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43 terms

SS - Unit 8 (ls 1-3)

STUDY
PLAY
immigration
One historian wrote, "The history of America is __."
prejudice
There has been __ or discrimination in the United States against one or another immigration group.
discrimination
__ is treating people in a different way because of prejudice.
United States
Compared with the history of immigrant groups anywhere else in the world, the __ comes out pretty well!
colonies
The very first people who started __ in North America were immigrants! Settlers in America came from many different lands.
1. European countries were at war and this made traveling on the oceans dangerous.
2. Several European governments tried to stop emigration so that a loss of population would not stop them from carrying on with the war.
Immigration to America did slow down between the 1770s through the 1820s. Name two reasons for this.
emigration
__is leaving one country to live in another.
increase
By the 1830s immigration started to __ rapidly. More than one out of every eight people living in the U.S. was born somewhere else.
economic
The 'push' toward immigration for most people was __. European families were having to make do with less farmland.
German
Many __ farmers came to the U.S., especially when crop failures struck in the 1840s.
Irish
Many __ farmers came to the U.S. when their small rented potato farms were turned into sheep pastures
potato blight
In 1846, a disease called __ wiped out the entire crop of Irish potatoes several years in a row. Starvation was everywhere.
newspapers, books and business ads
Many felt 'pulled' to America. They learned about this new nation in ____.
letters written by friends and relatives who already moved there
The most important 'pull' to America came through __.
American Fever
__ was not a virus! It was the rush that overcame many residents to move to America!
freight
Immigrants traveled below deck on a ship designed to carry __, not passengers. There were not enough bunks for everyone to sleep in. They had to take turns!
seasick
Many immigrant passengers became __ throughout the voyage. Passengers often had no food except what they brought with them. Drinking water was very limited. The voyage lasted anywhere from 30 to 90 days!
ports
Immigrants set foot in America at the __ where their freighters were going.
port
A __ is a city with a harbor where ships can load and unload.
farmland
How did immigrants decide where to settle once they arrived? Farmers with enough money traveled south or west and bought __.
cities
How did immigrants decide where to settle once they arrived? Skilled workers (such as tailors, miners, printers) found jobs in the __.
cities where many jobs were available
How did immigrants decide where to settle once they arrived? Those with no special skills settled in __
native country
Many immigrants settled near others from their __.
muscle power and their time
Many of the farmers were too poor to buy a farm. They had nothing to sell but __ and __.
jobs
American cities had plenty of __ such a streets to be swept, ships to be (un)loaded, garbage to be hauled, houses to be cleaned, etc.
New York City
In the 1850's __ alone had over 20,000 such jobs! Immigrants held 19,500 of these jobs.
railroad
The poorest and least skilled of all the immigrants were probably the Irish. They worked on the __, canal, and heavy construction projects.
tenement
A __ is an apartment building, often overcrowded and poorly kept, usually in a city slum
future
Very few immigrants regretted their move. America offered a __ for them and their children. They saved to bring over (the ocean) other family members to join them.
The Civil War ended and people were glad that the nation was no longer divided.
Why did immigration increase after 1865?
economy
People wanted to come to the United States when the __ was strong. Therefore, the history of immigration can also tell you something about the history of the American __.
steamships
Another reason for the huge increase in immigration was that large __ had replaced sailing ships.
passenger
Ocean voyages were faster, cheaper, and more pleasant. After 1865, immigrants could travel on __ ships rather than on freighters.
Old
Immigration from northern and western Europe is called __ Immigration
New
__ Immigrants came from southern and eastern Europe, Asia, Canada, and Mexico
to stay and build a new life (like the old immigrants), to get enough money to bring back to their native countries, or to avoid persecution
Why did the New Immigrants come to America?
Birds of passage
New Immigrants who came to America to earn enough money to bring back to their native countries were called __
Old
__ Immigrants came to America for great open spaces and plenty of land for farming.
New
__ Immigrants came to America for the great cities and well-paying jobs in factories.
foreign
. New Immigration gave American cities a __ flavor. Special ethnic neighborhoods such as Chinatown, Little Italy, etc. developed.
discrimination
Making a living was not easy for the New Immigrants because many had no skills and spoke no English. They met __ in the way they were paid.
immigrants and slaves
__ and __ helped to build America. Life was hard for them, however, they were far better off than they had been in their native lands.
public schools
In time, many immigrants learned new skills, improved earnings, afforded better housing, and thanks to __, gave their children a future.