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GEORGIA US HISTORY END OF COURSE TEST

STUDY
PLAY
VIRGINIA COMPANY
FIRST PERMANENT ENGLISH COLONY IN AMERICA (JAMESTOWN)
POWHATAN
NATIVE AMERICANS WHO ENCOUNTERED A CONFLICT WITH THE JAMESTOWN SETTLERS
HOUSE OF BURGESSES
FIRST ELECTED LEGISLATURE IN COLONIAL AMERICA (VIRGINIA)
BACON'S REBELLION
POOR FARMERS REBELLING AGAINST WEALTHY LAWMAKERS. SHOWED THE AVERAGE POOR FARMER IN AMERICA WAS DIFFERENT AND DID NOT MIND STANDING UP FOR HIS RIGHTS.
SLAVERY
FIRST SLAVES BROUGHT TO VIRGINIA TO CULTIVATE TOBACCO
NEW ENGLAND
MASSACHUSETTS FOUNDED TO GAIN RELIGIOUS FREEDOM FOR THE PURITANS FROM ENGLISH OPPRESSION. GOAL WAS TO CREATE A PERFECT SOCIETY BASED ON OBEDIENCE TO GOD AND HARD WORK.
KING PHILIP'S WAR
CONFLICT WITH NATIVE AMERICANS BY COLONISTS IN NEW ENGLAND
TOWN MEETINGS
A FORM OF DIRECT DEMOCRACY PRACTICED IN MASSACHUSETTS WHERE THE CITIZENS MADE THEIR OWN LAWS
RHODE ISLAND
FOUNDED BY ROGER WILLIAMS WHO WAS BANISHED FROM MASSACHUSETTS BECAUSE HE BELIEVED IN SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE.
LOSS OF THE MASSACHUSETTS CHARTER
THE KING OF ENGLAND TOOK CONTROL OF MASSACHUSETTS BECAUSE OF THE POWER OF THE PURITAN CHURCH. MASS WAS MADE INTO A ROYAL COLONY
SALEM WITCH TRIALS
CONFLICT (RICH V POOR) IN MASSACHUSETTS SHOWING SIGNS OF SOCIAL DISCONTENT WITH THE RIGID LIFE OF PURITANS
MID-ATLANTIC COLONIES
ECONOMY BASED ON COMMERCIAL INTERESTS; LARGEST CITIES; BIRTHPLACE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
NEW AMSTERDAM
NOW KNOWN AS NEW YORK; FIRST SETTLED BY THE DUTCH; TAKEN OVER BY THE ENGLISH
NEW YORK
THRIVING COMMERCIAL CENTER TAKEN FROM THE DUTCH BY THE BRITISH
PENNSYLVANIA
FOUNDED BY WILLIAM PENN AS A HAVEN FOR QUAKERS
MERCANTILISM
ECONOMIC RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE COLONIES AND ENGLAND; THE COLONIES SUPPLIED RAW MATERIALS AND MARKETS FOR GOODS MADE IN ENGLAND
MIDDLE PASSAGE
THE PART OF TRANSATLANTIC TRADE FROM AFRICA TO THE AMERICAS; SLAVE TRADE
TRANSATLANTIC TRADE
TRIANGULAR TRADE PATTERN BETWEEN AFRICA, EUROPE, AND THE AMERICAS
AFRICAN-AMERICAN CULTURE
A UNIQUE CULTURE WHICH DEVELOPED AS A RESULT OF THE IMPORTATION OF SLAVES TO AMERICA WHERE THEY KEPT SOME OF THEIR AFRICAN CULTURE AND BLENDED THESE WITH EUROPEAN CULTURE
FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR
FOUGHT BETWEEN THE FRENCH AND THE BRITISH; BRITISH VICTORY; CAUSED THE BRITISH TO IMPOSE TAXES ON THE COLONISTS WHICH THE COLONISTS OPPOSED; SEEN AS ONE CAUSE OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
1763 TREATY OF PARIS
ENDED THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR; BRITISH VICTORY; FRANCE LOST POSSESSIONS IN CANADA
PROCLAMATION OF 1763
AN ORDER BY THE BRITISH KING FOR AMERICANS TO NOT SETTLE ACROSS THE APPALACHIAN MTNS. IT WAS IGNORED THUS SHOWING THE LACK OF RESPECT FOR BRITISH AUTHORITY
STAMP ACT
TAX PASSED BY THE ENGLISH PARLIAMENT IN ORDER TO PAY FOR THE FRENCH AND INDIAN WAR. AMERICAN PATRIOTS RESPONDED WITH THE STAMP ACT COMMITTEE WHICH VOTED TO BOYCOTT BRITISH GOODS; PARLIAMEND REPEALED THE TAX; (NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION)
INTOLERABLE ACTS
LAWS PASSED BY PARLIAMENT TO PUNISH THE AMERICANS FOR THE BOSTON TEA PARTY. BOSTON HARBOR WAS CLOSED AND THE MASSACHUSETTS LEGISLATURE WAS ABOLISHED THE AMERICANS RESPONDED BY CALLING THE FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS
SONS AND DAUGHTERS OF LIBERTY
SUPPORTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION THAT USED PROPAGANDA TO INCITE SUPPORT FOR THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
COMMITTEES OF CORRESPONDENCE
FORMED BY SUPPORTERS OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION TO KEEP THE COLONIES INFORMED OF THE EVENTS OF THE REVOLUTION
THOMAS PAINE
WROTE COMMON SENSE A PAMPHLET TELLING AMERICANS WHY IT WAS IMPORTANT THAT AMERICA BREAK IT'S TIES WITH ENGLAND
DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE
FORMAL SEPARATION FROM ENGLAND; BASED ON THE ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHY OF NATURAL RIGHTS (JOHN LOCKE); WRITTEN BY THOMAS JEFFERSON
JOHN LOCKE
ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHER; ALL MEN ARE BORN WITH NATURAL RIGHTS; WHEN THE GOVERNMENT FAILS TO PROTECT THESE RIGHT THE PEOPLE HAVE THE RIGHT TO ABOLISH THAT GOVERNMENT
THOMAS JEFFERSON
AUTHOR OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE; 3RD PRESIDENT OF THE US; LOUISIANA PURCHASE
REVOLUTIONARY WAR
WAR FOUGHT BY AMERICAN COLONIES TO WIN INDEPENDENCE FROM ENGLAND
FRENCH ALLIANCE
AFTER VICTORY AT SARATOGA THE FRENCH BECAME AN AMERICAN ALLY HELPING US WITH TRAINING AND FUNDING
BENJAMIN FRANKLIN
THE MOST POPULAR MAN IN AMERICA; SIGN OF SOCIAL MOBILITY; AMBASSADOR TO FRANCE
MARQUIS DE LAFAYETTE
FRENCH GENERAL WHO HELPED TRAIN THE CONTINENTAL ARMY DURING THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR
GEORGE WASHINGTON
COMMANDER OF THE CONTINENTAL ARMY; FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
PROFESSIONAL MILITARY
RESULT OF WASHINGTON'S TRAINING; A MORE DEMOCRATIC ARMY;
LIFE OF A COMMON SOLDIER
MOST WERE NOT PROFESSIONAL SOLDIERS BUT HAD SIGNED UP TO FIGHT FOR INDEPENDENCE.
CROSSING THE DELAWARE
GENERAL WASHINGTON SNUCK HIS MEN ACROSS THE DELAWARE RIVER FOR A SURPRISE ATTACK ON GERMAN HESSIANS. RESULTED IN VICTORIES IN PRINCETON AND TRENTON
VALLEY FORGE
HORRIBLE WINTER IN WHICH THE CONTINENTAL ARMY ALMOST GAVE UP HOPE
BATTLE OF YORKTOWN
LORD CORNWALLIS SURRENDERED; MARKED AMERICAN VICTORY IN THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR
LORD CORNWALLIS
BRITISH GENERAL THAT SURRENDERED AT YORKTOWN
TREATY OF PARIS 1783
ENDED THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR; AMERICA GAINED ITS INDEPENDENCE
ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION
FIRST GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES; LITTLE POWER; STATES HELD ALL THE POWER; ONLY A LEGISLATIVE BRANCH
SHAY'S REBELLION
FARMERS' REBELLION WHICH LED TO THE CALLING OF THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION
CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION
WROTE THE CONSTITUTION 1787 IN PHILADELPHIA
FEDERALIST
FAVORED A STRONG NATIONAL GOVERNMENT (ALEXANDER HAMILTON)
ANTI-FEDERALISTS
WEAK NATIONAL GOVERNMENT; POWER HELD BY THE STATES; DEMANDED A BILL OF RIGHTS; THOMAS JEFFERSON
THE FEDERALIST PAPERS
SERIES OF NEWSPAPER ESSAYS WRITTEN IN SUPPORT OF THE CONSTITUTION
ALEXANDER HAMILTON
LEADING FEDERALISTS; CO-AUTHOR OF THE FEDERALIST PAPERS
JAMES MADISON
FATHER OF THE CONSTITUTION
UNITED STATES CONSTITUTION
PLAN OF GOVERNMENT FOR THE UNITED STATES
GREAT COMPROMISE
COMBINED THE NEW JERSEY PLAN (EQUAL REPRESENTATION) AND THE VIRGINIA PLAN (POPULATION) TO CREATE A BICAMERAL LEGISLATURE (HOUSE OF REPS AND THE SENATE)
SEPARATION OF POWERS
THE POWER OF GOVERNMENT IS DIVIDED INTO THREE BRANCHES (LEGISLATIVE, EXECUTIVE, AND JUDICIAL) EACH BRANCH HAS ITS OWN DUTIES THUS LIMITING THE POWER OF THE GOVERNMENT
MONTESUUIEU
FRENCH ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHER WHO DEVISED SEPARATION OF POWERS AS A WAY OF LIMITING THE GOVERNMENT
THE ISSUE OF SLAVERY
WAS NOT ADDRESSED AT THE CONSTITUTIONAL CONVENTION FOR FEAR OF THE LOSS OF SOUTHERN SUPPORT. 3/5 COMPROMISE ALLOWED FOR SLAVES TO BE COUNTED IN POPULATION
BILL OF RIGHTS
FIRST 10 AMENDMENTS TO THE CONSTITUTION; ADDED TO GAIN THE SUPPORT OF THE ANTI FEDERALISTS
PRES GEORGE WASHINGTON
FIRST PRESIDENT; FEDERALIST; NEUTRALITY PROCLAMATION AND NON-INTERVENTION IN EUROPEAN AFFAIRS
JOHN ADAMS
2ND PRESIDENT; MAIN CONCERN WAS STAYING OUT OF THE WAR BETWEEN BRITAIN AND FRANCE
WHISKEY REBELLION
REBELLION BY FARMERS AGAINST HAMILTON'S ECONOMIC PLAN. THE REBELLION WAS PUT DOWN SHOWING THE UNITED STATES COULD ENFORCE ITS LAWS UNDER THE NEW CONSTITUTION
NON-INTERVENTION IN EUROPE
PROBLEM FACED BY FIRST 3 PRESIDENTS; HOW TO STAY OUT OF THE WAR BETWEEN ENGLAND AND FRANCE AND STILL TRADE
DEVELOPMENT OF POLITICAL PARTIES
FEDERALISTS (ALEXANDER HAMILTON) AND JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLICANS (THOMAS JEFFERSON); FEDERALISTS BELIEVED IN A STRONG NATIONAL GOVERNMENT AND JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLICANS A WEAK GOVERNMENT
ALEXANDER HAMILTON
SECRETARY TREASURER UNDER WASHINGTON; CREATED A NATIONAL DEBT WITH A PLAN TO REPAY FROM TARIFFS AND TAX ON WHISKEY; LEADER OF THE FEDERALIST PARTY AND CO-AUTHOR OF THE FEDERALIST PAPERS
THOMAS JEFFERSON
3RF PRESIDENT; AUTHOR OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE; LEADER OF THE JEFFERSONIAN REPUBLICANS
NORTHWEST ORDINACE
ONE SUCCESS OF THE ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION; PROCEDURE FOR ADDING NEW STATES; SLAVERY PROHIBITED; LAND SET ASIDE FOR PUBLIC SCHOOLS
LOUISIANA PURCHASE
TERRITORY IN CENTRAL UNITED STATES; BOUGHT FROM FRANCE BY PRESIDENT JEFFERSON; DOUBLED THE SIZE OF THE US
LEWIS AND CLARK
EXPEDITION THAT SHOWED THE WEALTH OF RESOURCES FOUND IN THE LOUISIANA TERRITORY
WAR OF 1812
WAR WITH GREAT BRITAIN; ENCOURAGED BY THE WAR HAWKS, A YOUNG GROUP OF CONGRESSMEN IN FAVOR OF WAR IN ORDER TO TAKE CANADA
NATIONAL IDENTITY
VICTORY OVER GREAT BRITAIN IN WAR OF 1812 CREATED NATIONAL PRIDE AND A SENSE OF NATIONAL ISM
MONROE DOCTRINE
FOREIGN POLICY WARNING EUROPE TO STAY OUT OF THE WESTERN HEMISPHERE. BASIS FOR EARLY AMERICAN FOREIGN POLICY
INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
MADE THE MASS PRODUCTION OF GOODS POSSIBLE; CHANGED THE WAY WE LIVE; GROWTH OF CITIES
ELE WHITNEY
COTTON GIN (INCREASED DEMAND FOR SLAVES) AND INTERCHANGEABLE PART (FACTORY SYSTEM)
MANIFEST DESTINY
THE BELIEF THAT AMERICA HAD A CHRISTIAN DUTY TO EXPAND FROM THE ATLANTIC TO THE PACIFIC OCEAN
TEMPERANCE MOVEMENT
EARLY 19TH CENTURY REFORM MOVEMENT AIMED AT ENDING THE CONSUMPTION OF ALCOHOL
ABOLITIONISM
END SLAVERY
REFORM OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS
IMPROVE EDUCATION IN ORDER TO RAISE GOOD CITIZENS
WOMEN'S SUFFRAGE MOVEMENT
WOMEN'S RIGHT TO VOTE
ELIZABETH CADY STANTON
LEADER OF WOMEN'S MOVEMENT; SENECA FALLS CONVENTION
SENECA FALLS CONVENTION
FIRST ORGANIZED CONVENTION FOR WOMEN'S RIGHTS
JACKSONIAM DEMOCRACY
JACKSON WAS THE FIRST PRESIDENT ELECTED BECAUSE OF THE VOTE OF THE COMMON MAN
NAT TURNER REBELLION
SLAVE UPRISING IN VIRGINIA
WILLIAM LLOYD GARRISON
WHITE ABOLITIONIST; THE LIBERATOR
JOHN BROWN
WHITE ABOLITIONIST WHO BELIEVED GOD HAD PUT HIM ON EARTH TO END SLAVERY. RAID ON HARPERS FERRY AND VIOLENCE IN KANSAS
FREDERICK DOUGLAS
FORMER SLAVE ABOLITIONIST; THE NORTH STAR
GRIMKE SISTERS
ABOLITIONISTS SISTERS FROM A SLAVE HOLDING FAMILY IN THE SOUTH
MISSOURI COMPROMISE
MISSOURI ADMITTED AS A SLAVE STATE; MAINE AS A FREE STATE; LINE DRAWN IN WHICH SLAVERY COULD NOT BE NORTH. DECLARED UNCONSTITUTIONAL BY THE DRED SCOTT DECISION OF THE SUPREME COURT
NULLIFICATION CRISIS
SOUTH CAROLINA DECLARED TARIFF OF ABOMINATION UNCONSTITUTIONAL ON THE BASIS THAT STATES HAVE THE POWER TO SO SO. (STATES' RIGHTS)
JOHN C. CALHOUN
SOUTH CAROLINA SENATOR WHO FAVORED STATES' RIGTHTS
MEXICAN WAR
FOUGHT OVER THE ANNEXATION OF TEXAS. RESULTED IN TERRITORY FOR THE UNITED STATES INCLUDING CALIFORNIA, UTAH AND NEW MEXICO
WILMONT PROVISO
A BILL PUT BEFORE CONGRESS THAT HAD IT PASSED WOULD HAVE FORBIDDEN SLAVERY IN ANY NEW TERRITORIES
COMPROMISE OF 1850
CALIFORNIA ADDED AS A FREE STATE; SENATE UNBALANCED; FUGITIVE SLAVE LAW
KANSAS-NEBRASKA ACT
POPULAR SOVEREIGNTY (VOTING) WOULD BE USED TO DETERMINE SLAVE OR FREE STATES; RESULTED IN VIOLENCE; CIVIL WAR BROKE OUT BEFORE THE ISSUE COULD BE RESOLVED
DRED SCOTT SUPREME COURT CASE
SLAVERY FOUND TO BE CONSTITUTIONAL; MISSOURI COMPROMISE UNCONSTITUTIONAL; REAL BLOW TO THE ABOLITIONIST MOVEMENT
ABRAHAM LINCOLN
REPUBLICAN ELECTED PRESIDENT; LED TO THE SOUTHERN SECESSION; ASSASSINATED AFTER THE CIVIL WAR; EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION; GETTYSBURG ADDRESS
ULYSSES S GRANT
COMMANDER OF THE UNION ARMY OF THE POTOMAC; VICTORY AGAINST CONFEDERATE GENERAL ROBERT E LEE
ROBERT E LEE
COMMANDER OF THE CONFEDERATE ARMY; SURRENDERED TO GRANT
"STONEWALL JACKSON"
GENERAL LEE'S FAVORITE GENERAL DURING THE CIVIL WAR
WILLIAM T SHERMAN
LED THE DESTRUCTIVE MARCH FROM THE BURNING OF ATLANTA TO THE SEA; DESTROYED THE CONFEDERATE'S WILL TO FIGHT
ANTIETAM
UNION VICTORY; BLOODIEST BATTLE; LINCOLN ISSUED THE EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION
VICKSBURG
UNION VICTORY IN WHICH THE UNION ARMY TOOK CONTROL OF THE MISSISSIPPI RIVER THUS SPLITTING THE CONFEDERACY IN HALF
GETTYSBURG
UNION VICTORY; BEGINNING OF THE END FOR THE CONFEDERACY
BATTLE FOR ATLANTA
UNION TROOPS BURNED ATLANTA TO THE GROUND AND THEN SHERMAN MARCHED, LEAVING A PATH OF DESTRUCTION, TO THE SEA
EMANCIPATION PROCLAMATION
FREED SLAVES IN THE CONFEDERACY
GREAT AWAKENING
RELIGIOUS MOVEMENT IN AMERICAN COLONIES; MADE RELIGION MORE DEMOCRATIC BECAUSE PEOPLE WERE ENCOURAGED TO CREATE THEIR OWN INDIVIDUAL RELATIONSHIP WITH GOD. FOUNDATION OF THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION
ERIE CANAL
LINKED THE GREAT LAKES WITH THE HUDSON RIVER AND THEN THE ATLANTIC OCEAN. MADE NEW YORK CITY A MAJOR CITY; EARLY INFRASTRUCTURE
SECOND INAUGURAL ADDRESS
LINCOLN "WITH MALICE TOWARD NONE AND CHARITY FOR ALL" SHOWED HE WAS NOT CONCERNED WITH PUNISHING THE SOUTH AFTER THE CIVIL WAR
SUSPENSION OF HABEAS CORPUS
LINCOLN DURING THE CIVIL WAR IN AN ATTEMPT TO CONTROL BORDER STATES
THOMAS EDISON
INVENTION OF THE PHONOGRAPH, LIGHT BULB AND MOVIES
PULLMAN STRIKE
STRIKE AGAINST THE RAILROAD; GOVERNMENT SENT IN TROOPS TO PUT DOWN THE UNREST; SHOWED THE GOVERNMENT WOULD SUPPORT BIG BUSINESS RATHER THAN THE UNIONS
DUST BOWL
DROUGHT CAUSING PEOPLE TO LEAVE OKLAHOMA AND MOVE TO CALIFORNIA; GREAT DEPRESSION
HUEY LONG
STRONG CRITIC OF FRANKLIN D ROOSEVELT'S NEW DEAL