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The temperature of the material used to warm the site must not exceed______.
42 degrees celcius (108 degrees fahrenheit) =workbook page 182
when collecting blood from a crying infant ______ is affected the most.
WBC (white blood cells)=workbook page 172
allowing the patient to pump his/her fist is a cause of______.
Hemoconcentration = workbook page 165
icterus, a condition characterized by increased bilirubin is______.
Jaundice (yellow discolored skin)=workbook page 158
Microorganisms or their toxins; AKA: Microbes in the bloodstream are_______.
Septicemia= workbook page 206
Even if the specimen is the only one being tested at that time, to avoid errors______.
label the specimen cup with the patients label.= workbook page 213
word elements of Cryofibrinogen.
Word Root: CRY , Meaning: cold
Word Root: , FIBRIN Meaning: fiber
Suffix: GEN , Meaning: substance
word elements of meningitis.
Word root: MENINGES, Meaning: Membrane
suffix: ITIS, Meaning: inflammation
What is an ABG (Aterial Blood Gas) test?
Test used to asses a patients Oxygenation, Ventilation, and Acid- Base Balance.
Word elements of hypodermic.
Prefix: HYPO, Meaning: low, under
Word Root: DERM, Meaning: skin
Suffix: IC, Meaning: pertaining to
Mucus or Pghlegm that is ejected from the trachea, bronchi, and lungs through deep coughing is_____.
Sputum. (page 446)
Sputum specimens are sometimes collected in the diagnosis or monitoring of lower respiratory tract infections. A common infection tested by sputum culture is_____.
Tuberculosis(TB), caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis (page 446)
First morning sputums are prefered. why is this?
Secretions tend to collect in the lungs overnight and a larger volume of specimen can be produced. (page 446)
It is also best to collect a sputum specimen at least one hour after a meal. why is this?
To minimize the risk that the patient will gag or vomit. (page 446)
What is the procedure for a sputum coulture?
* patient must rince his/her mouth and gargle with water to minimize contamination with mouth flora or syliva.
*The patient is instructed to take three or four slow, deep breaths (inhaling to full capacity and exhaling fully) then cough forcefully on the last breath, coughing up a sputum, into a sterile container.
*A minimum of three to five mL is typically required for most sputum coultures.
* this process is repeated until a sufficient amount of sputum is obtained. (page 446)
Sputum Specimen Handling consists of___________________________.
* transported at room temperature.
*Require immediate processing upon the arrival in the laboratory to maintain specimen qualtiy. (page 446)
Sweat is analyzed for chloride in the diagnosis of Cystic fibrosis, a disorder of the exocrine glands that affects many body systems predominately in children and adolescentents under the age of twenty. What four major body systems does Cystic Fibrosis affect?
*Upper resiratory tract
Patients with Cystic fibrosis have abnormally high levels (two to five times normal) of chloride in their sweat, which can be tested by the_________.
Sweat Chloride test (page 446)
The Sweat Chloride test involves transporting pilocarpine ( a sweat-stimulating drug) into the skin by means of electrical stimulation from electrodes placed on the skin. This process is called________.
Iontophoresis (page 446)
What is the prefered site for the sweat test?
*the forearm is preffered
*the leg or thigh may be used on infants or toddlers
Sweat is collected, weighed to determine the volume, and analyzed for_____ ______.
Chloride content. (page 446)
Sweat specimens can also be collected to detect illicit drug use. what is the process for the Sweat test to determine drug use?
sweat is collected on patches placed on the skin for extended periods of time and then tested for drugs. (page 446)
Resting Metabolic state of the body early in the morning after 12 hour fast is?
Basal state (workbook page 158)
Swelling or mass of blood caused by blood leaking from a blood vessel.
Hematoma/bruise (workbook page 158)
Decrease in blood fluid with an increase in nonfilterable components.
Hemoconcentration (workbook page 158)
Destruction of RBC`s and release of hemaglobin in the serum or plasma.
Hemolysis (workbook page 158)
Microscopic examination of a blood smear to identify number,type, and characteristics of blood cells.
Differential (workbook page 178)
Disorder characterized by an inherited inability to metabolize a milk sugar.
Galactosemia (workbook page 178)
Disorddeer characterized by insufficient levels of thyroid hormones.
Hypothyroidism (workbook page 178)
Special small plastic collecttion tubes used to collect capillary specimens.
Microcollection tubes (workbook page 178)
Routine testing of newbornes for the presence of certain disorders.
Newborn/Neonatal screening (workbook page 178)
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