____.
Sputum. (page 446)
Sputum specimens are sometimes collected in the diagnosis or monitoring of lower respiratory tract infections. A common infection tested by sputum culture is_____.
Tuberculosis(TB), caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (page 446)
The Sputum test for TB is often called an ___ culture.
AFB, or acid-fast bacillus. (page 446)
First morning sputums are prefered. why is this?
Secretions tend to collect in the lungs overnight and a larger volume of specimen can be produced. (page 446)
It is also best to collect a sputum specimen at least one hour after a meal. why is this?
To minimize the risk that the patient will gag or vomit. (page 446)
What is the procedure for a sputum coulture?
* patient must rince his/her mouth and gargle with water to minimize contamination with mouth flora or syliva.
*The patient is instructed to take three or four slow, deep breaths (inhaling to full capacity and exhaling fully) then cough forcefully on the last breath, coughing up a sputum, into a sterile container.
*A minimum of three to five mL is typically required for most sputum coultures.
* this process is repeated until a sufficient amount of sputum is obtained. (page 446)
Sputum Specimen Handling consists of___________________________.
* transported at room temperature.
*Require immediate processing upon the arrival in the laboratory to maintain specimen qualtiy. (page 446)
Sweat is analyzed for chloride in the diagnosis of Cystic fibrosis, a disorder of the exocrine glands that affects many body systems predominately in children and adolescentents under the age of twenty. What four major body systems does Cystic Fibrosis affect?
*Lungs
*Upper resiratory tract
*liver
*pancrease
(page 446)
Patients with Cystic fibrosis have abnormally high levels (two to five times normal) of chloride in their sweat, which can be tested by the_________.
Sweat Chloride test (page 446)
The Sweat Chloride test involves transporting pilocarpine ( a sweat-stimulating drug) into the skin by means of electrical stimulation from electrodes placed on the skin. This process is called________.
Iontophoresis (page 446)
What is the prefered site for the sweat test?
*the forearm is preffered
*the leg or thigh may be used on infants or toddlers
(page 446)
Sweat is collected, weighed to determine the volume, and analyzed for_____ ______.
Chloride content. (page 446)
Sweat specimens can also be collected to detect illicit drug use. what is the process for the Sweat test to determine drug use?
sweat is collected on patches placed on the skin for extended periods of time and then tested for drugs. (page 446)
what is the result of damages RBC`s?
Hemolysis (workbook page 171)
Abbreviation for indwelling line is?
CVAD (workbook page 171)
Possible result for Mastectomy is?
Edema (workbook page 171)
Medical term for fainting is?
Syncope (workbook page 171)
Catheter placed in an artery, most commonly the Radial is?
A-line (workbook page 158)
Surgical joining of an artery and a vein is?
AV shunt/Fistula (workbook page 158)
Resting Metabolic state of the body early in the morning after 12 hour fast is?
Basal state (workbook page 158)
Product of the breaking down of RBC`s.
Bilirubin (workbook page 158)
Central venous catheter.
CVC (workbook page 158)
happening daily or having a 24-hour cycle.
Diurnal/circadian (workbook page 158)
Abnormal accumulation of fluid in the tissues.
Edema ( workbook page 158)
Swelling or mass of blood caused by blood leaking from a blood vessel.
Hematoma/bruise (workbook page 158)
Decrease in blood fluid with an increase in nonfilterable components.
Hemoconcentration (workbook page 158)
Destruction of RBC`s and release of hemaglobin in the serum or plasma.
Hemolysis (workbook page 158)
A specimen determined by Hemolysis.
Hemolyzed (workbook page 158)
An adverse condition due to the effects of treatment.
Iatrogenic (workbook page 158)
A specimen marked by Jaundice.
Icteric (workbook page 158)
Within or pertaining to the inside of the vein.
IV (workbook page 158)
A condition characterized by increased Bilirubin.
Jaundice (workbook page 158)
condition of increased lipid content in the blood.
Lipemia (workbook page 158)
Serum or plasma that has a milky look.
Lipemic (workbook page 158)
Stoppage or obstruction of normal lympth flow.
Lympostasis (workbook page 158)
Breast Removal.
Mastectomy (workbook page 158)
tiny nonraised red spots on the patients skin.
Petechiae (workbook page 158)
Peripherally inserted central catehter.
PICC (workbook page 158)
Backflow of blood into the vein during venipuncture.
Reflux (workbook page 158)
Hard, cord-like, and lacking resilience.
Sclerosed (workbook page 158)
Clotted. or denoting a vessel containing a clot.
Thrombosed (workbook page 158)
Capillary specimen collected from a warmed site.
Arterialized (workbook page 178)
A drop of blood spread thin on a microscope slide.
blood film/smear (workbook page 178)
Heel bone.
Calcaneous (workbook page 178)
Capillary Blood Gasses; blood gas test on capillary specimen.
CBG`s (workbook page 178)
Bluish in color from lack of oxygen.
Cyanotic (workbook page 178)
Microscopic examination of a blood smear to identify number,type, and characteristics of blood cells.
Differential (workbook page 178)
thinnest layer of a properly made blood smear.
Feather (workbook page 178)
Disorder characterized by an inherited inability to metabolize a milk sugar.
Galactosemia (workbook page 178)
Disorddeer characterized by insufficient levels of thyroid hormones.
Hypothyroidism (workbook page 178)
Fluid in the tissue spaces between the cells.
interstitial fluid (workbook page 178)
fluid within the cells.
Intrecellular fluid (workbook page 178)
Sharp-pointed or bladed instrument used for capillary puncture.
Lancet (workbook page 178)
Special small plastic collecttion tubes used to collect capillary specimens.
Microcollection tubes (workbook page 178)
Narrow-bore 50-75mL capillary tubes.
microhematocrit tubes (workbook page 178)
Routine testing of newbornes for the presence of certain disorders.
Newborn/Neonatal screening (workbook page 178)
Inflammation of the bone and cartilage.
Osteochondritis (workbook page 178)
Inflammation of the bone marrow and the adjacent bone.
Oseteomyelitis (workbook page 178)
Disorder involving a defect in the metobolism of phenylalanine.
PKU (workbook page 178)
Back of the heel.
Posterior curvature (workbook page 178)
Spiral pattern on the fingerprint.
Whorls (workbook page 178)
Coagulation test used to monitor Heparin therapy.
ACT
Incresed blood potassium.
Hyperkalemia
Scientific symbol for mercury.
Hg
Blood types suitable to mix.
Compatible
BAC tests for this type of alcohol.
ETOH
Blood donated by people who will use it themselves.
Autologus
Another name for occult blood testing.
Guaiac
Institute that defines collection requirments for urine drug screenings.
NIDA
Company that makes surgicutt tools.
ITC
Blood bank identification system.
Typenex
Type of antimicrobial resin.
ARD
The correct name for a heart attack. (Abbreviation.)
BMP
Type of (Hgb) Hemaglobin that is measured in blood plasma.
Free
Quality control that is built into the instrument (Abbreviation.)
EQC
Proccess in place to make sure that testing is done properly.
(QA) Quality assurance
Agency that regulates blood products.
FDA
Body fluid excreted by the kidneys.
Urine
Approximate number of gestational weeks for peak levels of HCG.
Ten
Cardiac protein specific for heart muscle.
TNT
Name of POC instrument made by IL.
GEM
Handheld POC chemistry analyzer.
Istat
Small, individual POC testing unit for various analytes.
Cartridge
Type of glucose meter.
Accucheck
POC test that evaluates platelet function.
BT
BC media bottle used to grow microbes needing air.
Aerobic
Process of clumping together.
Agglutination
Pertaining to a low glucose level.
Hypoglycemia
Partial thromboplastin time.
PTT
Identification (Abbreviation.)
ID
Strict protocol for forensic specimens.
Chain of custody
tight glycemic index.
TGC
Small portable POC instruments.
Handheld
Microorganisms or their toxins in the blood.
Septicemia
Volunteer who gives blood for another persons use.
Donor
Body matter/discharge used for occult blood testing.
Feces
name of charcoal antimirobial resin bottle.
FAN
BC media bottle used to grow microbes without air.
Anaerobic
Urinalysis (Abbreviation.)
UA
Law that states qualifications for personel who do POC testing.
CLIA
A 9:1 ratio of blood to this anticoagulant is required.
Citrate
Extended test used to diagnose carbohydrate metabloism issues.
GTT
POCT kidney function test (Abbreviation.)
BUN
One of the electrolytes measyred by POC instruments.
NA (sodium)
Information that has been collected for analysis and computation.
Data
Another name for a sample being tested.
Specimen
Of or relating to electrons.
Electronic
Fluid portion of living blood.
Plasma
Patient identification (Abbreviation.)
ID
Time from collection to result.
TAT (turn around time)
Process of using a mechanical device made to duplicate human function.
Robotics
Blood spray when tube stopper is removed.
Aerosol
To be formed into ice.
Freeze
Abbreviation for less than the amount needed.
QNS
Place for keeping data.
Storage
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
CPR
Process of spinning blood tubes at high RPM`s.
Centrifugation
Test for diffuse coagulation throughout the body (Abbreviation.)
DIC
Method of doing something in stepwise procedure.
Process
Collection viles.
Tubes
Record sample in the order recieved.
Accession
Fluid in a clotted tube.
Serum
Crucial consideration when loading a centrifuge.
Ballance
Substance used to make slurry for chilling specimens.
Ice
Abbreviation used for purposes of tracking specimen.
Code
Portion of specimen used for testing.
Aliquot
Anticoagulant in green top tube.
Heparin
Memory-aiding abbreviations.
Mnuemonics
Agency that regulates packaging on airlines.
FAA
Protective covering or structure.
Sheild
Make specimen clot to slow down the metabolic processess.
Chill
Way to measure centrifuge speed.
Rems
Anticoagulant in lavendar tubes.
EDTA
Plasma tubes with separator gels.
PST (plasma separator tube)
Serum tubes with a separator gel.
SST (serum separator tube)
Test measuring rate of RBC sedimentation (Abbreviation.)
ESR
Urine sample collection method.
Clean catch
_____ chloride.
Sweat
Grow microbes on nutrient media.
Culture
Aspirated and examined to detect disease.
Marrow
Urine screening is performed to detect these.
Drugs
Specimens coughed up from deep in the lungs.
Sputum
Hormone in urine after conception (Abbreviation.)
HCG
Test on urine sample.
Urinalysis
Normal antigen found in amneotic fluid.
AFP
Most frequently analyzed nonblood fluid _____.
Urine
_______ syndrome.
Downs
A sterile polyeste-tipped collection device.
Swab
Hidden in blood stool.
Occult
___and Parasites.
Ova
Related to the lung.
Plueral
Fluid secreted by glands in the mouth.
Saliva
Urinalysis (Abbreviation.)
UA
Synovial fluid is found in this type of cavity.
Joint
Urine specimen type that requires watching the clock.
Timed
Amneotic test indicating fetal lung maturity (Abbreviation.)
IN
Sperm containing fluid.
Semen
Fluid surrounding the fetus in the uterus.
Amniotic
Study of cells.
Cytology
Insert a tube through the urethra to collect urine.
Catheterize
Person who performs chemistry tests.
Chemist
Pertaining to the stomach.
Gastric
Serum-like fluid.
Serous
Feces.
Stool
Fluid around the brain and spinal cord (Abbreviation.)
(plural) CSFS
Throat culture to diagnose this bacterium.
Strep
Test for hidden blood feces.
Guaiac
Type of urine specimen collected at any time.
Random
Common urinary tract ailment (Abbreviation.)
UA
Viscious fluid found in joint fluid.
UTI
Cells on the inside of the cheek.
Buccal
type of steroid used to enhance people in sports.
Anabolic
Liquid and semiliquid substances produced by the body.
Fluids
Helicobacter.
Plyori
Urinate.
Void
Prescribed course of eating.
Diet
Method of examination.
Test
Analysis using buccal cells from inside the cheek.
DNA
Involving arterial contraction.
Arteriospasm
With air.
Aerobic
Mass of blood; often clotted.
Hematoma
Concerning the palm of the hand.
Palmar
Type of microbe.
Bacteria
ABG collection equipment.
Syringe
the preferred one for ABG is 22-guage.
Needle
Hit the artery, see a______.
Flash
Preferred point of entry.
Site
Allen test checks for _____ Flow.
Collateral
Syringe part capped after collection.
Luer-tip
Arterial blood gases (Abbreviation.)
ABG
Test for collateral flow.
Allen
Contaminant of ABG`s.
Air
ABG component measured.
Oxygen
Allen test result.
Negative
Without air.
Anaerobic
Another name for clot.
Thrombus
Protective Equipment (Abbreviation.)
PPE
First choice ABG site.
Radial
Second choice ABG site.
Brachial
Anticoagulant for ABG.
Heparin
Abrupt loss of consiousness response.
Vasovagal
Lidocaine, for one.
Anesthesia
Artery in the wrist.
Ulnar
Hold an ABG syring like a_____.
Dart
Unaccpetable way to find a vein.
Probe
PPE`s for hands.
Gloves
30-45 degree______for ABG`s.
Angle
Anesthetic used to _____ site.
Numb